Chapters 3-4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapters 3-4 Deck (205):
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Pertaining to (the period) before birth

Prenatal

1

Pertaining to (the period) around birth

Perinatal

2

Pertaining to (the period) after birth

Postnatal

3

Pertaining to above the stomach

Epigastric

4

Pertaining to under the skin

Hypodermic

5

Below the ribs

Infracostal

6

Under the nose

Subnasal

7

Between the ribs

Intercostal

8

Pertaining to (the period) after birth

Postnatal

9

Knowing before

Prognosis

10

Turning backwards

Retroversion

11

Pertaining to two sides

Bilateral

12

Double vision

Diplopia

13

Bacteria linked together in pairs

Diplobacterial

14

Paralysis of one side of the body

Hemiplegia

15

Excessive calcium in the blood

Hypercalcemia

16

Large cell

Macrocyte

17

Instrument for examining small (objects)

Microscope

18

One treatment

Monotherapy

19

Pertaining to one nucleus

Uninuclear

20

Woman who has been pregnant more than once

Multigravida

21

Fear of many things

Polyphobia

22

Woman during her first pregnancy

Primigravida

23

Paralysis of four limbs

Quadriplegia

24

Three heads

Triceps

25

Movement of a limb away from (an axis of) the body

Abduction

26

Movement of a limb toward (an axis of) the body

Adduction

27

Pertaining to around the kidney

Circumrenal

28

Pertaining to around a tooth

Periodontal

29

Flow through

Diarrhea

30

Pertaining to across or through the vagina

Transvaginal

31

Forming outside the body or structure

Ectogenous

32

Turning outward (of one or both eyes)

Exotropia

33

Outside the skull

Extracranial

34

Secrete within

Endocrine

35

Within the muscle

Intramuscular

36

Beside the nose

Paranasal

37

Pertaining to the upper part of a structure

Superior

38

Pertaining to above the kidney

Suprarenal

39

Pertaining to sound beyond (that which can be heard by the human ear)

Ultrasonic

40

Without a breast

Amastia

41

Without feeling

Anesthesia

42

Against bacteria

Antibacterial

43

Against conception or impregnation

Contraception

44

Slow heart rate

Bradycardia

45

Difficult childbirth

Dystocia

46

Normal breathing

Eupnea

47

Different transplant

Heterograft

48

Same transplant

Homograft

49

Formation of new tissue similar to that already existing in a part

Homeoplasia

50

Bad nutrition

Malnutrition

51

Inflammation of all (or many) joints

Panarthritis

52

False pregnancy

Pseudocyesis

53

Condition of joined fingers or toes

Syndactylism

54

Rapid breathing

Tachypnea

55

Dorsal Cavity
Cranial

Brain

56

Dorsal cavity
Spinal

Spinal cord

57

Ventral thoracic

Heart, lungs, and associated structures

58

Ventral cavity
Abdominopelvic

Digestive, excretory, and reproductive organs and structures

59

Right lobe of liver, gallbladder, part of pancreas, part of small and large intestines

Right upper quadrant
RUQ

60

Left lobe of liver, stomach, spleen, part of pancreas, part of small intestine and large intestines

Left upper quadrant
LUQ

61

Part of small and large intestines, appendix, right ovary, right Fallopian tube, right ureter

Right lower quadrant
RLQ

62

Part of small and large intestines, left ovary, left Fallopian tube, left ureter

Left lower quadrant
LLQ

63

Upper left region between the ribs

Left hypochondriac region

64

Region above the stomach

Epigastric

65

Upper right region beneath the ribs

Right hypochondriac

66

Left middle lateral region

Left lumbar

67

Region of the navel

Umbilical

68

Right middle lateral region

Right lumbar

69

Left lower lateral region

Left inguinal (iliac)

70

Lower middle region beneath the navel

Hypogastric

71

Right lower lateral region

Right inguinal (iliac)

72

Pertaining to the midline of the body or structure

Medial

73

Pertaining to a side

Lateral

74

Toward the head or upper portion of a structure

Superior (cephalad)

75

Away from the head, or toward the tail or lower part of a structure

Inferior (caudal)

76

Nearer to the center (trunk of the body) or to the point of attachment to the body

Proximal

77

Further from the center (trunk of the body) or from the point of attachment to the body

