a toxin absorbed through the skin.
a drug constructed by a chemist to produce unique and specific effects.
a toxin that enters the body through the mouth.
a toxin that is absorbed through the lungs.
a toxin injected into a vein or another tissue.
a narcotic drug that is derived from and has the same effect as opium.
any substance that is injurious to health or dangerous to life.
the intentional misuse of a substance that results in significant impairment.
an event where a patient has been exposed to a harmful substance OR an incident in which the intentional or unintentional use of a substance or poison either endangers public safety and/or results in a medical emergency.
a noxious or poisonous substance produced by an organism.
the physical and mental readjustment that accompanies the discontinued use of an addictive substance.
a continued drop in core temperature after removal from cold exposure.
direct transfer of heat through circulating air; is increased when skin is exposed to wind.
damage to tissues from freezing due to the formation of ice crystals between and within cells, rupturing the cells and leading to cell death.
an abnormally low body temperature; below 95F (35C).
the process of maintaining normal body temperature.
the apparent temperature felt on exposed skin; is a function of the air temperature and wind speed.
the temperature in the immediate environment.
core body temperature
the temperature in the part of the body that contains the vital organs.
adaptation of the body over time to a hot environment.
painful muscle cramps that result from dehydration and electrolyte imbalances.
a condition characterized by fatigue, dizziness, nausea, and headache caused by dehydration and elevated core body temperature.
a measure of the risk for heat illness; combines the effects of increasing ambient temperature and increasing humidity.
a life-threatening elevation of core body temperature associated with shock and a deteriorating level of responsiveness.
fainting secondary to pooling of the blood in the extremities due to increased core body temperature.
the amount of water vapor in the air.
elevated core body temperature.
dilution of the sodium level in the blood.
the body's physiologic process of gradual adjustment to changes in such factors as light, temperature, or altitude.
acute mountain sickness (AMS)
a usually mild medical condition that is caused by exposure to high altitude.
encompasses all types of illness due to altitude (AMS, HAPE, and HACE).
uncoordinated muscle movements; at high altitudes, it is associated with HACE.
a skin condition resembling frost nip that results from prolonged exposure to cold, wet conditions.
a portable hyperbaric chamber that is used to treat high-altitude sickness.
high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE)
a potentially deadly condition in which the brain swells in individuals at high altitude.
high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE)
a condition in which fluid accumulates in the lungs of individuals at high altitude.
insufficient oxygenation of the blood.
a dry, persistent cough caused by inhaling excessively cold dry air that is typical at high altitude; also known as high-altitude bronchitis.
the altitude to which a climber descends to sleep to prevent AMS; is typically 500-1,000 feet below the highest elevation of that day's ascent.