Sociology and Social Change Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Sociology and Social Change Deck (35):
1

Sociology has the capacity to ___ and ___ social problems.

Understand, address.

2

Social Change

An alteration in the social order of a society.

3

Social Movements

Purposeful, organized efforts to encourage or oppose some dimension of change.

4

Disruptive Social Movement

When oppositional movements gain sufficient strength and are able to break into the public consciousness, the conventional wisdom about what is possible can begin to shift and open up the space for changes in policy.

5

Who came up with the idea of a disruptive social movement?

Stanley Aronowitz.

6

Occupy Movement

Protests against social and economic inequality around the world.

7

1999 Seattle World Trade Organization Protests “Battle in Seattle"

Loose coalition: Opposition to WTO free trade policies; concerns over growing global inequality, environment, corporate crime, food sovereignty, pro-labour.

8

Idle No More

Movement against Bill C-45 (omnibus bill) that changed the Indian Act, Navigable Waterways Act, Fisheries Act, and Environmental Assess Act.

9

Arab Spring

Revolutionary action around the cost of food, activities of mining companies, labour, inequality.

10

Similarities between collective behaviour and social movements:

Both unconventional, influenced by other participants’ behaviour, and relieves strain or tension in society.

11

Differences between collective behaviour and social movements:

Collective behaviour is disorganized, unplanned, and short-lived, while social movements is organized, intentional, and long-lasting.

12

Aspects of social movements:

Organized, intentional, and long-lasting.

13

Different types of social movements:

- Sit-in’s.
- Bike-in’s.
- Die-in’s.
- Teach-in’s.
- Demonstrations.

14

Example of limited change focusing on individuals.

Alternative social movements. D.A.R.E..

15

Example of radical change focusing on individuals.

Redemptive social movements. Cults.

16

Example of radical change focusing on societal movements.

Revolutionary social movements. Occupy.

17

Example of limited change focusing on societal movements.

Reformative social movements. M.A.D.D..

18

What is explored in "Cannibal Kids" by Kate Tempest?

Why people are doing what they are doing. Where does it lead to? What social change would it contribute to?

19

Collective Behaviour Theory

SM arise as a result of some kind of structural or cultural breakdown or strain.

20

Collective behaviour theory includes ___ ___ theory.

Relative deprivation.

21

Relative Deprivation

Discontent people feel when they compare their positions to those that are similarly situation and find that they have less (often perceived).

22

Resource Mobilization Theory

No SM is likely to succeed or even get off the ground without sufficient resources, organization, and opportunities for action.

23

Resource mobilization theory focuses on:

- Members.
- Communication.
- Leaders.

24

New Social Movements

Post-materialist, less emphasis on commonality of purpose.

25

Post-Materialist

Focus less on materialistic qualities such as economic wellbeing and more on issues related to human rights.

26

New social movements emphasize...

More about culture, collective identity, and patterns of interaction.

27

New social movements goes beyond ___ ___.

Class structure.

28

True or false? New social movements show disdain for conventional politics.

True.

29

Characteristics of new social problems:

Segmented, diffused, decentralized, local autonomy.

30

What did Rudolph Virchow say?

If medicine is to fulfil her great task, then she must enter the political and social life. Do we not always find the diseases of the populace traceable to defects in society?

31

What did Thatcher say?

There is no such thing as society: there are individual men and women, and there are families.

32

What did Max Weber say about empathic adventure?

Social action as behaviour that is meaningful — takes into account the behaviour of others.

33

Social Interaction

Dynamic sequence of social actions in which people creatively react to one another.

34

What did G.H. Mead say about empathic adventure?

George Herbert Mead: Part of social interaction is the capacity to empathize and take the role of the other.

35

Where does social change begin?

With individuals.