Distal

78

Front of the body

Anterior (ventral)

79

Back of the body

Posterior (dorsal)

80

Pertaining to the outer wall of the body cavity

Parietal

81

Pertaining to the viscera, or internal organs, especially the abdominal organs

Visceral

82

Lying on the abdomen, face down

Prone

83

Lying horizontally on the back, face up

Supine

84

Turning inward or inside out

Inversion

85

Turing outward

Eversion

86

Pertaining to the palm of the hand

Palmar

87

Pertaining to the sole of the foot

Plantar

88

Toward the surface of the body (external)

Superficial

89

Away from the surface of the body (interal)

Deep

90

Specialist in study of cells

Cytologist

91

Study of tissues

Histology

92

Destruction of the nucleus

Karyolysis

93

Pertaining to the nucleus

Nuclear

94

Pertaining to the cranium

Cranial

95

Pertaining to the abdomen

Abdominal

96

Pertaining to the neck

Cervical

97

Pertaining to (the area) below the stomach

Hypogastric

98

Pertaining to the ilium

Ilial

99

Pertaining to the groin

Inguinal

100

Pertaining to the loins (lower back)

Lumbar

101

Instrument for measuring the pelvis

Pelvimeter

102

Pertaining to the pelvis

Pelvic

103

Pertaining to the spine

Spinal

104

Pertaining to the chest

Thoracic

105

Condition of whiteness

Albinism

106

White cell

Leukocyte

107

Green vision

Chloropia

108

Pertaining to different colors

Heterochromic

109

Abnormal yellowing

Cirrhosis

110

Yellowing

Jaundice

111

Yellow cell

Xanthocyte

112

Pertaining to blueness

Cyanotic

113

Red cell

Erythrocyte

114

Black tumor

Melanoma

115

Inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord

Poliomyelitis

116

Abnormal conditioning in which the extremities are blue

Acrocyanosis

117

Study of the causes of disease

Etiology

118

Pertaining to an unknown (cause of) disease

Idiopathic

119

Study of form, shape, or structure

Morphology

120

Specialist in the study of disease

Pathologist

121

Specialist in the study of radiation

Radiologist

122

Pertaining to the body

Somatic

123

Process of recoding sound

Sonography

124

Pertaining to internal organs

Visceral

125

Abnormal condition of dryness

Xerosis

126

Origin of disease

Pathogenesis

127

Knowing before

Prognosis

128

Record of an artery

Arteriogram

129

Instrument for recording x-rays

Radiograph

130

Process of recording a joint

Arthrography

131

Specialist in the study of the skin

Dermatologist

132

Study of blood

Hematology

133

Instrument for measuring heat

Thermometer

134

Act of measuring the ventricles

Ventriculometry

135

Disease of the stomach

Gastropathy

136

Different form or shape

Heteromorphous

137

Formation of same (tissue)

Homeoplasia

138

Pertaining to (the area) below the ribs

Infracostal

139

Pertaining to (the area) around the heart

Pericardial

140

Pertaining to (a direction) across or through the abdomen

Transabdominal

141

Pertaining to beyond (audible) sound

Ultrasonic

142

Abnormal fibrous band that holds or binds together tissues that are normally separated

Adhesion

143

Substance analyzed or tested, generally by means of laboratory methods

Analyte

144

Substance injected into the body (via catheter or swallowed) to facilitate radiographic images of internal structures

Contrast medium

145

Bursting open of a wound, especially a surgical abdominal wound

Dehiscence

146

Feverish; pertaining to a fever

Febrile

147

Relative constancy or balance in the internal environment of the body, maintained by processes of feedback and adjustment in response to external or internal changes

Homeostasis

148

Body defense against injury, infection, or allergy that is marked by redness, swelling, heat, pain and, sometimes, loss of function

Inflammation

149

Diseased; pertaining to a disease

Morbid

150

Branch of medicine concerned with the use of radioactive substances for diagnosis, treatment, and research

Nuclear medicine

151

Medical specialty concerned with the use of electromagnetic radiation, ultrasound, and imaging techniques for diagnosis and treatment of disease and injury

Radiology

152

Radiological practice that employs fluoroscopy, CT, and ultrasound in non surgical treatment of various disorders

