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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (70):
1

Middles ages were also called the

Medieval period

2

the middle ages was between the end of _______ and beginning of _________

classical age
modern world

3

Conversion to Christianity- Clovis receives support of the__________

Christian Church

4

Gaul- area today occupied by __________

France

5

"Mayor of the palace"

chief of the royal household

6

chief of the royal household was originally called

chief of household

7

chief of the royal household is ultimately the

real ruler

8

Charles Martel is know as

Charles the Hammer

9

Charles Martel became

Mayor of the palace

10

Battle of Tours was when?

732 A.D.

11

Battle of Tours was a war between ________ and _______ ; won by __________

moors and franks
Franks

12

significance of the battle of tours

halted Muslim advance into Europe

13

Pepin the short was son of

Charles Martel

14

Pepin started the

Carolingian Dynasty

15

Donation of Pepin

an area of land around Rome that Pepin donated to the Pope

16

Charlemagne was the son of

Pepin

17

Charlemagne was known as

charles the great

18

Charlemagne was greatest of all the

Frankish Kings

19

Charlemagne's dates of reign

768-814
16 years

20

New Rome is centered where

France and Germany

21

Buffer zone

a kind of frontier

22

"Emperor of the Romans"-crowned by

Pope Leo III

23

Charlemagne's government; "Missi Dominici"

The lord's messengers;
appointed officials who helped Charlemagne run empire

24

Aix- La-Chappelle

Charlemagne's capital; North

25

Louis the Pious

well educated, religious; weak and shortsighted ruler

26

Treaty of Verdun (843)

divided the empire among Louis's grandsons
Lothair, Charles the bald, and Louis the German

27

2 reasons for decline of the Franks

successors fought among themselves;
did not overcome enemies

28

vikings

norsemen
germanic people

29

Feudalism was

system of local governing
granting and receiving land
obligations

30

unwritten contract between nobles providing for land and certain obligations

feudal contract

31

feudal estates

fief

32

What did the lord provide to the vassal

provided the land
provided a court of justice

33

what did the vassal give to the lord

Their complete loyalty
Provide military service

34

granted fief; nobility

Lord

35

lessor lord; received fief

Vassals

36

peasant; tied to the land; hard labor

Serfs

37

Churches in feudal society acquired

tremendous amounts of property.

38

Common causes of warfare

Boundary Disputes (most common)
Family Feud
Greedy

39

Church instituted periods of peace (no fighting)

Peace of God

40

who were forbidden to attack

"non combatants"
old people, children, town people

41

economic system revolving around self sufficient estates

Manoralism

42

large estates

manor

43

manors were

self sufficient

44

land kept by lord of manor (best land)

Domain

45

95% of the population was

peasants

46

Peasants did

5 to 6 days a week of working
sun up to sun down
hard labor

47

"Cheval"

Managing and training your horse

48

cheval directed _________

a knight's behavior

49

code of chivalry

extended the quality to lower class people

50

waves of ___________ and _________ brought new customs and life styles to many parts in Europe.

barbarian invasions
settlements

51

many _________ plundered Europe and established kingdoms

Germanic tribes

52

a group of Germanic peoples, the _________ , did much to shape the culture of post roman Europe

Franks

53

Charles Martel's cavalry defeated the ______________ in 732 when they invaded France

Spanish Moors

54

Pepins victory won him territory called the ________ when he gave the land to the pope

donation of pepin

55

the donation of pepin became the ________

Papal States

56

Charlemagne's crowning of the "Emperor of the Roman's" regarded him as the successor to the _________

Roman emperors

57

the most feared invaders of Western Europe during the 800's and 900's were the ______ from Scandinavia

Vikings

58

a social ranking system
Lowest to highest

Hierarchy

59

Priest who directly served people in the church. Could administer 5 of the 7 sacraments
day to day obligations

Parish Priest

60

Ceremonies at which participants received God's direct favor or grace to help ward off the consequences of sin.

sacraments

61

Name 6 sacraments

Ceremony of Baptism- Cleaning
Matrimony-Union of husband and wife blessed by church
conformation- joining the church
Lord's supper- feast; breaking of bread and wine
Last rights dying?- blessed; last opportunity to wash away sins
Penance-forgiveness

62

held supreme authority in the church

pope

63

the church's code of law

canon law

64

any church related official

clergy

65

a court could issue this where all churches in the region must be closed and the clergy would be forbidden to perform the sacraments

interdiction

66

cut off from the church and could not receive the sacraments or be buried in sacred ground

excommunication

67

Heresycontradict the Church's doctrine

Heresy

68

people who denied the truth of the church's principles who preached beliefs not approved by the church.

Heretic

69

when a noble man could appoint a friend or relative to a high position in the church

investitvure

70

special court that tried people involved in heresy

inquisition