Chapter 25 - Submersion Incidents: Drowning and Diving Emergencies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 25 - Submersion Incidents: Drowning and Diving Emergencies Deck (5)
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1

drowning

an incident in which someone is submerged or immersed in a liquid that prevents the person from breathing air and that results in a primary respiratory impairment, whether the person lives or dies after this process.

2

dysbarism

a medical condition that results from pressure changes that occur when a person descends in water or ascends in altitude.

3

gastric distention

inflation of the stomach.

4

mammalian diving reflex

the body's natural response to submersion in cold water in which breathing is inhibited, the heart rate decreases, and blood vessels constrict in order to maintain cerebral and cardiac blood flow.

5

surfactant

a substance responsible for maintaining surface tension the alveoli.