Chapter 4- Roman Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4- Roman Deck (55):
1

early settlers of Rome along the Tiber River that became known as Romans

Latins

2

who conquered the Latins in 600 B.C.

Etruscans

3

When did the Roman empire begin

when the Latins conquered the Etruscans in 509 B.C.

4

government where citizens vote and choose their leaders

republic

5

wealthy landowners

patricians

6

everyone else; middle class

plebians

7

300 patricians; governed Rome; Elite group
Term for life

Senate

8

first written code of law in Rome

twelve tables of Law (451 B.C.)

9

people who ______________ had to serve in the Roman army.

owned land

10

composed of 6,000 soldiers
minimum of 1,000
sub-divided; move to other areas

legion

11

Punic wars were between

Rome and Carthage

12

Rival trade city of Rome in North Africa

Carthage

13

Which punic war did Rome win a naval victory in ?

1st Punic War

14

which punic war did Rome get Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica?

1st Punic War

15

Which Punic war was when the Roman army attacked Carthage?

2nd Punic War

16

Which Punic war did Rome get Spain?

2nd Punic War

17

Motto in third Punic War

Carthago est Decanda (Carthage must be destroyed)

18

which Punic War did the Roman army decimate Carthage

3rd Punic War

19

quote made after the 3rd punic war

Carthaginian Peace
You annihilate your enemy to where they can not recover; nothing left for them

20

Members of the 1st Triumvirate

Caesar
Pompey- Roman general
Marcus Crassus- Weak of 3

21

In the 1st triumvirate there was a power struggle between

Caesar and Pompey

22

At the Rubicon River who was given an ultimatum

Caesar

23

What was the ultimatum given to Caesar?

Return to Rome without your army

24

what did Caesar do?

comes back to Rome with army; defeats Pompey's army.

25

what does "Crossing the Rubicon" mean

make the final decision; not turning back

26

Close friend of of Caesar; Co-conspirator of Caesar's death

Brutus

27

Julius Caesar's last words

"Et Tu Brute"
why you brutus? ; ultimate betrayal by friends

28

Ides of March (march 15, 44 B.C.

Death of Julius Caesar

29

members of the 2nd Triumvirate.

Octavian- Heir/ Grand nephew to Caesar
Marc Antony- Roman general
Marcus Lepidas- Weakest

30

1st objective of the second triumvirate

Capture and try Caesar's murderers.

31

power struggle of the 2nd triumvirate between

Octavian and Marc Antony

32

Marc Antony allies with _______ ?

Cleopatra
(queen of Egypt)

33

In the battle of Actium in 31 B.C.

Octavian defeats Antony and Cleopatra

34

In 27 B.C. Senate gives to Octavian the title of ______?

Augustus

35

"Exalted one"

First Roman emperor

36

Roman peace
period of peace and prosperity

Pax Romana

37

Allows Augustus to be commander in chief of the army.

Imperator.

38

Blending of Greek and Roman

Greco-Roman

39

Brought water from the country side to the cities

Aqueducts

40

Major road way to move trade and troops

appian Way

41

Massive structure

Colosseum

42

The colosseum held

gladiator events; wild animal events' mock naval battles
reenacted military battles
guy who designed Colosseum never got to see the finished product

43

Claims against Roman citizens

Civil Law

44

Applied to foreigners

Law of nations

45

Other people could worship any way the pleased. Although, other people had to recognize the Roman emperor as a divine being

Religious toleration of Roman Emperor

46

What did the Christians do to defy Roman authority

Would not worship the emperor as a god like figure.

47

Jesus considered trouble maker; claimed to be messiah

reaction of roman officials

48

Christians viewed as _____

scapegoat
blame everything on them

49

ordered Jesus to be put to death by crucifixtion

Pontius Pilate
Pilate means governor

50

gave religious toleration to the Christians

Edict of Milan
373 A.D.

51

When did Christianity become official religion of the empire

395 B.C.

52

Why did Germanic Invasions happen on Rome

Germans looking for better climate and farmland

53

who defeated the Roman army in 344 A.D.

Visgoths

54

who was the first German born Roman emperor

Odacer
476 A.D.

55

Eastern half of empire survives another ______
(Byzatine Empire)

1,000 years.