Chapter 30 - Musculoskeletal Trauma and Nontraumatic Fractures Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 30 - Musculoskeletal Trauma and Nontraumatic Fractures Deck (9)
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1

compartment syndrome

a condition in which increased tissue pressure in a confined space causes decreased blood flow, leading to hypoxia and possible muscle, nerve, and vessel impairment, which may be permanent if the cells die.

2

crepitus

the sound or feel of broken bone grinding against each other. Also called crepitation.

3

direct force

direct blow. Injuries from direct force occur at the point of impact.

4

indirect force

a force that causes injury some distance away from the point of impact.

5

nontraumatic fracture

a broken bone resulting from a disease that causes degeneration and dramatic weakening of the bone, making it prone to fracture. Also called pathologic fracture.

6

osteoporosis

a degenerative bone disorder associated with an accelerated loss of minerals, primarily calcium, from the bone.

7

parasthesia

a prickling or tingling feeling that indicates some loss of sensation.

8

splint

any device used to immobilize a body part.

9

twisting force

a force that twists a bone while one end is held stationary.