Flashcards in The Islamic World Deck (69):
desert nomads/ herders
title of the Bedouins leader
founder of Islamic faith
Known as the last prophet god spoke to
2nd world religion- 1.5 billion
angel that came to speak to Muhammed
felt Muhammed was threatening their livelihood. Ran him out of town
Business Men Object
one true god of Islam
open yourself, or give yourself to Allah
submit to Allah
Muhammed flees to this city
Medina; Yathrib; city of the prophet.
Hegira means (630 A.D.)
Muhammed's return to Mecca, wages war, takes control of the city. (630 A.D.).
Return to Mecca
contains sacred texts, hymns, holy book , and law book
name of the religion founded by Muhammed
follower; believer of the Faith
holy shrine of the Islamic world; singular black onix
To defend the faith
Fight those who do not believe in allah till the last day.
If die in battle (holy war)
1. Profession of the Faith; individual must acknowledge Allah as one true god, and Muhammed as the prophet.
2.pray 5 times a day, always facing Mecca.
3.Obligated to pay zakat.= tax going to charity
4. Asked to fast during Ramadan- holy month
5. At least one time in their lifetime they will pilgrimage to Mecca.
The five Pillars of Islam
The founder of the _____ religion on the Arabian Peninsula changed and united the Arab World.
Arab Nomads called ______ herded sheep and camels because they could not grow crops in desert
Muhammed and his followers settled in the town of Yathrib in 622 AD and the journey from mecca to this city is known as _____
the merchant rulers in Mecca did not like Muhammed's teaching for they feared that pilgrims would stop coming to Mecca to worship at the _____, a stone building filled with idols
in order to remind Muslims of the importance of self discipline, dependence on the creator and the feelings of the poor, many believers fast during the holy month of ______
The buildings where Muslims worship are called ____, and have no furnishings or images of people.
the _____ or the "struggle to defend the faith" is very important to Muslims
the holy book of Islam, called the ______, is believed to be the word of God, and includes all rules and instructions for right living.
Muslims called Christians and Jews "_____"
People of the Book
In 711 AD, a powerful Muslim force invaded _____ and thus brought Islam to ______
Muslim troops tried to conquer ______ but their attempt failed when _______ defended the city.
Even though Caliphs exercised great authority, the people could not agree about who _____
should be Caliph
As Muslim empire began to spread, a North African people called the ______ converted
Muslims who made their home in Spain were called _____
Muslims throughout the Empire lived according to the _____. It guided both ______ and ________
the ____ was at the core of Muslim daily life.
Mosques, palaces, marketplaces, and libraries were designed to show the glory of ______
______ were designed to house thousands of followers who gathered to worship. The man part of the mosque was a vast area for _____.
Muslims who made Spain their home.
Christian victory saved Christianity for Europe.
Moors raided France and lost to the Franks.
Battle of Tours
ruled the Turks, claims to serve the Caliph
allowed observers to chart the positions of the stars and calculate their own position.
tower attached to the side of the mosque.
what influence does the Qur'an have on daily life of a Muslim.
it guided both their religious and daily life. Gave instructions on how to live.
Major difference in the Sunnis and Shi'ites
finding the successor to Muhammed
The Sunnis believe......
success should be held accountable; successor should be elected.
the Shi'ites believe (radicals)
descendant of Muhammed should be the successor.
A successor to the prophet
both the religious and political civil leader.
Islam merchants traded from
Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Prosperity due to
trade and commerce
property or money brought by a bride to her husband on their marriage.
right Hand means
left hand means
pay for your forgiveness
Economic prosperity of Islamic empire due to
Trade and Commerce
Women in Islamic world had right to
divorce their husbands
1st duty of all Muslims (according to 5 pillars )
Belief in one god; one true god is Allah, total submission
Hejira, Imam, Kaaba associated with
Imam is the
Islam changed status of Women by
legal and economic status
People of the book
Jews and Christians
Islam spread rapidly after Muhammed's death
Because Arab world was united.
Major contribution of Islamic scholars
they preserved learning for the modern world.
Muslims consider the Koran the greatest book because
these are the words of Allah
Ink of the scholar/ blood of the martyr means
said by Muhammed
a person that is educated should be held in higher regard
five pillars of Islam include
Pay zakat (charity)
fast during holy month of Ramadan
Make pilgrimage to Mecca
characteristics of Islamic architecture include
Minarets (prayer towers)
Muslims in Asia, Africa, and Europe united because
same law system.