Chapter 29 - Burns Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 29 - Burns Deck (8)
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1

burn sheet

commercially prepared sterile, particle free, disposable sheet used to cover the entire body in severe burn injuries.

2

circumferential burn

burn that encircles a body area (e.g., arm, leg, or chest).

3

eschar

the hard, tough, leathery dead soft tissue formed as a result of a full thickness burn.

4

full thickness burn

burn that involves all the layers of the skin and can extend beyond the subcutaneous layer into the muscle, bone, or organs below; also called third degree burn.

5

partial thickness burn

burn that involves the epidermis and portions of the dermis; also called a second degree burn.

6

rule of nines

standardized format to quickly identify the amount of skin or body surface area (BSA) that has been burned.

7

rule of ones

the concept that the area of a patients palm is equal to about 1% of his body surface area (BSA); a way to quickly identify the amount of skin or body surface area that has been burned. Also called the rule of palms.

8

superficial burn

burn that involves only the epidermis, also called a first degree burn.