Chapter 23 - Abdominal, Hematologic, Gynecologic, Genitourinary, and Renal Emergencies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 23 - Abdominal, Hematologic, Gynecologic, Genitourinary, and Renal Emergencies Deck (41)
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1

abdominal aorta

a portion of the descending aorta that extends from the thoracic portion of the aorta to the distal point where the aorta divides into the iliac arteries. Arteries branching from the abdominal aorta supply the abdominal organs.

2

abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)

a weakened, ballooned, and enlarged area of the wall of the abdominal aorta.

3

abdominal cavity

the space located below the diaphragm that extends to the top of the pelvis.

4

acute abdomen

a sharp, severe abdominal pain with rapid onset. Acute abdomen can have a number of causes. Also called acute abdominal distress.

5

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix.

6

cholecystitis

inflammation of the gallbladder.

7

dialysate

a special fluid used for dialysis.

8

dialysis

an artificial process used to remove water and waste substances from the blood when the kidneys fail to function properly.

9

dysmenorrhea

severe pain or cramps during menstruation.

10

endometriosis

the condition in which endometrial tissue grown outside of the uterus.

11

endometritis

inflammation of the endometrium.

12

esophageal varices

bulging, engorgement, or weakening of the blood vessels in the lining of the lower part of the esophagus.

13

gastroenteritis

inflammation of the stomach and small intestine.

14

genitourinary system

male organ system that includes both the reproductive and the urinary structures.

15

guarded position

a position generally assumed by patients with acute abdominal pain with knees drawn up and hands clenched over the abdomen.

16

gynecology

branch of medicine that studies health of the female patient and her reproductive system.

17

hematemesis

vomiting of blood.

18

hematochezia

bright red blood in the stool.

19

hematuria

blood in the urine.

20

hernia

protrusion or thrusting forward of a portion of the intestine through an opening or weakness in the abdominal wall.

21

intestinal obstruction

blockage that interrupts the normal flow of intestinal contents.

22

involuntary guarding

abdominal wall muscle contraction caused by inflammation or the peritoneum that the patient cannot control. Also called rigidity.

23

Markle test

a test for the presence of peritonitis in which the patent stands on his toes, then drops to his heals, or in which the heels are struck together or struck on the bottom. The jarring of the torso will elicit pain when the peritoneal linings are inflamed. Also called the heel drop test.

24

melena

dark tarry stools containing decomposing blood normally from the upper gastrointestinal system.

25

menarche

onset of menses.

26

menses

menstrual period in which the endometrium is sloughed off.

27

mittelschmerz

abdominopelvic pain during the middle of a menstrual cycle that is associated with ovulation.

28

pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas.

29

parietal pain

localized, intense, sharp, constant pain associated with irritation of the peritoneum. Also called somatic pain.

30

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

inflammation of the female reproductive tract.