Flashcards in Chapter 7: Gender Inequality Deck (19):
The belief that there are innate psychological, behavioural, or intellectual differences between females and males and that the differences connote the superiority of one group and the inferiority of the other.
The social definitions and expectations associated with being male or fame.
A person;s biological classification as male or female.
The nurturing and emotionally supportive roles that women are generally socialized into.
Task-oriented roles that males are generally socialized into.
The group of assumptions and demands that people fall into two opposite sexes that are reproductively oriented toward each other; as a bias, creates structures and institutions that privilege opposite-sex relations and deny full rights and freedoms and recognition to those engaged in same-sex relations.
The ways in which the organization of society, and specifically its institutions, subordinate individuals and groups based on their sex classification.
The hypothesis that argues women are paid less because the work they perform is socially defined as less valuable than the work performed by men.
Work traditionally performed by women in the role of providing care and concern for others, either professionally or in the home.
Human Capital Hypothesis
The hypothesis that female-male pay differences are a function of differences in women's and men's levels of education, skills, training, and work experience.
Tasks and jobs that are distinct but have equal value and utility in the workplace and economy.
Family Gap/Child Penalty
The income losses associated with women's responsibilities raising children. As a measure, it compares the earnings of women who have children with those who do not in the same age group, with equal educational and occupational attachments.
Occupational Sex Segregation
The concentration of women in certain occupations and of men in other occupations.
Jobs that offer few benefits, often have low prestige, and are disproportionately held by women.
An invisible, socially created barrier that prevents women and other minorities from being promoted into top corporate positions.
The ways in which the culture of society perpetuates the subordination of individuals based on their sex classification.
The recent tendency for definitions of masculinity and femininity to become less clear, resulting in individual exploration of the gender continuum.
When an employer requires sexual favours in exchange for a promotion, salary increase, or any other employee benefit, or the existence of a hostile environment that unreasonably interferes with job performance, as in the case of sexually explicit remarks or insults being made to an employee.