a mnemonic for the common types of human-caused disasters; represents chemical, biologic, radiological, nuclear, and explosive.
the area outside the warm zone, in which it is safe to operate without specialized equipment.
the process of removing a trapped person (as from a vehicle that has been involved in a collision) when conventional means of exit are impossible or inadvisable.
stands for HAZardous Waste OPerations and Emergency Response; refers to federally mandated training for anyone who may encounter uncontrolled hazardous materials.
high-angle rescue (HAR)
any rescue work done by ascending or descending a slope steeper than approximately 45 degrees.
the area closest to the center of a CBRNE incident; is the most dangerous and most contaminated area.
low-angle rescue (LAR)
any rescue work done by ascending or descending a slope that is less than approximately 45 degrees.
the process of extracting a person or group from distress or danger.
a methodical process of actively gathering information about a person or group in distress or danger and then physically looking for them.
infrequently performed activities requiring specialized training and equipment in remote and/or difficult settings.
a human-caused event that is intended to inflict fear and can involve hazardous materials.
a transition area surrounding the hot zone; the zone in which decontamination occurs.
a drug that relieves pain.
an incision through the cricothyroid membrane for the purpose of inserting a tube to establish a "surgical airway"; is usually performed as a part of advanced airway management; is beyond the scope of practice for OEC Technicians.
electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
a record of the electrical activity of the heart, which provides important information concerning the functioning of the different parts of the heart.
the process of placing a tube into the trachea and maintaining it to provide an airway while preventing aspiration of foreign material into the bronchi (and lungs).
any primary work area in or around an incident in which incident-related activities are planned, organized, directed, or conducted.
anything out of ordinary day-to-day activities that necessitates a response (e.g., emergencies, disasters, outbreaks, vaccination programs, important meetings or conferences).
Incident Command System (ICS)
a formal, organized method for managing an incident, regardless of its cause, size, scope, or complexity.
Incident Commander (IC)
the person who provides overall leadership at an incident.
multi-agency coordination system (MACS)
a process for managing an incident in which multiple agencies that have different command structures and communication capabilities are participating.
multiple casualty incident (MCI)
an incident involving two or more patients or an incident in which the number of patients exceeds the capability of local resources.
National Incident Management System (NIMS)
a federally mandated "all hazards" method for responding to and managing an incident; was created as a result of Homeland Security Presidential Directive-5.
an individual, a single piece of equipment and its personnel complement, or a crew or team of individuals with an identified work supervisor, that can be used at an incident.
the head of a functional area within the Incident Command System.
span of control
the total number of individuals or resources supervised by a single person; usually 3-7 individuals or resources.
a triage system commonly used by public safety personnel; an acronym for Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment.
a combination of different resources with common communications that is managed by a task force leader (e.g., a sheriff's deputy, an NSP alpine patrol, and a search-and-rescue team).
a process of prioritizing patients for treatment and transportation based on their clinical signs and symptoms.