Chapter 3: Alcohol and Other Drugs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3: Alcohol and Other Drugs Deck (12):
1

Social Cost Model

A way of measuring the total costs to individuals, institutions, and society as a whole from the costs of premature death and disability. Used to asses many negative social phenomena, of which impaired driving is just one, that cut short lives, create disability, and negatively impact communities.

2

Drug

Any substance other than food that alters the structure and functioning of a living organism when it enters the bloodstream.

3

Drug Abuse

The violation of social standards of acceptable drug use, resulting in adverse physiological, psychological. or social consequences.

4

Drug Addiction/Chemical Dependency

A condition in which drug use is compulsive, and users are unable to stop because of physical or psychological dependency or both.

5

Anomie

A state of formlessness in which norms and values are weak or unclear; results from rapid social change and is linked to many social problems, including crime, drug addiction, and violence.

6

Club Drugs

A general term used to refer to illicit, often synthetic drugs commonly used at night clubs or all-night dances called raves.

7

Date-Rape Drugs

Drugs that are used to render victims incapable of resisting sexual assaults.

8

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

A birth defect syndrome apparently caused vy prenatal alcohol exposure. Always involves brain damage, impaired growth, and head and face abnormalities.

9

Therapeutic Communities

Organizations in which 35 to 100 individuals reside for up to 15 months to abstain from drugs, develop marketable skills and receive counselling.

10

Deregulation

The reduction of government control of, for example, drugs.

11

Decriminalization

The removal of criminal penalties for a behaviour, as in the decriminalization of drug use.

12

Legalization

Making prohibited behaviour legal, for example, legalizing marijuana or prostitution/