Chapter 5 Section 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Section 3 Deck (24):
1

these were written statements of the rights of the townspeople

charters

2

four basic rights granted to townspeople

freedom-if you lived in the town for a year + 1 day= grant of freedom
exemption-free from work on the manor
town justice- this was each court system in town
commercial privileges-sale your goods in town

3

the new middle class fell between the

nobility and the middle class

4

the new middle class consisted of

merchants, bankers, artisans

5

french middle class

Bourgeoisie

6

English middle class

Burgesses

7

German middle class

burghers

8

how did the middle class gain power

through their economic status .
climbed social ladder by money

9

associations of merchants that governed the towns

guilds

10

what did the merchant guild do

set prices
maintain quality standards

11

what did this?
skilled craftsmen
set the rules for their trade
trained younger craftsment

craft guild

12

cost of materials at a reasonable profit

just price

13

an apprentice started at what age?

7 or 8

14

what did the apprentice learn

they learned the craft but earned no wages.

15

how long did an apprentice train?

5-10 years

16

skilled worker that now receives wages

journeyman

17

work that would be judged by a master craftsman

masterpiece

18

what happens if your masterpiece was approved

you became a guild member

19

what are 3 town appeals?

better opprutunities
town provided a way for protection
social interaction

20

danger of town

fire-spread easily
thieves-pick pockets
no sanitation

21

the black death's symptoms

fever
black open sores on skin

22

how did the black death come to europe

caravans from Asia brought rats that brought fleas that carried the disease.

23

how many people died of the black plague

20,000,000
twenty million

24

salvation impact of the plague

the priest could not deliver last rights to all of the dying.