Section 4 vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 4 vocab Deck (20):
1

the doctrine that kings and queens have a god-given right to rule

divine right of kings

2

an english navigator; the first englishman to sail around the world

sir Francis Drake

3

A scandal in France involving a Jewish army officer, Alfred Dreyfus. He was falsely convicted of betraying French military secrets and was sentenced to life imprisonment.

Dreyfus affair

4

Retreat by the British army in World War II. Dunkirk, a town on the northern coast of France, during the fall of France. Several hundred naval and civilian vessels took the troops back to England in shifts over three days.

dunkrik

5

A Nazi official who was responsible for the torture and killing of millions of Jews during the Holocaust.

Adolf Eichmann

6

A queen of England in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries; Presided over the Renaissance in England .

Elizabeth I

7

the present queen of Britain.

Elizabeth II

8

a german socialist of the nineteenth century who collaborated with Karl Marx on the The Communist Manifesto and on Kaptial

Friedrich Engles

9

an intellectual movement of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries marked by a celebration of the powers of human reason, a keen interest in science, the promotion of religious toleration, and a desire to construct governments free of tyranny.

Enlightenment

10

A system of government that flourished in Europe. Germany under Hitler, Italy under Mussolini, and Spain under Franco were all fascist states.

fascism

11

people willing to cooperate with an aggressor against their own country.

fifth column.

12

a term applied by Nazis to the Genocide of European Jews during world war II

final solution

13

the conquest of France by Germany in World War II in the spring of 1940

Fall of France

14

an Austrian Prince whose assassination in Sarajevo in 1914 set off World War I

Archduke, Francis Ferdinand

15

a Spanish general and dictator of the twentieth century

Francisco Franco

16

the event at the end of the eighteenth century that ended the thousand year rule of kings in France and established the nation as a republic.

French Revolution

17

the title of Adolf Hitler . Fuhrer is German for Leader

Fuhrer

18

served as Prime Minister of India from 1966 to 1977, and again from 1980 until her assassination in 1984.

Indira Gandhi

19

the leader of India's drive for independence from Britain.

Mahatma Gandhi
(Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi)

20

Four Chinese political leaders of the twentieth century who were closely associated with torture during the cultural revolution.

Gang of Four