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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (19):
1

adjunct

a medical device that is used to assist the OEC Technician in providing patient care.

2

airway

a natural passageway that allows air to enter and exit the lungs.

3

bag-valve mask (BVM)

a manually operated resuscitator consisting of three components: a bag reservoir, a one-way flow valve, and a face mask; used to assist patient ventilations.

4

epiglottis

a thin, leaf-shaped structure posterior to the tongue; covers the larynx when swallowing, preventing food or liquid from entering the airway.

5

exhalation

the act of expelling breath or air out of the lungs.

6

gastric distention

inflation of the stomach with air; can lead to vomiting.

7

head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver

a method to open a patient's airway; a process that involves tilting the patient's head backward while simultaneously lifting the patient's chin.

8

inhalation

act of drawing breath or air into the lungs.

9

jaw-thrust maneuver

a method used to open a patient's airway by displacing the jaw forward; commonly used whenever spine injury is suspected because it helps to maintain cervical spine alignment.

10

nasal cannula (NC)

an airway adjunct that consists of plastic tubing with two open prongs that are inserted into the patient's nostrils; provides low-flow oxygen when connected to an oxygen source.

11

nasopharyngeal airway (NPA)

a trumpet-shaped airway adjunct made from soft rubber or silicone that is inserted into the nostril to maintain a patent airway.

12

nonrebreather mask (NRB)

an oxygen delivery device that has a mask, a one-way flow valve, and a reservoir bag; when connected to an oxygen tank, provides a high concentration of supplemental oxygen.

13

oropharyngeal airway (OPA)

a rigid plastic airway adjunct that is inserted into the oropharynx to maintain a patent airway.

14

pharynx

the passageway that extends from the nose and mouth to the larynx; consists of three parts: nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx.

15

pocket mask

a barrier device; a folding mask with an oxygen inlet valve that is used for artificial ventilation; may be used with or without supplemental oxygen.

16

pulse oximeter

a device that attaches to a patient's finger, toe, or earlobe and photoelectrically measures blood oxygen content as percent of oxygen saturation.

17

suctioning

a procedure that uses negative pressure to remove an object or a fluid.

18

What is flow rate and oxygen percentage in Nasal Cannulla

Flow rare is 1-6 LPM, typical 2-4,
Percentage is 24%-44%, 4% increments, Typical is 28%-36%

19

What is flow rate and Oxygen percentage for Nonrebreather mask

Flow rate is 10-15 LPM
Oxygen is 80% -90%, 2% increments