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Flashcards in The Islamic World Deck (69):
1

desert nomads/ herders

Bedouins

2

title of the Bedouins leader

sheikh

3

founder of Islamic faith

Muhammed

4

Known as the last prophet god spoke to

Muhammed

5

2nd world religion- 1.5 billion

Islam

6

angel that came to speak to Muhammed

Jibreel

7

felt Muhammed was threatening their livelihood. Ran him out of town

Business Men Object

8

one true god of Islam

Allah

9

open yourself, or give yourself to Allah

submit to Allah

10

Muhammed flees to this city

Medina; Yathrib; city of the prophet.

11

holy journey

pilgrammage

12

Hegira means (630 A.D.)

Flight

13

Muhammed's return to Mecca, wages war, takes control of the city. (630 A.D.).

Return to Mecca

14

contains sacred texts, hymns, holy book , and law book

Qur'an (koran)

15

name of the religion founded by Muhammed

Islam

16

follower; believer of the Faith

Muslim

17

holy shrine of the Islamic world; singular black onix

Kaaba

18

To defend the faith
Fight those who do not believe in allah till the last day.

Jihad

19

If die in battle (holy war)

Salvation; guaranteed.

20

1. Profession of the Faith; individual must acknowledge Allah as one true god, and Muhammed as the prophet.
2.pray 5 times a day, always facing Mecca.
3.Obligated to pay zakat.= tax going to charity
4. Asked to fast during Ramadan- holy month
5. At least one time in their lifetime they will pilgrimage to Mecca.

The five Pillars of Islam

21

The founder of the _____ religion on the Arabian Peninsula changed and united the Arab World.

Islam

22

Arab Nomads called ______ herded sheep and camels because they could not grow crops in desert

bedouins

23

Muhammed and his followers settled in the town of Yathrib in 622 AD and the journey from mecca to this city is known as _____

Hijrah

24

the merchant rulers in Mecca did not like Muhammed's teaching for they feared that pilgrims would stop coming to Mecca to worship at the _____, a stone building filled with idols

Kaaba

25

in order to remind Muslims of the importance of self discipline, dependence on the creator and the feelings of the poor, many believers fast during the holy month of ______

Ramadan

26

The buildings where Muslims worship are called ____, and have no furnishings or images of people.

mosques

27

the _____ or the "struggle to defend the faith" is very important to Muslims

Jihad

28

the holy book of Islam, called the ______, is believed to be the word of God, and includes all rules and instructions for right living.

Qur'an

29

Muslims called Christians and Jews "_____"

People of the Book

30

In 711 AD, a powerful Muslim force invaded _____ and thus brought Islam to ______

Spain
Europe

31

Muslim troops tried to conquer ______ but their attempt failed when _______ defended the city.

Constantinople
Byzantine armies

32

Even though Caliphs exercised great authority, the people could not agree about who _____

should be Caliph

33

As Muslim empire began to spread, a North African people called the ______ converted

berbers

34

Muslims who made their home in Spain were called _____

Moors.

35

Muslims throughout the Empire lived according to the _____. It guided both ______ and ________

Qur'an
Religious life
Daily life

36

the ____ was at the core of Muslim daily life.

Family

37

Mosques, palaces, marketplaces, and libraries were designed to show the glory of ______

Islam.

38

______ were designed to house thousands of followers who gathered to worship. The man part of the mosque was a vast area for _____.

Mosques
prayer

39

Muslims who made Spain their home.

Moors

40

Christian victory saved Christianity for Europe.
Moors raided France and lost to the Franks.

Battle of Tours

41

ruled the Turks, claims to serve the Caliph

Sultan.

42

allowed observers to chart the positions of the stars and calculate their own position.

astrolabe

43

tower attached to the side of the mosque.

minaret

44

what influence does the Qur'an have on daily life of a Muslim.

it guided both their religious and daily life. Gave instructions on how to live.

45

Major difference in the Sunnis and Shi'ites

finding the successor to Muhammed

46

The Sunnis believe......

success should be held accountable; successor should be elected.

47

the Shi'ites believe (radicals)

descendant of Muhammed should be the successor.

48

A successor to the prophet
both the religious and political civil leader.

Caliph

49

Islam merchants traded from

Europe, Asia, and Africa.

50

Prosperity due to

trade and commerce

51

property or money brought by a bride to her husband on their marriage.

dowry

52

right Hand means

salvation

53

left hand means

condemnation

54

pay for your forgiveness

blood money

55

Economic prosperity of Islamic empire due to

Trade and Commerce

56

Women in Islamic world had right to

divorce their husbands

57

1st duty of all Muslims (according to 5 pillars )

Belief in one god; one true god is Allah, total submission

58

Hejira, Imam, Kaaba associated with

Islamic Faith

59

Imam is the

prayer leader

60

Islam changed status of Women by

legal and economic status

61

People of the book

Jews and Christians

62

Islam spread rapidly after Muhammed's death

Because Arab world was united.

63

Major contribution of Islamic scholars

they preserved learning for the modern world.

64

Muslims consider the Koran the greatest book because

these are the words of Allah

65

Ink of the scholar/ blood of the martyr means

said by Muhammed
a person that is educated should be held in higher regard

66

five pillars of Islam include

Pay zakat (charity)
fast during holy month of Ramadan
Make pilgrimage to Mecca

67

characteristics of Islamic architecture include

Roman Arches
domed rooves
Minarets (prayer towers)

68

Muslims in Asia, Africa, and Europe united because

same language
same religion
same law system.

69

numbers we use today

Arabic numerals.