Chapter 6, 7 Flashcards Preview

OEC 5th > Chapter 6, 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6, 7 Deck (53):
1

abrasion

a rubbed or scraped area of skin.

1

assessment

the act of determining the nature of a patient's injuries and illnesses.

1

chief complaint

the symptom or group of symptoms about which the patient is concerned.

1

avulsion

the tearing away of soft tissue, or a piece of soft tissue hanging as a flap.

1

respiration

the act of breathing in and out; also, the act of taking in of oxygen and nutrients and giving off of carbon dioxide and waste products by a cell.

1

reproductive system

a group of organs and other structures responsible for human reproduction.

2

blood pressure (BP)

the pressure of the blood on the interior walls of the arteries.

4

contusion

a bruise or soft tissue injury to a body part without a break in the skin.

5

DCAP-BTLS

a mnemonic for assessing trauma-related injuries; represents Deformity; Contusions; Abrasions and avulsions; Punctures and penetrations; Burns, bleeding, and bruises; Tenderness; Lacerations; and Swelling.

7

decorticate posturing

abnormal flexing of the arms, clenching fists, and extending legs; due to an injury along the nerve pathway between the brain and spinal cord.

8

distracting injury

any injury that directs the patient's attention away from the exam that is being performed by the rescuer.

8

distracting injury

any injury that directs the patient's attention away from the exam that is being performed by the rescuer.

10

Glasgow Coma Scale

a method for assessing neurologic function (i.e., level of responsiveness, movement).

11

hypoxia

a reduction in oxygen supply to a tissue.

12

laceration

an open soft tissue injury with smooth or jagged edges.

13

level of responsiveness (LOR)

the degree of cognitive function and arousal of the brain; ranges from fully alert to unresponsive.

15

nature of illness (NOI)

evaluation to determine the type of medical illness present.

16

OPQRST

a mnemonic that is used in the assessment of a patient's chief complaint: represents Onset, Provocation and palliation, Quality, Radiation, Severity, and Time.

17

oxygenation

a process in which oxygen is added to the body's tissues.

18

paralysis

loss or impairment of motor function in a part of the body.

18

paralysis

loss or impairment of motor function in a part of the body.

19

paresthesia

sensation of tingling, pricking, or numbness of a person's skin, or the feeling of "pins and needles" or a limb being "asleep."

21

PERRL

a mnemonic for assessing the eyes (i.e., Pupils Equal, Round, Reactive to Light).

22

pulse

rhythmic expansion of an artery caused by the movement of blood.

23

SAMPLE

an acronym used to obtain medical history information during the assessment process; refers to Signs/symptoms, Allergies, Medications, Past medical history, Last oral intake, Events leading up to present incident.

24

sign

any objective finding that can be seen, heard, smelled, or measured; typically discovered during a physical exam (e.g., a bruise, the patient's blood pressure).

25

sign

any objective finding that can be seen, heard, smelled, or measured; typically discovered during a physical exam (e.g., a bruise, the patient's blood pressure).

26

swelling

an enlargement of body tissue caused by an accumulation of excess fluid.

27

symptom

a subjective finding that a patient experiences and can be identified only by the patient (e.g., pain, blurred vision).

29

anatomy

the study of human and animal structures, including gross anatomy (structures that can be seen with the unaided eye) and microscopic anatomy (structures visible only through a microscope).

30

body system

a group of organs and other structures that work together to perform specific functions.

31

cell

the basic unit of all living tissue.

31

cell

the basic unit of all living tissue.

33

circulatory system

a group of organs and other structures that transport blood and other nutrients throughout the body.

35

gastrointestinal system

a group of organs and other structures that break down food and absorb nutrients into the body.

36

integumentary system

a group of specialized tissues that protect the body, retain fluids, and help prevent infection; the skin.

37

lymphatic system

a group of organs and other structures that remove extra fluid from tissues, absorbs and transports fats from the circulatory system, and transports immune cells to and from the lymph nodes.

38

muscular system

a group of specialized tissues that allow movement of the body, movement within the organs of the digestive system, and the beating of the heart.

39

nervous system

a group of organs and other structures that regulate all body functions.

40

organ

a structure containing similar tissues that act together to perform specific body functions.

40

physiology

the study of how living organisms function (e.g., movement or reproduction).

41

physiology

the study of how living organisms function (e.g., movement or reproduction).

43

respiratory system

a group of organs and other structures that bring oxygen in the air into the body and eliminate carbon dioxide into the air through a process called breathing or respiration.

44

skeletal system

a group of specialized tissues that provide support to the body, provide attachment points for muscles, protect internal organs, allow movement, store minerals, and constitute one of the sites where blood cells are made; the bones.

45

tissue

a collection of cells acting together to perform a specific body function.

46

urinary system

a group of organs and structures that remove wastes and toxins from the blood and excrete them in urine.

47

anterior/posterior

Anterior refers to the front of the body, posterior refers to the back of the body

48

superior/ inferior

Superior describes a part nearer the patient's head, whereas inferior describes a part nearer the patient's feet

49

medial / lateral

the terms medial and lateral are based on the midline, an imaginary line that runs down the body from the head to the ground and creates right and left halves. Any part closer to the midline is medial, whereas any part further from the midline is lateral.

50

proximal/distal

proximal refers to any part close to the trunk (chest, abdomen and pelvis), and distal refers to a part away from the trunk.

51

superficial/deep

superficial refers to a part near the surface of the body, whereas deep refers too a part far from the surface

52

internal / external

internal reefers to the inside, whereas external refers to the outside

53

right/left

right and left always refers to the patient's right and left