Flashcards in Unit One- Group H Deck (27):
What does the term, "ulama" refer to?
Ulama refers to "people with religious knowlege"
What did the Arabic armies of the Ummayad Dynasty force?
They forced everyone to convert from Sunni to Shia.
Where did the Arabic numbers originate?
Arabic numbers had their origins in India
What was the central cultural unifying symbol for the Muslims?
Who was the islamic thinker who studied Aristotle and whose thought, in turn, reflected the rise of European scholasticism?
What term means struggle and acts as a call for Muslims to combat evil and ignorance and spread the word of Islam?
Who was the most devoted apostle of Muhammed as well as his successor?
What did the Arabs force onto those whom they conquered who did not convert to Islam?
A tax called the jizya
What rights were Arab women granted?
The right to inherit land, to divorce their husbands by their own choice, and to engage is business affairs.
Was the Abbasid a conquering dynasty? Was the Umayyad a conquering dynasty?
Abbasid was not, Umayyad was.
What is the Islamic Holy Book and the Text of Muhammad's teachings?
What are the 5 pillars of Islam?
1. Acknowledge that Allah is God, Muhammad is prophet
2. Must pray to Allah daily while facing Mecca
3. Must observe fast during daylight of Ramadan.
4. Give alms to the weak and poor.
5. Must make pilgrimmage to Mecca if able.
What are the three components of the Jihad?
The Jihad is a struggle to:
spread the word of Allah
wage war against the unbelievers of Islam
What is hijra?
Muhammad's flight from Mecca the Medina, which begins year 1 on the calendar of Islam.
What is the difference between Shias and Sunnis?
The Shias believed that Ali should have succeeded Muhammad. Sunnis believed that Abu Bakr should have succeeded Muhammad.
What is the uma
The community of the faithful
What was the use of the grand canal for
To allow the north and south to trade easily and grow the economy.
What was the songs founder and the capital
Taizu and the capital was Hangsu
What dynasty inspired Japan the most
The Tang dynast inspired Japan the most
Who were the samari and what was there code?
They were warriors of provinces in Japan, they valued loyalty and discipline. Their code was called bushido.
Chinese female emperor that created her own secret police force.
Mounted warriors in medieval japan
Personal salvation that comes once a person has escaped the cycle of incarnation
Who was the author of the tale of genji?
What is the hajj?
The holy pilgrimage to Mecca by Muslims