Flashcards in Unit One-Group E Deck (38):
What is the true meaning of the word Islam?
What is the dar-al-Islam?
"The house of Islam"; All lands under Islamic control. (Daniel Pfaff)
What does Islam mean?
"Submission"; The faith worshipping one god, Allah. (Daniel Pfaff)
Who was Muhammad?
Muhammad was the Islamic prophet ("Seal of the Prophets") that created all the rules of the Islamic faith. (Daniel Pfaff)
What is the Quran?
"Recitation"; Islamic book of Muhammad's teachings (Daniel Pfaff)
What or who is the umma?
"Community of the faithful"; The cohesive Islamic community created by Muhammad with specific legal and social codes (Daniel Pfaff)
Who are the Sufis?
A Mystic Islam group that neglected formal teaching in favor of spirituality. They enjoyed much success because they did not require or encourage believers to be educated in the texts of Islam. Traditional believers questioned their neglect of Islam texts.
Who is Wu Zhao?
Female emperor of the Tang dynasty. Her rule seems ironic as she ruled in a time when women experienced rather harsh subjugation.
What agricultural advances occurred in China post classically?
•Introduction of fast-ripening rice
•Improvement of irrigation
•The equal-field system
What is the Hajj?
The Muslim holy trip to Mecca that is to be taken at least once in one's lifetime
What is the equal field system?
The allocation of agricultural land
Upperclass urban women were forced to wear as a sign of modesty
What are institutions of higher education?
What is a Ka'ba
A Ka'ba is a cubed shaped building used for ritual practices.
Who was the cosmopolitan non conquering dynasty that also paired with the Byzantine Empire?
What were the 2 main problems with the Song Dynasty?
They rewarded bureaucrats heavily, pressuring the treasury, and their army was commanded by aristocrats who were untalented with commanding armies.
What is the native religion of the Japanese?
From whom did Muslims adopt the practice of veiling?
True or False: the Koreans fought a revolutionary war with the Chinese.
False, the Koreans peacefully agreed to become a vassal of China in exchange for withdrawal of military forces, and retained much of their independence.
Who is Haung Chao?
Rebel under the Tang Dynasty, he led rebellions for 10 years and eventually brought down the Tang.
What was foot binding?
In China girl's feet were bound at a young age stopping bone growth making them more dependent on their families and easier to control
Who was the leader of the rebellion against the Tang Dynasty?
Who was one of the most influential and well-known poets of the Tang Dynasty?
Where did fast ripening rice come from?
How did the tributary system work?
Neighboring countries would come to the court in China and offer gifts recognizing China as the supreme ruler and would receive gifts in return
started Tang empire, ruled Tang Dynasty 627-649, murdered brothers for throne, built capitol at Chang'an
Started rebellion against the Tang Dynasty in 755 AD
Who is Xuanzang?
He was a Buddhist monk in China who broke the law and left the country to travel to India and study Buddhism there.
What is the Sui Dynasty?
A dynasty founded by Yang Jian who was appointed to duke of Sui by a Turk and by 589, ruled all of China. Sui Yangdi (2nd emperor) built the Grand Canal.
What is the Grand Canal?
The grand canal was a canal built for (mostly) trade by Sui Yangdi across northern China.
What is the Tang Dynasty?
A dynasty characterized notably by their improvements to transportation and communication and equal-field land distribution system. They controlled the largest area in Chinese history. They hired Uighurs to suppress rebellions.
What culture created modern numerals?
India, but Europe discovered them through the Arabs
Who led the rebellion against the Tang Dynasty?
Who was the most influential poet of the Tang Dynasty?
What is the word meaning "struggle" mentally and physically in Islam?
Who did Muhammed marry at the age 25?