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Flashcards in Chapter 20 Deck (45):
0

Where is tenochtitlan



Gabe Andersson

Modern Day Mexico City, Mexico on Lake Texcoco, capital city of Aztec empire.

1

Where and what is lake texcoco




Gabe Andersson

The lake that Tenochtitlan was built on, in modern day mexico

2

Where is the American Southwest? What is it's importance




Gabe Andersson

Contains modern day arizona, new mexico, texas, the people native to that land were the pueblo people who sometimes traded with the Mexica people

3

Hawaiian Islands




Gabe Andersson

A group of Polynesian islands in the pacific ocean, native islanders are the Hawaiian people.

4

Andes Mountains



Gabe Andersson

Mountain range in south america that goes down almost the entire western coast of South America. lots of People of the inca empire called cities built in the andes home

5

Temples

Anthony Gurera

Temples are a place of worship. Where prayer, sacrifice, and tribute are paid.

6

State Storehouses

Anthony Gurera

A warehouse in which governments would hold taxes from workers and use this storage to support those in need.

7

Sweet potatoes

Anthony Gurera

A crop that can be directly linked to the migration of Polynesians

8

Tribute

Anthony Gurera

A system used both by the Incas and Aztecs which helped the rise of both empires. These ways helped subdue and control their population

9

Maize

Anthony Gurera

The pueblos and Navajos relied primarily on this food. cousin of corn

10

What countries are included in Oceania?


Murphy

Australia, New Zealand, Micronesia, + Polynesia

11

What was built at Nan Madol?


Murphy

Massive stone palace and administrative center.

12

What empire was the city of Tula a part of?


Murphy

The Toltecs

13

What was at Cahokia?


Murphy

Large mounds that show the population of some mound-building people.

14

Cuzco was the capital of which empire?


Murphy

Incan

15

what is another name for the Aztecs

Gamble

Mexica

16

what are the native nomadic peoples of Australia called

Gamble

Aboriginal peoples

17

Nation of north american native american tribes

Gamble

Iroquois Nations

18

What native american group outlived the Aztec nation and came to dominance mostly after the decline of the Aztecs in Mexico?

Gamble

Mayans

19

the most prominent group of native people in South American History; they presided in the Andean highlands and the pacific coast

Gamble

Incas

20

Area New Zealand travelers went to


Henry Waldenmeyer

Hawaiian islands

21

Capital of Chimu


Waldenmeyer

Chan'chan

22

Capital of Inca empire


Waldenmeyer

Cuzco

23

Capital of Aztec empire


Waldenmeyer

Tenochtitlan

24

Mound structure. Center of trade for Iroquois people


Waldenmeyer

Cahokia

25

Who made up the triple alliance?
Nulton

The Mexica, texcoco, and tlacopan

26

A rich and fertile muck was taken from the bottom of the lake and put into agricultural land plots called what?
Nulton

Chinampas

27

Mexica community groups
Sam Nulton

Calpulli

28

Incan mnemonic aid comprised of colored strings and knots
Nulton

Quipu

29

Ceremonial temple structures in pacific societies
Nulton

Marae (heiau)

30

What vegetable was important for the Maori population of New Zealand because they could not grow staple crops in their conditions?
CATENACCI

Sweet Potatos

31

The pacific oceana had what form of social structure when the Europeans arrived?
CATENACCI

Hierarchical Social Structure

32

What was one major motive for voyages in the Oceania?
CATENACCI

Overpopulation

33

In the pacific islands they established well organized agricultural society and what?
CATENACCI

Chiefly States

34

What was stocked in state storehouses?
CATENACCI

Agricultural surpleses and craft products such as textiles

35

Who were the Maori.

Brain

The Aboriginal peoples of New Zealand

36

Who were the Pueblo?

Brain

An Native American people in the Southwestern US. Noted for multistoried adobe houses.

37

Who were the Navajo?

Brain

An American Indian tribe, also of the Southwestern US. Especially of Arizona and New Mexico.

38

Who were the Polynesians?

Brain

People of Polynesia - region of thousands of islands in the Southern Pacific Ocean.

39

Who were the Chavin or Chavín?

Brain

The Chavín were a civilization that developed in the northern Andean highlands of Peru from 900 BC to 200 BC and expanded along the coast.

40

A way to please the gods involving multiple ceremonies and rituals which accommodate this central religion feature

Human sacrifice


Oliver Hutchison

41

Talking knots; Incan way of recording things and statistics; different colored strings with knots on them which represent the base ten units

Quipu


Oliver Hutchison

42

A major economic material- used as early currency; volcanic "glass"

Obsidian


Oliver Hutchison

43

Universal in gender, political status, religion; set of laws for the ancient Hawaiian code of conduct of laws and regulations.

Kapu


Oliver Hutchison

44

Ali'i nui


Oliver Hutchison

Governmental authorities, more specifically the supreme ruler of ancient Hawai'i. Each island had its own.