Unit One-Group D Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit One-Group D Deck (32):
0

Is Islamic Law
a. offers guidance on every aspect of life
b. Islam is developing into a way of life with social and ethical values

Sharia

goeke

1

means "house of islam" and refers to lands under Islamic rule

Dar al-islam

goeke

2

Holy pilgrimage to Mecca
Every Muslim is supposed to go at least once in their life.

The Hajj

goeke

3

Became caliph after Muhammad's death. Led umma became head of state for Islamic community as well as a religious leader.

Catenacci

Abu Bakr

4

Born in 570 ce taught first true one god Allah, he was a merchant

Catenacci

Muhammad

5

Muhammad's move to medina, starts official Islamic calendar

Catenacci

The Hijra

6

Cubed shape building housed shrines, brought wealth to Mecca

Catenacci

Ka'ba

7

Muhammad's written revelations, the holy book of Islam

Catenacci

Quran

8

Who was An Lushan and what did he do?



Lennemann

A former military commander, An Lushan rebelled against the Tang dynasty. The rebellion was eventually suppressed by outside Turkish forces. The Tang dynasty fell apart soon after.

9

The first Song emperor; had a reputation of honesty and effectiveness.

Venteicher

Song Taizu

10

Three policies that helped the success of the early Tang Dynasty.

Venteicher

1. maintenance of a transportation/communication network
2. distribution of land according to the equal-field system
3. reliance of a bureaucracy based on merit

11

Governed the allocation of agricultural land; ensured an equitable distribution of land

Venteicher

Equal-field system

12

The Grand Canal

Venteicher

most elaborate Sui project; one of world's largest water works projects before modern times

13

Imposed tight discipline on his Sui state and then spread his rule to the rest of China. Built a centralized government.

Venteicher

Yang Jian

14

Slipped past Imperial watchtowers to travel to India to study Buddhist texts

Xuanzang
(Angus Pellant)

15

The relationships China had with surrounding countries where neighboring lands and people would recognize the Chinese as their overlords.

Tributary Relationships
(Angus Pellant)

16

A military commander who started the rebellion that brought the decline and fall of the Tang Dynasty.

An Lushan
(Angus Pellant)

17

The Turkish nomads whom the Tang Emperor called in to help defeat the rebellion of An Lushan.

The Uighurs
(Angus Pellant)

18

A new agricultural technique that the Chinese used oxen and water buffaloes to pull.

Heavy Iron Plows
(Angus Pellant)

19

Allah

Nate Gamble

The Muslim name for God. (Same God as Judaism and Christianity)

20

Ka'ba

Nate Gamble

A cube shaped building that housed a large, black rock considered to be a the dwelling place of a powerful deity. Located at Mecca.

21

Muhammad

Nate Gamble

The prophet and founder of the religion of Islam. He grew up an orphan and became a merchant before starting Islam.

22

Khadija

Nate Gamble

Wealthy widow which Muhammad grew up working for and eventually married.

23

Archangel Gabriel

Nate Gamble

Angel which delivered visions, understood as messages or revelations, to Muhammad. Also recognized by Jews and Christians.

24

Which group eventually destroyed the Abbasid dynasty?



Lennemann

The Mongols extinguished the Abbasid dynasty in 1258.

25

What is jihad?



Lennemann

Jihad means "struggle". In one way it requires Muslims to combat evil. In another way it is a struggle agains ignorance, encouraging Muslims to spread Islam.

26

What is the difference between Shia and Sunni Muslims?



Lennemann

The Shia believe that Ali and his descendants should be the Caliphs, while Sunni muslims don't and represent the majority of Muslims.

27

What was Dunhuang?



Lennemann

Dunhuang was a city in western China home to a large Buddhist community with hundreds of temples and libraries of Buddhist texts.

28

Muhammad

Born in Mecca
Was a Prophet who started the religion of Islam
He said he spoke the words that archangel gabriel told him.
He unified Arabia into a single unified polity.

29

Jihad

a. means "struggle"
b. calls on Muslims to struggle against ignorance and unbelief by spreading the word of Islam and seeking converts to the faith

29

Name of the community that Muhammad led in Medina after fleeing from Mecca

Umma

goeke

29

Are judges, set moral standards in communities and settled disputes. They rendered their decisions based on the Quran and Sharia.

Qadis

goeke