Flashcards in Unit One-Group D Deck (32):
Is Islamic Law
a. offers guidance on every aspect of life
b. Islam is developing into a way of life with social and ethical values
means "house of islam" and refers to lands under Islamic rule
Holy pilgrimage to Mecca
Every Muslim is supposed to go at least once in their life.
Became caliph after Muhammad's death. Led umma became head of state for Islamic community as well as a religious leader.
Born in 570 ce taught first true one god Allah, he was a merchant
Muhammad's move to medina, starts official Islamic calendar
Cubed shape building housed shrines, brought wealth to Mecca
Muhammad's written revelations, the holy book of Islam
Who was An Lushan and what did he do?
A former military commander, An Lushan rebelled against the Tang dynasty. The rebellion was eventually suppressed by outside Turkish forces. The Tang dynasty fell apart soon after.
The first Song emperor; had a reputation of honesty and effectiveness.
Three policies that helped the success of the early Tang Dynasty.
1. maintenance of a transportation/communication network
2. distribution of land according to the equal-field system
3. reliance of a bureaucracy based on merit
Governed the allocation of agricultural land; ensured an equitable distribution of land
The Grand Canal
most elaborate Sui project; one of world's largest water works projects before modern times
Imposed tight discipline on his Sui state and then spread his rule to the rest of China. Built a centralized government.
Slipped past Imperial watchtowers to travel to India to study Buddhist texts
The relationships China had with surrounding countries where neighboring lands and people would recognize the Chinese as their overlords.
A military commander who started the rebellion that brought the decline and fall of the Tang Dynasty.
The Turkish nomads whom the Tang Emperor called in to help defeat the rebellion of An Lushan.
A new agricultural technique that the Chinese used oxen and water buffaloes to pull.
Heavy Iron Plows
The Muslim name for God. (Same God as Judaism and Christianity)
A cube shaped building that housed a large, black rock considered to be a the dwelling place of a powerful deity. Located at Mecca.
The prophet and founder of the religion of Islam. He grew up an orphan and became a merchant before starting Islam.
Wealthy widow which Muhammad grew up working for and eventually married.
Angel which delivered visions, understood as messages or revelations, to Muhammad. Also recognized by Jews and Christians.
Which group eventually destroyed the Abbasid dynasty?
The Mongols extinguished the Abbasid dynasty in 1258.
What is jihad?
Jihad means "struggle". In one way it requires Muslims to combat evil. In another way it is a struggle agains ignorance, encouraging Muslims to spread Islam.
What is the difference between Shia and Sunni Muslims?
The Shia believe that Ali and his descendants should be the Caliphs, while Sunni muslims don't and represent the majority of Muslims.
What was Dunhuang?
Dunhuang was a city in western China home to a large Buddhist community with hundreds of temples and libraries of Buddhist texts.
Born in Mecca
Was a Prophet who started the religion of Islam
He said he spoke the words that archangel gabriel told him.
He unified Arabia into a single unified polity.
a. means "struggle"
b. calls on Muslims to struggle against ignorance and unbelief by spreading the word of Islam and seeking converts to the faith
Name of the community that Muhammad led in Medina after fleeing from Mecca