Flashcards in Chapter 5 Section 1 Deck (23):
series of military expeditions to regain the holy land
the holy land was known as
Muslims of east Asia were known as
Meeting that Pope called about the start of the crusade and how we should take the Holy land
Council of Clermont
the pope that called the council of clermont
Pope Urban II
60,000 volunteers to fight against the turks
symbol worn by Crusader to identify themselves
Take Up Cross
3 promises made to those if fought in crusades
adventure- new land; new people
you die in battle = salvation
wealth; riches <- did not happen
City captured by Crusaders in the 1st Crusade
Muslim leader in the third crusade
In the 4th Crusade, merchants of Venice Italy did what?
persuaded crusaders to attack Constantinople
center of Eastern Orthodox church; rival city to Venice
Constantinople taken by Crusader; Crusaders were excommunicated in what year of the 4th crusade
An army of children marched toward holy land
thousands were captured and sold into slavery
Overall objective of the crusades
control the holy land
was the Crusades successful in the Christians perspective.
only 1st crusade was successful.
Political change as a result of the crusades was what
European Kings regain their authority.
Loaning money for very high intrest
merchants pay for goods in distant cities without having to carry large amounts of money.
Bills of Exchange
______; not property determine one's social status.
Holy roman emperor during the 3rd crusade
King of England during the 3rd crusade
Richard Lion Hearth