Chapter 5: Family Problems Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5: Family Problems Deck (27)

Heterosexual Monogamy

Exclusive pair-bonding between two opposite-sex persons.



A form of marriage in which one person may have two or more spouses.



The concurrent marriage of one man to two or more women.



The concurrent marriage of one woman to two or more men.


Census Family

A now-married couple (with or without married sons and/or daughters of one or other spouses), a couple living common-law, or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one never-married son or daughter living in the same dwelling.



A tradition in which families and societies are male-dominated.


Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

A concept referring to the tendency for people yo act in a manner consistent with the expectations of others.


Emotional Abuse

Often involves using negative labels to define a partner or family member. Such labels negatively affect the self-concept of abuse victims, often convincing them that they deserve the abuse.


Intimate Partner Violence

Actual or threatened violent crimes committed against persons by their current or former spouses, boyfriends, or girlfriends.


Common Couple Violence

Occasional acts of violence that result from conflict that gets out of hand between persons in a relationship.


Intimate Terrorism

Almost entirely perpetrated by men, a form of violence that is motivated by a wish to control one's partner and involves the systemic use of not only violence, but economic subordination, threats, isolation, verbal and emotional abuse, and other control tactics. This form of violence is more likely to escalate over time and to involve serious injury.


Violent Resistance

Acts of violence by a partner that are committed in self-defence. Violent resistance is alms exclusively perpetrated by women against a male partner.


Mutual Violent Control

A rare pattern of abuse when two intimate terrorists battle for control.


Sexual Aggression

Sexual interaction that occurs against one's will through the use of physical force, pressure, use of alcohol/drugs, or use of position of authority.


Cycle of Abuse

Involves a violent or abusive episode, followed by a makeup period where the abuser expresses sorrow and asks for forgiveness and "one more chance." The calm period may last for days, weeks, or even months, then, the next outburst of violence occurs.


Child Abuse

The physical or mental injury, sexual abuse, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under the age of 18 by a person who is responsible for the child's welfare.


Family Preservation Program

An in-home intervention for a family who is at risk of having a child removed from the home because of abuse or neglect.


Elder Abuse

The physical or psychological abuse, financial exploitation, or medical abuse or neglect of the elderly.


Corporal Punishment

The use of physical force with the intention of causing a child to experience pain, but not injury, for the purpose of correction or control of a child's behaviour.


Primary Prevention Strategies

Family violence prevention strategies that target the general population.


Secondary Prevention Strategies

Prevention strategies that target groups that are thorough to be at high risk for family violence.


Tertiary Prevention Strategies

Prevention strategies that target families who have experienced family violence.


No-Fault Divorce

A divorce that is granted based on the claim that there are irreconcilable differences within a marriage (as opposed to one spouse being legally at fault for the marital breakup).



A value system that stresses the importance of individual happiness.



A value system that encourages family members to put their family's well-being above their individual and personal needs.


Parental Alienation Syndrome

An emotional and psychological disturbance in which children engage in exaggerated and unjustified denigration and criticism of a parent.


Divorce Mediation

A process in which divorcing couples meet with a neutral third party (mediator) who assists the individuals in resolving such issues as property division, child custody, child support, and spousal support in a way that minimizes conflict and encourages cooperation.