the first 60 minutes following a serious traumatic event, during which prompt medical treatment may prevent death.
index of suspicion
when evaluating a patient who has sustained trauma, the initial impression of what could be injured and how bad the injury is, based on the mechanism of injury.
a combination of injuries commonly seen in a patient based on the mechanism of injury.
the branch of mechanics that studies the movement of body segments without consideration given to its mass or the forces making it move.
the energy generated by a body in motion; mathematically expressed as mass _ velocity.
physical injury caused by an external force.
a specialized hospital providing 24-hour trauma care, including stabilization, critical care, subspecialty care, and nursing care.
a physician who specializes in trauma care.
the complete or nearly complete separation of a body part or limb.
a strip or roll of gauze or other material used for wrapping or binding a body part.
a lesion of the skin caused by thermal or frictional heat, chemicals, electricity, or nuclear radiation.
damage beneath the skin or a mucous membrane from trauma while the overlying skin remains intact.
a condition in which the swelling of injured muscles within their connective tissue coverings causes pressure that can damage tissue and cut off blood flow.
an occlusive dressing that applies some pressure to a bleeding wound; it should not compromise circulation, movement, or sensation distal to the wound.
compression injury in which a great amount of force is applied to the body.
the inner layer of the skin; contains hair follicles, sweat glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels.
any material (preferably sterile) used for covering and protecting a wound.
a bruise; discoloration of the skin associated with a closed wound; signifies bleeding within the skin.
the outer layer of skin that act as a watertight protective covering.
massive blood loss resulting in death; the process of bleeding to death.
outside of a blood vessel.
an extravascular collection of blood within the body's tissues or in a body cavity.
the escape of blood from the vessels; bleeding.
a surgical gauze/mesh impregnated with a material that stops arterial and venous bleeding in seconds.
a foreign object that remains in the body in a puncture wound.
cut that has clean, smooth edges.
dressing made of Vaseline gauze, aluminum foil, or plastic wrap that prevents air and liquids from entering or exiting a wound.
an injury in which a break in the skin or a mucous membrane exposes deeper tissue to potential contamination.
a dressing that closes bleeding blood vessels by compressing the wound.
a penetrating wound resulting from a sharp, pointed object.
tissue between the dermis and the fascia overlying the muscle; contains fat, nerves, and blood vessels.
a painful extravascular collection of blood under a nail.
an instrument that when tightened around an arm or leg temporarily arrests the flow of blood through a large artery.
sterile, soft, highly absorbent, individually wrapped dressing that provides superior padding and protection for major wounds; usually measures 12 inches by 30 inches; also called trauma dressing.
alternating current (AC)
electrical current that periodically flows in opposite directions.
a burn caused by a caustic substance, such as an acid or a base.
direct current (DC)
electrical current that flows in one direction only.
a stream of electricity that moves along a conductor.
a burn that affects the epidermis only, causing reddening of the skin and mild edema but no blisters.
a burn that extends into muscle and bone.
a third-degree or fourth-degree burn.
a second-degree burn.
an injury caused by a hot liquid or a hot, moist vapor.
a burn that affects the epidermis and the dermis and results in blisters.
a first-degree burn.
pertaining to heat.
a burn that destroys the epidermis and the dermis and extends into the subcutaneous tissue.
a unit of electric potential or electromotive force, equal to 1 watt per ampere or 1 joule per coulomb.