Chapter 38 - Pediatrics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 38 - Pediatrics Deck (17):
1

abuse

causing deliberate harm to another person. See also emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse.

2

adolescent

a child 12 to 18 years of age.

3

compensated respiratory distress

increased respiratory effort caused by impaired respiratory function.

4

decompensated respiratory failure

when the respiratory compensatory mechanisms have begun to fail and respiration becomes inadequate.

5

early respiratory distress

increased respiratory effort caused by impaired respiratory function.

6

emotional abuse

when one person shames, ridicules, embarrasses, or insults another so as to damage the victims self esteem.

7

fontanelle

the "soft spot" on an infants head where the bony plates of the skull have not yet fused together. The fontanelle allows the head to pass through the birth canal during delivery and to expand during development.

8

infant

a child from 1 month to 1 year of age. See also neonate.

9

neglect

the provision of insufficient attention or respect to someone who has a claim to that attention.

10

neonate

a child from birth to 1 month of age.

11

physical abuse

improper or excessive action taken so as to injure or cause bodily harm.

12

preschooler

a child of 3 to 6 years of age.

13

respiratory arrest

complete stoppage of breathing. Also called apnea.

14

school age child

a child 6 to 12 years of age.

15

sexual abuse

the involvement of a child in sexual activities for the gratification of an older or more powerful person.

16

sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

the sudden and unexpected death of an infant or young child in which an autopsy fails to identify the cause of death. SIDS typically occurs while the infant is asleep.

17

toddler

a child 1 to 3 years of age.