section 14 vocab Flashcards Preview

World History > section 14 vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in section 14 vocab Deck (20):
1

His rule is sometimes known as the Golden Age of Greece

Pericles

2

Under the Kings Darius and Xerxes they attempted to conquer Greece several times in the fifth century B.C. but were defeated

Persian Empire

3

The Kings of ancient Egypt

Pharaohs

4

The Phoenicians were famed as traders and sailors. They developed an alphabet that was eventually adapted by the Greeks and Romans into the alphabet used today

Phoenicia

5

Spanish conquistador who overthrew the rulers of the Incas

Francisco Pizarro

6

An Italian explorer; one of the first Europeans to travel across Asia

Marco Polo

7

City of the Roman Empire; destroyed in the first century by an eruption of nearby Mt. Vesuvius

Pompeii

8

A Spanish conquistador who named Florida while searching for the Fountain of Youth

Juan Ponce de Leon

9

Ancient Greek astronomer who proposed that the movements of the planets along with the sun and the stars revolved around the Earth

Ptolemy

10

Between ancient Carthage and Rome

Punic Wars

11

Huge monuments built as burial vaults for the pharaohs

Pyramids

12

A religious movement that began as an attempted reform of the Roman Catholic Church but resulted in the founding of Protestant churches

Reformation

13

The cultural rebirth from the fourteenth through the middle of the seventeenth centuries

Renaissance

14

An English King who fought in the Crusades

Richard the Lion-Hearted

15

A series of wars fought by two English houses; the House of Lancaster had a red rose as its emblem; the House of York had a white rose

Wars of the Roses

16

Key to understanding Egyptian writing

Rosetta Stone

17

River in northern Italy Julius Caesar crossed with his army violating the orders of the leaders of Rome who feared his power; a civil war followed in which Caesar emerged as ruler of Rome

Rubicon

18

His capture of Jerusalem precipitated a crusade

Saladin

19

Peasant bound to the land

Serf

20

Ancient Greek city state known for its militaristic government

Sparta