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Flashcards in Chapter 21 Deck (75):
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Ibn Battuta

Charlie McClain

muslim traveler who provided guidance in the way of Islam to places that were newly converted. Was the Qadi of the Sultan of Delhi and the Maldive Islands

1

Marco Polo

Charlie McClain

Italian traveler who spent a lot of time in China and was very well-liked by the Great Khan who loved his storytelling. He worked for the Great Khan and wrote about all o his adventures.

2

Pope Innocent IV

Charlie McClain

Christian Europeans wanted to take back Jerusalem from the muslims so he sent envoys to the Mongols trying to convert them to Christianity and make an alliance to take down the muslims who were currently in Jerusalem

3

Rabban Sauma

Charlie McClain

a nestorian Christian priest who was born in the Mongol Capital but was of turkish ancestry, was sent as an envoy to the Pope and other European leaders by the Persian Ilkhanate. He did not succeed.

4

King Louis XI

Charlie McClain

King of France who maintained a permanent army of about 15000 troops after the bubonic plague

5

Marco Polo's homeland. Frequently fought with Genoa.

Roberts

Venice

6

Mongol capital where Rabban Sauma was born.

Roberts

Khanbaliq

7

During the little ice age, the Norse abandoned their colonies here that had existed since the tenth century.

Roberts

Greenland

8

This place strangely avoided the plague. Their population actually grew during the epidemics.

Roberts

India

9

Prosperous trading port city which was the hub of fur trade and was involved in the Hanseatic League.

Roberts

Novgorod

11

"Little Ice Age"

Rob Enright

around 1300 CE, shorter summers and longer winters in Northern Europe led to the decline in crop production, and eventually the Black Plague

12

sharia

Rob Enright

used by Ibn Battuta in his travel to strictly govern others

13

bubonic plague

Rob Enright

effect of the Little Ice Age; deadly disease that led to massive population declines, shortage of workers, and ended feudalism

14

Renaissance

Rob Enright

"rebirth" of classic culture, Italian artists use perspective in paintings; advancement of culture (especially art)

15

realism

Rob Enright

artists create more accurate depictions in their works (first nude pictures since the 13th century)

16

This killed a large portion of the indigenous population of the Americas.
(Max Parsa)

Disease pathogens brought from Europe.

17

Europeans imported this from China as a status symbol.
(Max Parsa)

Porcelain

18

This was invented by the Chinese, but used for weapons by the Europeans.
(Max Parsa)

Gunpowder

19

This kind of plantation was established by Europeans in Atlantic island groups.
(Max Parsa)

Sugarcane

20

The Dutch East India Company tried to establish a monopoly on this in eastern Asia.
(Max Parsa)

Spices

21

Dynasty that took over china after the collapse of the Yuan Dynasty


Peddicord

Ming dynasty

22

The mongol empire in China

Peddicord

Yuan Dynasty

23

Vast empire that protected trade along the silk road allowing trade to prosper

Peddicord

Mongol Empire

24

Empire in Rome, ruled over small area around the vatican

Peddicord

Holy Roman Empire

25

Which came first the Yuan or Ming Dynasty?

Peddicord

Yuan Dynasty

26

Songs and Stories - troubadours
European scientists consulted with Muslim and Jewish counterparts on understanding of natural world
The magnetic compass from China

Cultural Exchanges

Paul Kaster

27

Citrus fruits, Asian rice, cotton. Muslims introduce crystallized sugar to Europeans, demand increases rapidly

Spread of Crops

Paul Kaster

28

Conscripted labor to repair, rebuild irrigation systems
Promoted manufacturing of porcelain, silk
Cultural revival
Attempt to eradicate Mongol legacy by promoting traditional Chinese culture

Chinese Economic Recovery

Paul Kaster

29

Europe: regional states
Hundred years war: England VS France
Europe develops new taxes
Italian states: bonds
France: salt tax, sales tax
England: hearth tax, head tax, plow tax
Establish large standing armies

European Centralization

Paul Kaster

30

Dante - The Divine Comedy
Cervantes - Don Quixote
Shakespeare - English writer during the 1600’s, he focused on the joys and sorrows of human life.
Machiavelli - The Prince

Literary Achievements

Paul Kaster

31

Southern tip of Africa, Bartolomeu Dias was the first Portuguese sailor to pass this landmark.

Cape of Good Hope

Landon Ginther

32

Islands where Christopher Columbus first landed.

Bahamas

Landon Ginther

33

Piece of land regained from the Muslims by Spaniards during the reconquista.

