vocab section 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in vocab section 13 Deck (20):
1

church authorities that someone who says certain prayers or does good deeds will have some or all of their punishment in Purgatory remitted.

indulgence

2

a court established by the roman catholic church to try cases of heresy

inquisition

3

people first learned to extract iron from ore and use it to forge tools, weapons, and other objects

iron age

4

a french military leader, who at the age of seventeen took up arms to establish the rightful king on the french throne. she claimed to have heard god speak to her in voices. these claims eventually led to her trail for heresy and her execution.

joan of arc

5

a roman general and dictator in the first century B.C.
on a subsequent campaign in Asia, he reported to the senate, "I came, I saw, I conquered.". Caesar was assassinated by his friend Brutus and other on the ides of march in 44 B.C.

Julius Caesar

6

a mounted warrior in Europe in the middle ages

knight

7

the language of ancient rome

latin

8

his crew was t he first to sail around the earth, although he was killed on the voyage

Ferdinand magellan

9

a list of rights and privileges that king john of England signed under pressure from English noblemen in 1215.

magna carta

10

ancient Greeks defeated a much larger army of the Persian empire

battle of marathon

11

a native american people, living in what is now mexico and northern central america until around 1600

mayas

12

a family of skilled politicians and patrons of the arts who lived in Florence, Italy, during the renaissance.

medici

13

a descriptive term for people, objects, events, and institutions of the middle ages.

medieval

14

a region known as the "cradle of civilization"

mesopotamia

15

began with the fall of rome in the fifth century, and ended with the renaissance.

middle ages

16

was beheaded because he refused to recognize henry VIII as head of the Christian church in england

thomas more

17

an ancient roman emperor , famed for his cruelty.
He persecuted Christians, blaming them for a great fire in rome.

nero

18

william proclaimed himself king of England after defeating the English king Harold at the battle of Hastings.

norman conquest

19

an empire developed by the turks between the fourteenth and twentieth centuries.
the ________ included many parts of southeastern Europe and the middle east

ottoman empire

20

the roman peace

pax romana