Terms 24,34,16 Flashcards Preview

OEC 5th > Terms 24,34,16 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terms 24,34,16 Deck (28):
1

evisceration

the protrusion of organs through an open abdominal wound.

2

femoral neck

the portion of the femur that joins the femoral shaft to the ball of the femur.

3

Kehr's sign

pain in an uninjured shoulder caused by the accumulation of blood beneath the diaphragm; a painful right shoulder indicates a lacerated liver, whereas a painful left shoulder indicates a lacerated spleen.

4

pelvic binder

a device that is either purchased commercially or made from a folded sheet and is used to compress the pelvis and control bleeding in a traumatic injury.

5

straddle injury

an injury to the pelvis and the internal organs between the genitals and anus that results when a patient forcefully straddles a fixed object.

6

symphysis pubis

the site on the anterior pelvis at which the two pubic bones are joined together.

7

abruptio placentae

premature separation of a normally situated but improperly implanted placenta; it usually occurs late in pregnancy but may occur during labor.

8

cystitis

an inflammation of the bladder, usually caused by a bacterial infection.

9

dysmenorrhea

painful menstruation including cramps in the lower abdomen.

10

eclampsia

a potentially life-threatening disorder in pregnant women that is characterized by hypertension, generalized edema, and proteinuria (protein in the urine); involves the seizures of the convulsive stage of preeclampsia-eclampsia syndrome, which are not attributable to another cerebral condition such as epilepsy.

11

ectopic pregnancy

a pregnancy occurring in a site other than within the uterus.

12

gestation

the period during which a female is pregnant; in humans it is about 266 days, from fertilization of the egg until birth.

13

gestational period

the time from the first day of a woman's last normal menstrual period before fertilization, which is about 2 weeks before fertilization, until birth.

14

hematuria

blood in the urine.

15

miscarriage

a common term for a spontaneous abortion; the spontaneous termination of a pregnancy before about 20 weeks of gestation, at which time the fetus is not yet sufficiently developed to survive.

16

ovarian cysts

sacs that develop on the surface of an ovary and contain either fluid or a semisolid material.

17

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

an inflammatory condition of the female reproductive tract, particularly the fallopian tubes; is usually caused by sexually transmitted microorganisms.

18

placenta previa

low implantation of the placenta such that it partially or completely covers the internal opening of the uterus; upon the onset of any contractions and cervical dilation, or when the cervix begins to dilate at the onset of labor, the placenta is stretched and pulled from the uterine wall, producing painless bleeding that may be life threatening to both mother and fetus.

19

preeclampsia

a toxemia during pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure and edema of the hands or face; also called pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH).

20

reproductive age

the portion of the life cycle in which individuals can produce offspring-typically, years 15-50 among women, although some women can become pregnant at a younger age or at an older age.

21

guarding

an involuntary action in which the abdomen becomes rigid upon examination.

22

hematemesis

vomiting up blood.

23

hematochezia

the passage of bloody stools.

24

melena

black, tarry stools.

25

peritonitis

an inflammation (irritation) of the peritoneum, the thin tissue that lines the inner wall of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs.

26

referred pain

pain that originates in one part of the body but is felt in another part of the body.

27

sensory nerves

nerves that send signals to the brain for perception of touch, pressure, heat, cold, and pain.

28

visceral nerves

a collection of nerves that convey impulses between a part of the central nervous system and a viscus, such as an internal organ in the chest or abdomen.