Flashcards in Unit Two-Group D- Individuals and Groups Deck (30):
created by missionaries to help convert illiterate slavic people to christianity.
Took control after Gupta fall
Known as a generous and tolerant ruler
Held together a loose connection of smaller states that disintegrated after his death
Mahmud of Ghazni
Led the Muslim turks into northern India.
Tried to destroy hindu and buddhist strongholds but was unsuccessful.
Rulers sent from the sultanate of Delhi established their own hindu rule.
Taught that Shiva, Vishnu and Allah were one diety
Created a codification of roman law "corpus irurus civilis"
Justinian wife who became his prize advisor
Italian monk who helped reform and unite all monasteries under Christianity
Missionary Created the Cyrillic alphabet which helped spread Byzantine ways and Christianity and is still used in parts of Russia today
Charles Martels grandson; led Caralingen empire to its high point
a weapon used by byzantine forces that was launched by fleets. It burned even on water so it was vey hazardous to wooden ships.
norse seafarers who turned their maritime skilss more towards raiding and plundering rather than trading or raising crops.
Name of location that turned into Constantinople, then Istanbul
Charlemagne's only surviving son. Not as good as a leader, lost control to local authorities. His sons fought and warred over territory and eventually divided into three sections.
Pope Leo III
Proclaimed Charlemagne to be the emperor in the year 800 while he was campaigning in Italy.
Prince Vladimir of Kiev
Converted to Christianity in 989 and ordered his ubjects to convert as well. His conversion allowed for Byzantine influence to spread throughout Russia.
St. Benedict's sister who influenced Benedictine rule through Western Europe and provided guidance for the religious life of women.
Caused monasteries to become much more influential in Byzantium by reforming discipline and a sense of purpose.
Pope Gregory I
Responsible for strengthening the position of the Pope, was a key leader of Rome, and emphasized the sacrament of penance.
Lived in area occupied by modern Cambodia, build capital of Ankor Thom (Hindu city), turned to Buddhism during 12th and 13th centuries, abandoned Ankor in 15th century after Thai invasions
Muslim mystics, appealed to wide audience through their sincerity and holiness, adapted Islam to meet peoples' needs
Hindu leaders, promoted caste system
Member of bhakati movement, blind weaver who taught that Shiva, Vishnu, and Allah all manifestations of single diety
Brahmin and vishnu devotee, taught that ultimate reality less important than connection with deity, inspired many devotional cults
Who denounced Roman pagans and pagan gods, and what did he do so in?
Saint Augustine in City of God
Name two things Justinian did while in power which caused people to criticize him.
He set up new offices solely to have the associated with his name, he had his own subjects looted and murdered, he caused other nations to hate each other, he gave money to the Huns that would attack the Empire and take people hostage
Who built the Hagia Sophia and why?
Justinian built it to replace the one that was destroyed by rioters and to impress visitors of Constantinople.
What Roman Emperor was praised for his piety and generosity?