Iberian Peninsula

Landon Ginther

34

The final city under Muslim control during the reconquista

Granada

Landon Ginther

35

City that Vasco da Gama initially traded with Indians for goods such as pepper and cinnamon.

Calicut

Landon Ginther

36

A place located in modern Malaysia, founded in the 1390s. Became the principal clearinghouse of trade in the eastern Indian Ocean.

Melaka

(Angus Pellant)

37

situated in Northern India. Was a powerful and important city of trade within India.

Delhi

(Angus Pellant)

38

Instigated merchant trade over seas all over the world, the first European power to travel by boat around to India and China for trade.

Portugal

(Angus Pellant)

39

Situated on the East African coast, De Gama stopped here shortly before continuing his voyage.

Kilwa

(Angus Pellant)

40

These islands discovered by the Portuguese, in the Atlantic, these islands were both uninhabited, until colonized by the Portuguese.

Madeiras and Azores Islands

(Angus Pellant)

41

Troubadours

Lennemann

drew on the poetry, music, and love songs of Muslim performers when developing the literature of courtly love

42

Hanseatic League

Lennemann

an association of trading cities stretching from Novgorod to London and embracing all the significant commercial centers of Poland, northern Germany, and Scandinavia

43

Humanists

Lennemann

humanist referred to scholars interested in the humanities—literature, history, and moral philosophy. Deeply devoted to Christianity

44

Scholastic theologians
(James Patterson)

People who worked to see how religion could be thought out with reason. Like St. Thomas Aquinas.

45

Hanseatic League (James Patterson)

a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and their market towns that dominated trade along the coast of Northern Europe

46

troubadors (James Patterson)

French medieval lyric poet on the theme of love

47

Christian Missionaries (james Patterson)

Ones who felt is was their duty to spread the Christian faith. Often sent by the church

48

Nestorian Christians (James Patterson)

Section of the church that originated in Asia

49

Sufi Missionaries

Lennemann

Muslim missionaries that prioritized spreading the general idea and less about the strict rules of Islam

50

Portuguese Fishermen

Lennemann

had a long tradition of seafaring in the stormy Atlantic Ocean

51

Ideology that all human ethnic groups belong to a single community based on a shared morality.

Cosmopolitanism

Jonathan Perry

52

A system involving trade items being given to one party from another as a sign of submission or allegiance.

Tributary System

Jonathan Perry

53

A permanent army/armies.

Standing Armies

Jonathan Perry

54

Objects decoratively covered with lacquer.

Lacquerware

Jonathan Perry

55

What were two reasons for Portugal going around Africa to get more involved in the Indian Ocean?

Asian silk and spices

Jonathan Perry

56

Portuguese sailor who sailed around the cape of good hope.

Vasco de Gama


McLeese

57

Italian merchant that traveled to China and spent 17 years there.

Marco Polo


McLeese

58

A Nestorian Christian sent as an envoy by the ilkhan of Persia to ally with Europe.

Rabban Sauma


McLeese

59

Muslim explorer who traveled throughout the Muslim world and served as a quadi in various courts

Ibn Battuta


McLeese

60

An Italian Franciscan who went to china in 1291

John of Montecorvino


McLeese

61

Navigational instrument that helped sailors during overseas trade

Magnetic Compass
(Ethan Packel)

62

Southern tip of Africa; held a key trade route to Asia

Cape of Good Hope
(Ethan Packel)

63

Main trade of Asia

Asian spice trade
(Ethan Packel)

64

Main private trading company in India

VOC
(Ethan Packel)

65

Crop that spread the fastest as an effect of overseas trade

Sugarcane
(Ethan Packel)

66

Rome
William Loper

Large city in italy and capitol of the Roman empire

67

Indian ocean
William Loper

Ocean off the coast of india containing the largest amountof trade in the world

68

Mecca
William Loper

Muslem Holy city

69

West african coast
William Loper

Slave trade occured here and europeans stopped when going around the cape of good hope

70

Moscow
William Loper

Capitol of russia and launching point for explorations.

71

Genoan sailor who intended to sail to India

Christopher Columbus


Evan Meyer

72

Venetian mariner who visited Kublai Khan during his ventures throughout Asia

Marco Polo


Evan Meyer

73

Portuguese explorer, first European know to have sailed around the southern tip of Africa

Bartolomeu Dias


Evan Meyer

74

Moroccan Muslim explorer who sailed as far as the eastern coast of China

Ibn Battuta


Evan Meyer

75

Italian painter, sculptor and scientist during the Renaissance era

Leonardo da Vinci


Evan Meyer