history of present illness
a description of the circumstances surrounding the events of an incident; includes all subjective descriptions presented by the patient (or a bystander, if the patient cannot tell you).
a heart rate greater than 100 beats per minute in adults.
a lightweight device used to transport a patient during a backcountry rescue; sometimes called a "Stokes" stretcher.
long spine board (LSB)
a long rectangular board, 16 inches wide by 72 inches long, on which a patient with a spinal injury is placed.
a medication that prevents blood from clotting; a "blood-thinner."
a method of moving a patient on the ground to another location.
a portable evacuation chair that enables a patient to be transported in a seated position.
a position in which the patient's head is lowered 15-30 degrees (below the level of the heart) while the feet are simultaneously raised approximately 15-30 degrees; is generally used for patients who are in shock.
a process by which a message is transmitted from one person to another.
a red blood cell.
patient care report
a report that documents a patient's complaints and past medical history, plus a chronological account of the examination and treatment of the patient; is a legal document.
a serious medical condition caused by the presence of pathogenic organisms or thier toxins in the blood leading to a systemic inflammatory response.
a sitting position in which the patient's upper body is raised 45 degrees and the knees are slightly bent; is used often for patients who are experiencing chest pain or a suspected heart attack.
a sitting position in which the patient's upper body is raised to 45 degrees; is commonly used for patients who are awake and are not suspected of having a serious injury or illness.
a sitting position with the patient's body bent at the waist to 90 degrees; is typically used for patients who are experiencing severe breathing problems.
resistance blood vessel
a small artery whose wall contains muscle cells capable of contraction; as a result, such vessels can constrict and dilate to redistribute blood flow.
a two-piece device that is slightly concave and has an open center section; is used to transport a patient; also called a "scoop" stretcher.
landing zone (LZ)
an area used to land a helicopter; for fixed wing aircraft, the LZ is a temporary runway.
an individual (such as a social worker, physician, teacher, police, EMT, or counselor) who is required to report to the appropriate authorities certain types of injuries or the suspicion of specific crimes.
an oral report given at the transfer of a patient from one provider to another.
failure of the circulatory system to maintain adequate blood flow to tissues.
incident report forms
forms provided by the National Ski Area Association, a ski resort, or an insurance carrier and used by OEC Technicians to document an incident; the forms include the circumstances leading to injury.
inappropriate excessive sweating.
indicates the patient has normal decision-making abilities and whose judgment is not impaired.
field care notes
notes written by OEC Technicians at the scene of a patient rescue; include a time line, vital signs, witnesses' names, and other pertinent information.
oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells.
respirations greater than 20 breaths per minute in adults.
solid elements in the blood that aid in clotting.
the act of raising a person from a lower position to a higher position.
the act of taking or supporting the movement of a person from one location to another.
the combination of the patient, any equipment needed to care for the patient, and the device used to transport the patient.
the degree to which oxygen has bound to hemoglobin.
the passage of a patient from one location to another.
the proper use of body movement in daily activities to prevent problems associated with posture.
the volume of blood pumped out of the heart each minute.
the volume of blood pumped out of the heart's left ventricle per contraction.