Flashcards in Two Sides of Immigration Deck (29):
Canadian policy on immigration.
Greatest impact on history, economy, identity, multicultural identity, and regional diversity.
Why is Canadian immigration important?
By 2030, deaths > births — from then on, immigration as only growth factor for population.
There is growing ___ ___ due to immigration policies.
What are the 3 categories of immigration?
- Economic immigrants.
- Family status immigrants.
Greatest source of immigrants are ___ immigrants (what type, not ethnicity).
___ has highest per-capita rate of immigration in the world.
Canada has a tenuous form of ___ to immigrants.
What disturbed the tolerance towards immigrants?
More educated people were ___ hostile towards immigrants.
What are the 2 key points by Doug Saunders?
- Canada is highly under-populated: increase immigration to avoid economic, social, and environmental problems.
- Focus on immigration’s impact on Canadian economy and challenges to Canadian social system.
The Canadian Border Security show exposes something deeply troubling about...
The fact that watching people being detained and arrested and humiliated and interrogated becomes something that we consume as part of our nightly entertainment.
What was shown by the article Arrival of the Fittest?
Immigration decreases crime across all nationalities.
Who talked about the eyes on the street?
Why does immigration decrease crime?
- Eyes on the street (Jane Jacobs).
- Spillover effect — law abiding citizens, then people follow suit.
- Economic revitalization of poor neighbourhoods.
Dinovitzer’s Factors Against Delinquency:
- Strong family bonds.
- Commitment to education.
- Aversion to risk (trouble).
Dinovitzer’s Factors Against Delinquency act in a...
Who said that we miss the human side if we boil immigration down to this economic calculation that reduces a complex story to something very mechanical?
Temporary Foreign Workers
Group of wide-ranging programs that allow foreign workers to come to Canada temporarily. Allows employers to bring in workers to do jobs that are going unfilled in Canada.
Problems with TFW's:
- Labour shortage or low-cost labour shortage?
- Vulnerability of short-term workers.
- Suppresses wages of Canadians.
- Impact in home countries (remittances)?
Guarantee of that worker for time period, low pay, and likely no holidays taken.
TFW needs to be coupled with...
Better protection and permanent residency.
Recruiters — intermediaries who match foreign workers with local employers — bypass the system for a quick buck, sometimes charging immigrants high fees for jobs.
What does the TFW program do to those workers?
Nation of immigrants is establishing a second class of labour without the same rights we enjoy.
Give example of problems with the TFW program in recent years.
Employers from some of those countries would also be exempt from a wage floor Ottawa established in 2014 to ensure foreign workers on intra-company transfers are paid the prevailing wage for their occupation.
The money immigrants send to family members in their country of origin.
What was explored in the documentary "The Other Side of Immigration (2010)?"
- Encouraging viewers to put themselves in the shoes of those who are doing the immigrating.
- What happens to the families and communities they leave behind?
Going over the border illegally, and sending money back home. Development resulting from people working illegally.
What were the social problems explored in The Other Side of Immigration?
Economic inequality/poverty, women as main caregivers, lack of male role models, conflict in family relationships.