Chapter 19 - Seizures and Syncope Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 - Seizures and Syncope Deck (8)
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1

aura

an unusual sensory sensation that may precede a seizure episode by hours or only a few seconds

2

convulsion

unresponsiveness accompanied by a generalized jerky muscle movement affecting the entire body

3

epilepsy

a medical disorder characterized by recurrent seizures

4

generalized tonic-clonic seizure

a common type of seizure that produces unresponsiveness and a convulsion that exhibits generalized jerky muscle activity. Also known as a grand mal seizure.

5

postictal state

the recovery period that follows the clonic phase of a generalized seizure. In a postictal state the patient commonly appears weak, exhausted, confused, and disoriented and progressively improves.

6

seizure

a sudden and temporary alteration in the mental status caused by massive electrical discharge in a group of nerve cells in the brain

7

status epilepticus

a seizure lasting longer than 5 minutes of seizures that occur consecutively without a period of responsiveness between them. This is a serous medical emergency that may be life threatening.

8

sycope

a brief period of unresponsiveness caused by a lack of blood flow to the brain; fainting