Flashcards in Chapter 18 - Altered Mental Status, Stroke, and Headache Deck (11)
altered mental status
a variation from normal function of the minds judged by a persons behavior, appearance, speech, memory, judgement, or responsiveness to stimuli; altered mental status may range from disorientation to total unresponsiveness or unconsciousness.
an unconscious state in which a person does not respond to any stimulus, including pain.
a type of ischemic stroke caused by plaque or other material that lodges in a blocks a cerebral artery.
a stroke caused by rupture of a blood vessel in the brain that allows blood to leak and collect in or around the brain tissue.
a stroke caused by a clot obstructing a blood vessel in the brain, resulting in an inadequate amount of blood being delivered to a portion of the brain distal to the blocked vessel.
any deficiency in the nervous systems functioning, typically exhibited as a motor, sensory, or cognitive deficit.
non traumatic brain injury
a medical injury to the brain that is not caused by external trauma. Stroke is an example of a non traumatic brain injury.
reticular activating system (RAS)
a network of specialized nerve cells within the brainstem that controls states of arousal and consciousness including wakefulness, attentiveness, and sleep.
a sudden disruption in blood flow to the brain that results in brain cells damage. Blood flow might be interrupted by a ruptured artery or blocked by a clot or other foreign matter in an artery that supplies the brain.
a type of ischemic stroke caused by a stationary clot that forms in and blocks a cerebral artery.