Interventional radiology

153

Use of ionizing radiation in the treatment of cancer

Therapeutic radiology

154

Substances that emit radiation spontaneously

Radionuclides

155

Radionuclide attached to a protein, sugar, or other substance used to visualize and organ or area of the body that will be scanned

Radiopharmaceutical

156

Term used to describe a computerized image by modality (such as CT, MRI, and nuclear imaging) or by structure (such as thyroid and bone)

Scan

157

Pathological state, usually febrile, resulting from the presence of microorganisms and their products in the bloodstream

Sepsis

158

Producing or associated with generation of pus

Suppurative

159

Visual examination of a body cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope

Endoscopy

160

Visual examination of the organs of the pelvis and abdomen through very small incisions in the abdominal wall

Laparoscopy

161

Examination of the lungs, pleura, and pleural space with a scope inserted through a small incision between the ribs

Thoracoscopy

162

Common blood test that enumerates RBCs, WBCs, and platelets; measures hemoglobin; estimates red cell volume; and sorts white blood cells into five subtypes with their percentages

Complete blood count
CBC

163

Common urine screening test that evaluates the physical, chemical, and microscopic properties of urine

Urinalysis
UA

164

Imaging technique achieved by rotating an x ray emitter around the area to be scanned and measuring the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles

Computed tomography
CT

165

Ultrasound technique used to detect and measure blood flow velocity and direction through the cardiac chambers, valves, and peripheral vessels by reflecting sound waves off moving blood cells

Doppler

166

Radiographic technique in which x rays are directed through the body to a fluorescent screen that displays continuous motion images of internal structures

Fluoroscopy

167

Noninvasive imaging technique that uses radiowaves and a strong magnetic field rather than an x ray beam to produce multiplanar cross sectional images

Magnetic resonance imaging
MRI

168

Diagnostic technique that uses a radioactive material called a tracer that is introduced into the body and a specialized camera to produce images of organs and structures

Nuclear scan

169

Scanning technique using computed tomography to record the positrons emitted from a radiopharmaceutical, that produces a cross sectional image of metabolic activity in body tissues to determine the presence of disease

Positron emission tomography
PET

170

Imaging technique that uses x rays passed through the body or area and captured on a film

Radiography

171

Radiological technique that integrates computed tomography (CT) and a radioactive material (tracer) injected into the bloodstream to visualize blood flow to tissues and organs

Single photon emission computed tomography
SPECT

172

Radiographic technique that produces an image representing a detailed cross section, or slice, of an area, tissue, or organ at a predetermined depth

Tomography

173

Imaging procedure using high-frequency sound waves that display related "echoes" on a monitor

Ultrasonography
US

174

Representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis

Biopsy

175

Ultra thin slice of tissue cut from a frozen specimen for immediate pathological examination

Frozen section
FS

176

Removal of a small tissue sample for examination using a hollow needle, usually attached to a syringe

Needle biopsy

177

Removal of a small core of tissue using a hollow instrument

Punch

178

Removal of tissue using a surgical blade to shave elevated lesions

Shave

179

Removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, electrocautery, freezing, or radio frequency (RF)

Ablation

180

Surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another

Anastomosis

181

Destroy tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals

Cauterize

182

Scraping of a body cavity with a spoon shaped instrument called a curette

Curettage

183

Incision made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a wound or cavity

Incision and drainage
(I&D)

184

Surgical technique employing a device that emits intense heat and power at close range to cut, burn, vaporize, or destroy tissues

Laser surgery

185

Surgical removal of tissue in an extensive area surrounding the surgical site in attempt to excise all tissue that may be malignant and decrease the chance of recurrence

Radical dissection

186

Partial excision of a bone, organ, or other structure

Resection

187

Anterior*

ant

188

Anteroposterior*

AP

189

Biopsy*

Bx, bx

190

Complete blood count*

CBC

191

Computed tomography*

CT

192

Deoxyribonucleic acid

DNA

193

Digital subtraction angiography

DSA

194

Diagnosis*

Dx

195

Frozen section*

FS

196

Incision and drainage*

I&D

197

Lateral*

LAT, lat

198

Posterior*

post

199

Rheumatoid factor; radio frequency*

RF

200

Sonogram*

sono

201

Symptom*

Sx

202

Treatment*

Tx

203

Upper and lower*

U&L, U/L

204

Difficult digestion

Dyspepsia