Flashcards in vocab section 13 Deck (20):
church authorities that someone who says certain prayers or does good deeds will have some or all of their punishment in Purgatory remitted.
a court established by the roman catholic church to try cases of heresy
people first learned to extract iron from ore and use it to forge tools, weapons, and other objects
a french military leader, who at the age of seventeen took up arms to establish the rightful king on the french throne. she claimed to have heard god speak to her in voices. these claims eventually led to her trail for heresy and her execution.
joan of arc
a roman general and dictator in the first century B.C.
on a subsequent campaign in Asia, he reported to the senate, "I came, I saw, I conquered.". Caesar was assassinated by his friend Brutus and other on the ides of march in 44 B.C.
a mounted warrior in Europe in the middle ages
the language of ancient rome
his crew was t he first to sail around the earth, although he was killed on the voyage
a list of rights and privileges that king john of England signed under pressure from English noblemen in 1215.
ancient Greeks defeated a much larger army of the Persian empire
battle of marathon
a native american people, living in what is now mexico and northern central america until around 1600
a family of skilled politicians and patrons of the arts who lived in Florence, Italy, during the renaissance.
a descriptive term for people, objects, events, and institutions of the middle ages.
a region known as the "cradle of civilization"
began with the fall of rome in the fifth century, and ended with the renaissance.
was beheaded because he refused to recognize henry VIII as head of the Christian church in england
an ancient roman emperor , famed for his cruelty.
He persecuted Christians, blaming them for a great fire in rome.
william proclaimed himself king of England after defeating the English king Harold at the battle of Hastings.
an empire developed by the turks between the fourteenth and twentieth centuries.
the ________ included many parts of southeastern Europe and the middle east