Chapter 9: Sexualities Flashcards Preview

J - SOC 203 > Chapter 9: Sexualities > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9: Sexualities Deck (14):
1

Disproportionate Harm

Exceeds harm inflicted on individuals, has as its goal to intimidate and/or injure an entire community.

2

Gender Identity

The gender that a person feels him or herself to be. Sometimes gender identity is concordant with one's assigned sex at birth, and sometimes one's gender identity is more fluid, or can be opposite to one's sex of rearing.

3

Gender Expression

How we express our gender (as masculine, feminine, tomboy, or androgynous, as "butch," "straight," etc.).

4

Sexual Orientation

The identification of individuals as heterosexual, bisexual, or homosexual based on their emotional and sexual attractions, relationships, self-identity, and lifestyle.

5

Transgender

Persons who do not fit neatly into either the male or female category, or whose behaviour is not congruent with the rules and expectations for their sex in the society in which they live.

6

Lesbigays

A collective term sometimes used to refer to lesbians, gays, and bisexuals.

7

GLBT

A term used to refer collectively to gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and transgendered individuals.

8

Reparative Theory

Various therapies that are aimed at changing homosexuals' sexual attraction.

9

Master Status

The status that is considered the most significant in a person's social identity.

10

Anti-Essentialism

The refusal of simplistic biological explanations for complex social relations, motivations, behaviours, and identifications.

11

Constructionist

The belief that social context provides the mode and meaning for both sexuality and gendered behaviours, roles, and relationships.

12

Heterosexism

The belief that heterosexuality is the superior sexual orientation; it results in prejudice and discrimination against homosexuals and bisexuals.

13

Homophobia

Negative attitudes towards homosexuality.

14

Biphobia

Negative attitudes toward bisexuality and people who identify as bisexual.