Flashcards in vocab set 12 Deck (20):
a Norwegian explorer. Said to have discovered a place in North America called Vinland.
a king and queen of Spain. They united their country and sponsored the exploration of the new world by Christopher Columbus.
Ferdinand and Isabella
a system of obligations that bound lords and their subjects in Europe during much of the middle ages.
a landed estate given by a lord to a vassal. The vassal could use the fief as long as he remained loyal to the lord.
a Mongolian general and emperor. Known for his military leadership and great cruelty.
she supposedly rode naked through her town of Coventry to save the people from an oppressive tax.
organizations of artisans in the middle ages that sought to regulate the price and quality of products
a Germna printer of the fifteenth century, who invented the printing press. The gutenberg Bible was the first book printed from movable type
a king of ancient Mesopotamia, known for putting the laws of his country into a formal code.
a general from the ancient city of Carthage. During the second of the Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome, Hannibal took an army of over 100,000 supported by elephants from Spain into Italy in an effort to conquer Rome.
Invaders from the French province of Normandy, led by Wiliam the Conqueror, defeated English forces under King Harold. William declared himself King
Battle of Hastings
established himself as head of the Christian church in England, after the pope refused to allow his marriage with Catherine of Aragon to be dissolved.
an ancient greek historian, often called the father of history
a system of writing with pictures that represent words or sounds.
a major political institution in Europe that lasted from the ninth to the nineteenth centuries
Holy Roman Empire
under feudalism, by which the vassal pledged to serve the lord and the lord to protect the vassal.
a war between France and England. the kings of England invaded France, trying to claim the throne.
hundred years' war
a tribe from western Asia. The _____were known for their cruelty and destructiveness.
March 15 in the ancient roman calender; Julius Caser was assasinated
ides of March