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Flashcards in chapter 5 part 2 Deck (22)
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1

dysfunction of the heart or blood vessels
can result in heart attack or stroke

cardiovascular disease

2

blockage of blood vessels supplying the brain

stroke

3

may be asymptomatic
increase risks for heart attack or stroke

hypertension

4

vessels to legs, arms, stomach, kidneys obstructured

peripheral vascular disease

5

artery walls build up lipid deposits and scar tissue impairing blood flow
heart must work ahrder to push thrugh the vessels (increase of _____ bp)

atherosclerosis
systolic

6

blood pressure above normal
increased risk of CVD

hypertension

7

pressure exerted in arteries when ventricles contract
normal: _____

systolic
<120 mmHg

8

pressure exerted when ventricles relaxed
normal: ____

diastolic
<80 mmHg

9

pre hypertension
systolic:
diastolic:

120-139
80-89

10

hypertension
systolic
diastolic

>140
>90

11

formed in gut after meal, only from dietary _____
released in ______
largest _________
remnant travels to ________
main role: transport dietary fat to _____ and _______

chylomicron
fat
lymph
lipoprotein
liver
blood, body tissues

12

liver produces most
transports triglycerides to body cells for ________
___ frees triglycerides
diets high in fat, simple sugar, excess calories
omega 3 and exercise ______
main role: transport _______ to tissues

VLDL
storage
reduce
endogenous lipid

13

lightened version of VLDL
______ in cholesterol, phospholipids, protein
deliver ______ to cells
higher amount increases risk of adhering to blood vessels
main role: transport ______ to cells

LDL
higher
cholesterol
cholesterol

14

released from liver
pick up _____ from dying cells and arterial plaques
lower risk for _____
omega 3 and exercise may _______
main role: transport ______ from tissues to _____

HDL
cholesterol
CVD
increase
cholesterol
liver

15

triggers inflammation in arteries
-oxidation

LDL

16

anti-inflammatory

HDL

17

deposits cholesterol in arteries

LDL

18

removes cholesterol and takes it to the liver

HDL

19

total blood cholesterol

<200

20

LDL

<100

21

HDL

>60

22

triglycerides

<150