Chapter 3 Test Flashcards Preview

World History > Chapter 3 Test > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Test Deck (72):
1

Greek island where the civilization flourished; hard to attack

Crete

2

King at the height of Greek civilization

King Minos

3

Palace city of King Minos

Knossos

4

Southern Greece

Peloponnesus

5

Thriving port city in Greece

Mycenae

6

Sea trade was a _____ for Mycenae

Major economic activity

7

Epic poems written by Homer; gave an account of the Trojan War

Iliad and Odyseey

8

blind and deaf

Homer

9

Tells about the war itself; grisly fighting

Iliad

10

Odyseus (Trojan warrior) ; account of he and his soldiers going back home.

Odyssey

11

a city state that was built on a hill top

Polis

12

Two leading city states

Sparta and Athens

13

Hill top fortress

Acropolis

14

Mass participation; type of democratic government

Direct Democracy

15

privileged land owners; minority; select few

Aristocracy

16

couldn't pay taxes; sell yourself into slavery to pay off your debt ;poor people

Debt slavery

17

Heavily armed foot soldiers

Phalana

18

Ruler who takes over by force

Tyrant

19

Draco's _______ was very harsh; failure

code of law

20

an assembly of citizens who come together to make decisions; during Pisistratus Rule

council of 400

21

Increased from 400 to 500

council of 500

22

Temporary exile from the city (10 years). ; If a person is judged to be a threat then you are removed.

ostracism

23

What was Sparta's government

Dual Monarchy (2 Kings)

24

advisory body to the king

council of elders

25

a group of people who direct daily life; monitor on a daily basis in the Spartan society

Ephor

26

Slaves/ prisoners of war. Outnumbered Spartans from 20 to 1

Helots

27

Young boy taken out of barracks at night; hooded; taken to wilderness; no food; little clothing; no water; no weapons; MUST make it back ALIVE.

Young boy has to kill a slave without anyone knowing.

Rite of Passage

28

2 types of people had tombstones on their burial site in the Spartan society

A warrior that died in battle

A woman that died during childbirth

29

How the Spartans decide whether a child should live

New born to be judged; If judged weak then newborn taken out of society.

30

Ruler during Greek's golden age

Pericles

31

Trading organization among the Greek states

Delian League

32

Socrates's motto

Know Thyself

33

method of questioning; to arrive at the truth

Socratic method

34

1 notable thing that Socrates is known for

he accepted his punishment; You've got to follow the rules of the state.

35

school founded by Plato

The Academy

36

Book by Plato that describes an ideal society

The Republic

37

This book by Plato has 3 classes

workers-provide necessities
warriors- defend/ protect
philosophers - Rulers

38

Scientific Academy founded by Aristotle

Lyceum

39

510 B.C.; Longest empire in the world

Persian

40

was a Greek city-state that rebelled against the Persians

499 B.C. Miletus

41

King of Persia

Darius

42

Geek victory over the persians

Marathon

43

Was the Greek runner that ran back to Athens, telling of the victory. After delivering the news he collapsed and died.

Pheidippides

44

Son of Darius; Demands that Greek surrender; New Persian king

Xerxes

45

The mountain pass defended by the Spartan force of 300

Thermopylae

46

Spartan General

Leonidas

47

Athenian navy destroys Persian fleet in what battle?

Saldmis

48

Final battle; Greek victory over Persians

Plataea

49

Greek Like culture

Hellenistic Culture

50

Mixture of Greek and Roman culture; Greco-Roman; for the Hellenistic culture

civilization

51

Alexander the Great inherits his father's kingdom at the age of __

20

52

Port city in Egypt (gateway to Mediterranean)

Alexandria

53

Former slave known for his fables ; Tortoise and the Hare

Aesop

54

Created the fundamentals for modern geometry

Euclid

55

Father of History; Factually recorded history

Herodotus

56

Father of Medicine; principles of modern medicine

Hippocrates

57

developed universal theory; stated earth at the center of the universe

ptolemy

58

an engineer, physician, mathematician; statement: Lever big enough, I could move the Earth

archimedes

59

Pythagoras

Pythagorean Theorem

60

Stressed that moderation and all things could make us happy.

Epicurus

61

Various Greek speaking people formed ______ in the 800's

city-states

62

the two most important Greek city-states were ____ and ____

Athens and Sparta

63

Two great epic poems, the ____ and the ______ written by ______ give an early glimpse of Greek history

iliad
Odyssey
homer

64

the Greeks held Olympic/athletic contests in honor of Gods. the most famous were held at ____ in honor of ____

Olympia
Zeus

65

by 600's B.C. , struggles for control of city-states began between ____ and ________________

landowners
soldiers and aristocrats

66

many city states adopted the idea that people could and should __________

rule themselves

67

around 507 B.C., Cleisthenes overthrew the ______ (rulers) and created a ______

direct democracy

68

in the 400's B.C. , Persian king _____ and his son _______ tried to conquer mainladn Greece

Darius I
Xerxes

69

in 431 B.C., _____ led the other city- states against ______ in the devastating ______ which ______ had to surrender

Sparta
Athens
Peloponnesian war

70

_______ taught that disease comes from natural causes, not as punishment from the Gods.

Hippocrates

71

______ established a way of learning through questioning that is now called the ____________

Socrates
Socratic Method

72

a new civilization often called ________ (meaning ______) developed in areas ruled by Alexander the Great.

Hellenistic
Greek like