vocab set 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in vocab set 12 Deck (20):
1

a Norwegian explorer. Said to have discovered a place in North America called Vinland.

Leif Ericson

2

a king and queen of Spain. They united their country and sponsored the exploration of the new world by Christopher Columbus.

Ferdinand and Isabella

3

a system of obligations that bound lords and their subjects in Europe during much of the middle ages.

feudalism

4

a landed estate given by a lord to a vassal. The vassal could use the fief as long as he remained loyal to the lord.

fief

5

a Mongolian general and emperor. Known for his military leadership and great cruelty.

Genghis Khan

6

she supposedly rode naked through her town of Coventry to save the people from an oppressive tax.

Lady Godiva

7

organizations of artisans in the middle ages that sought to regulate the price and quality of products

guilds

8

a Germna printer of the fifteenth century, who invented the printing press. The gutenberg Bible was the first book printed from movable type

Johann Gutenberg

9

a king of ancient Mesopotamia, known for putting the laws of his country into a formal code.

Hammurabi

10

a general from the ancient city of Carthage. During the second of the Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome, Hannibal took an army of over 100,000 supported by elephants from Spain into Italy in an effort to conquer Rome.

Hannibal

11

1066
Invaders from the French province of Normandy, led by Wiliam the Conqueror, defeated English forces under King Harold. William declared himself King

Battle of Hastings

12

established himself as head of the Christian church in England, after the pope refused to allow his marriage with Catherine of Aragon to be dissolved.

Herny VIII

13

an ancient greek historian, often called the father of history

herodotus

14

a system of writing with pictures that represent words or sounds.
Ancient greeks

hieroglyphics

15

a major political institution in Europe that lasted from the ninth to the nineteenth centuries

Holy Roman Empire

16

under feudalism, by which the vassal pledged to serve the lord and the lord to protect the vassal.

homage

17

a war between France and England. the kings of England invaded France, trying to claim the throne.

hundred years' war

18

a tribe from western Asia. The _____were known for their cruelty and destructiveness.

Huns

19

March 15 in the ancient roman calender; Julius Caser was assasinated

ides of March

20

the center of their empire was in present day Peru. Francisco Pizarro of Spain conquered the ____ empire

incas