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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Section 1 Deck (23):
1

series of military expeditions to regain the holy land

the crusades

2

the holy land was known as

Palestine

3

Muslims of east Asia were known as

Seljuk Turks

4

Meeting that Pope called about the start of the crusade and how we should take the Holy land

Council of Clermont

5

the pope that called the council of clermont

Pope Urban II

6

60,000 volunteers to fight against the turks

Crusaders

7

symbol worn by Crusader to identify themselves

Take Up Cross

8

3 promises made to those if fought in crusades

adventure- new land; new people
you die in battle = salvation
wealth; riches <- did not happen

9

City captured by Crusaders in the 1st Crusade

Jerusalem

10

Muslim leader in the third crusade

Saladin

11

In the 4th Crusade, merchants of Venice Italy did what?

persuaded crusaders to attack Constantinople

12

center of Eastern Orthodox church; rival city to Venice

Constantinople

13

Constantinople taken by Crusader; Crusaders were excommunicated in what year of the 4th crusade

1204

14

An army of children marched toward holy land
thousands were captured and sold into slavery

Children's Crusade-1212

15

Overall objective of the crusades

control the holy land

16

was the Crusades successful in the Christians perspective.

No; Failure
only 1st crusade was successful.

17

Political change as a result of the crusades was what

European Kings regain their authority.

18

Loaning money for very high intrest

Usury

19

merchants pay for goods in distant cities without having to carry large amounts of money.

Bills of Exchange

20

______; not property determine one's social status.

Wealth

21

Holy roman emperor during the 3rd crusade

Frederick Barbarosa

22

King of England during the 3rd crusade

Richard Lion Hearth

23

King of France during the 3rd crusade.

Philip II