Chapter 37 - Obstetrics and Care of the Newborn Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 37 - Obstetrics and Care of the Newborn Deck (37)
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1

afterbirth

the placenta and other tissues that are expelled after the delivery of the fetus.

2

amniotic sac

a thin, transparent membrane that forms the sac that holds the fetus suspended in amniotic fluid. Also called bag of waters.

3

antepartum

the period of pregnancy prior to the onset of labor.

4

bloody show

the mucus and blood that are expelled from the vagina as labor begins.

5

breech birth

a common abnormality of delivery in which the fetal buttocks or both lower extremities are low in the uterus and are the first to be delivered.

6

cervix

the neck of the uterus.

7

crowning

the stage in delivery when the fetal head presents at the vagina.

8

fallopian tubes

thin, flexible structures that extend from the uterus to the ovaries. Also called uterine tubes.

9

fetus

the child in the uterus from the third month of pregnancy to birth; prior to that time it is called an embryo.

10

intrapartum

the period of time from the onset of labor to delivery of the infant.

11

labor

the physiologic process by which the fetus is expelled from the uterus into the vagina and then to the outside of the body. Also called childbirth.

12

limb presentation

an abnormal obstetric presentation when and arm or single leg is the first fetal part to protrude from the vaginal opening.

13

meconium staining

a greenish or brownish yellow staining of the amniotic fluid, caused by a fetal bowel movement resulting from distress.

14

miscarriage

without apparent cause, the termination of a pregnancy before the fetus reaches the stage of viability, generally before the 20th week of pregnancy. Also called spontaneous abortion.

15

multiple birth

the delivery of more than one baby during a single birth, for example twins or triplets.

16

neonate

a child from birth to 1 month of age.

17

nuchal cord

an umbilical cord that is wrapped around the infants neck during the delivery.

18

obstetric

having to do with pregnancy or childbirth.

19

ovaries

the female gonads or sex glands.

20

perineum

the area of skin between a females vagina and anus.

21

placenta

the fetal organ through which the fetus exchanges nourishment and waste products during pregnancy.

22

postmaturity syndrome

condition that occurs during pregnancy when gestation of the fetus extends beyond 42 weeks, leading reduced oxygen and nutrient delivery to the fetus. See also postterm pregnancy.

23

postpartum

the period following delivery of the infant.

24

postpartum hemorrhage

the loss of greater than 500 mL of blood following delivery of the infant.

25

postterm pregnancy

gestation of the fetus that extends beyond 42 weeks. See also postmaturity syndrome.

26

precipitous delivery

birth of the fetus after less than 3 hours of labor.

27

pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH)

in a pregnant woman, a blood pressure greater than 140/90 mmHg on two or more occasions at least 6 hours apart, or an increase from pre pregnancy of greater than 30 mmHg in systolic pressure and greater than 15 mmHg in diastolic pressure.

28

premature infant

an infant weighing less than 5 pounds, or an infant born before its 38th week of gestation.

29

premature rupture of membranes (PROM)

spontaneous rupture of the amniotic sac prior to the onset of true labor and before the end of the 37th week of gestation.

30

preterm labor

labor that occurs after the 20th but prior to the 37th week of gestation. Also called premature labor.