Flashcards in Unit One- Group B Deck (32):
What is the hajj?
The hajj is the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca if you are financially able to
What are the five pillars of Islam?
1. Muslims mush recognize Allah as the only god and Muhammad as his prophet
2. Muslims must pray daily while facing Mecca
3. They must observe a fast during the daylight hours of the month of Ramadan
4. They must contribute alms for the relief of the weak and poor
5. In honor of Muhammad's visit to Mecca , those who are physically and financially able, must undertake the hajj and make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca
What city did the Abbasid's create as their capital?
The city of Baghdad (modern day capital of Iraq)
What is the hajj?
The hajj is the holy pilgrimage to Mecca.
What does Umma mean
community of the faithful
What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
1. Muslims must acknowledge Allah as the only god and Muhammed as his prophet. 2. They must pray to Allah daily while facing Mecca. 3. They must fast during the daylight hours of the month of Ramadan. 4. They must give alms to the poor. 5. Those who are physically and financially able must undertake the hajj and make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca. (Jonathan Perry)
Who succeeded Muhammed? What was his title?
Abu Bakr and his title was Caliph.
What is dar al-islam?
Dar al-islam is/are the places where Islam is the predominant religion.
What was the Hijra?
Muhammad's move to Medina and the starting point of the Islamic calendar. (By Mitch)
What is the sharia?
Islamic holy law. It contained social and ethical values derived from Islamic religious principles. (By Mitch)
How did the Shia sect emerge?
Those belonging to the Shia sect broke off because they believed that Ali should succeed Muhammad as caliph instead of Abu Bakr. (By Mitch)
Who was Abu al-Abbas?
He led the rebellion against the Umayyads that helped to establish the Abbasid dynasty. (By Mitch)
What are madrasas?
They were institutions of higher education that began to appear in major Islamic cities around the twelfth century. (By Mitch)
When was the Southern Song Dynasty created?
It was created after the Jin Empire claimed the northern part of the original Song Empire; it was called the Southern Song because it was based in the Southern part of the original Song Empire (Ethan Packel)
Who was the most influential female ruler of the Tang Dynasty?
Wu Zhao; brutal leader who greatly improved the civil service system (Ethan Packel)
What was the most influential project of the Sin Dynasty?
The Grand Canal; integrated the economies of northern and southern China (Ethan Packel)
Who led the rebellion that ended the Tang Dynasty?
An Lushan; turning point: the capturing of Chang'An (Ethan Packel)
Who initiated the rebellion for the Uighers in East China?
Huang Chao; pillaged the wealthy and redistributed to the poor ( Ethan Packel)
What governmental effect did China have on Japan
A stronger centralized governmet - Ryan
Who was emperor of the Song Dynasty
Song Taizu - Ryan
Traveled to India to translate Buddhist scripts to bring back to china - Ryan
What was the biggest transportation path in China (North to South)
The Grand Canal - Ryan
A powerful deity in Islam. A rock.
Ka'ba - Ryan
Who did the Shia Muslims want to be as the Caliph
What is the Quran?
A book of all of Muhammad's teachings
Who was the most important representative of the Song neo-Confucianism religion?
What is the capital of the Southern Song dynasty in the late thirteenth century?
This Chinese practice involved wrapping young girls' feet in order to change the size of the foot to be more attractive.
What white and shiny substance was a staple in Chinese manufacturing in the Tang and Song Dynasties?
What powdered substance gave rise to primitative bombs and the "fire lances" used by the Chinese military?