Flashcards in Chapter 23 - Abdominal, Hematologic, Gynecologic, Genitourinary, and Renal Emergencies Deck (41)
a portion of the descending aorta that extends from the thoracic portion of the aorta to the distal point where the aorta divides into the iliac arteries. Arteries branching from the abdominal aorta supply the abdominal organs.
abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)
a weakened, ballooned, and enlarged area of the wall of the abdominal aorta.
the space located below the diaphragm that extends to the top of the pelvis.
a sharp, severe abdominal pain with rapid onset. Acute abdomen can have a number of causes. Also called acute abdominal distress.
inflammation of the appendix.
inflammation of the gallbladder.
a special fluid used for dialysis.
an artificial process used to remove water and waste substances from the blood when the kidneys fail to function properly.
severe pain or cramps during menstruation.
the condition in which endometrial tissue grown outside of the uterus.
inflammation of the endometrium.
bulging, engorgement, or weakening of the blood vessels in the lining of the lower part of the esophagus.
inflammation of the stomach and small intestine.
male organ system that includes both the reproductive and the urinary structures.
a position generally assumed by patients with acute abdominal pain with knees drawn up and hands clenched over the abdomen.
branch of medicine that studies health of the female patient and her reproductive system.
vomiting of blood.
bright red blood in the stool.
blood in the urine.
protrusion or thrusting forward of a portion of the intestine through an opening or weakness in the abdominal wall.
blockage that interrupts the normal flow of intestinal contents.
abdominal wall muscle contraction caused by inflammation or the peritoneum that the patient cannot control. Also called rigidity.
a test for the presence of peritonitis in which the patent stands on his toes, then drops to his heals, or in which the heels are struck together or struck on the bottom. The jarring of the torso will elicit pain when the peritoneal linings are inflamed. Also called the heel drop test.
dark tarry stools containing decomposing blood normally from the upper gastrointestinal system.
onset of menses.
menstrual period in which the endometrium is sloughed off.
abdominopelvic pain during the middle of a menstrual cycle that is associated with ovulation.
inflammation of the pancreas.
localized, intense, sharp, constant pain associated with irritation of the peritoneum. Also called somatic pain.