Section 2 Quiz : Rise of the Middle ages Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 2 Quiz : Rise of the Middle ages Deck (25):
1

Grant of land that was granted by a lord
Is part of what

Fief
Feudalism

2

The person who granted land ; the nobility that granted the fief
Is part of what

Lord
Feudalism

3

the person who received the land; lesser noble
is part of what

vassal

4

Were private fights, over boundary disputes.

Most battles

5

3 characteristics of a mounted knight

strong horse
fully equipped in armor
weapon
coat of arms on shield

6

Warfare's effect on a nobility in society.

opportunity for glory and wealth.

7

Warfare's effect on society of the common people.

major cause of suffering and hardship.

8

duel between accuser and accused.

trial by battle

9

accuser and accused were supported by people who swore that the person they represented was telling the truth

compurgation

10

determined by how the accused survived a particular ordeal. Ranging from holding scalding iron pot to walking over hot coals. Ordeal set by how quickly wound can heal.

trial by ordeal

11

Learns knightly manners and begins to learn how to use and care for weapons. Starts at age 7.

Page (attendant)

12

take care of the knight's horse, armor, and weapons; may go to battle; becomes one around teenager

squire

13

skilled and courageous fighter; certified by the clergy. Went through a ceremony; weapon blessed.

knight

14

could be distinguished from others. Represented personal characteristics. graphic symbol on the shield

coat of arms

15

by the 900s, most Europeans were governed by small, local _____, most often ______

independent leaders
by local lords.

16

the person who granted a fief was a ______

lord

17

the person who received a fief was a ________

vassal

18

__________ was the system of inheritance from a father to the eldest son.

Primogeniture

19

in theory, every landholder was a _____ to the king.

vassal

20

the __________ owned vast amounts of land and had many vassals who were granted fiefs.

medieval church

21

knights wore armor made of ________- small interlocking metal links

chain-mail

22

a trial could be a duel between ______ and _________ in which the outcome determined _____ or ______

accuser
accused
innocence
guilt

23

describe the three field planting system

2 fields were planted at one time, the other field remained unplanted to regain fertility.

24

most peasants called ______ could not leave the land unless the lord allowed it.

serfs

25

a knights' ___________ was a graphic symbol that identified him and represented personal characteristics.

coat of arms.