Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (183)
Loading flashcards...
0

Acidosis

Excessive acidity of body fluids

1

Anosmia

Absence of the sense of smell

2

Apnea

Temporary loss of breathing

3

Asphyxia

Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen

4

Atelectasis

Collapsed or airless state of the lung, which may be acute or chronic and affect all or part of the lung

5

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

Repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respiration, first deeply, then shallow, then not at all

6

Compliance

Ease with which lung tissue can be stretched

7

Coryza

Head cold; upper respiratory infection (URI)

8

Crackle

Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture-filled alveoli; also called rale

9

Croup

Common childhood condition involving inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchiole passages and sometimes lungs

10

Deviated nasal septum

Displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils

11

Epiglottitis

Severe, life threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occurs most commonly in children between 2 and 12 years of age

12

Epistaxis

Nosebleed; nasal hemorrhage

13

Finger clubbing

Enlargement of the terminal phalanges of the fingers and toes, commonly associated with pulmonary disease

14

Hypoxemia

Deficiency of oxygen in the blood

15

Hypoxia

Deficiency of oxygen in tissues

16

Pertussis

Acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound; also called whooping cough

17

Pleurisy

Inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain that is intensified by coughing or deep breathing; also called pleuritis

18

Pneumoconiosis

Disease caused by inhaling dust particles, including coal dust (anthracosis), stone dust (chalicosis), iron dust (siderosis), and asbestos particles (asbestosis)

19

Pulmonary edema

Accumulation of extra vascular fluid in the lung tissues and alveoli, caused most commonly by heart failure

20

Pulmonary embolus

Blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by a mass of undissolved matter (such as a blood clot, tissue, air bubbles, and bacteria)

21

Rhonchus

A course, rattling noise that resembles snoring, commonly suggesting secretions in the larger airways

22

Stridor

High pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway

23

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

Completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal, healthy infant, usually less than 12 months of age; also called crib death

24

Wheeze

Whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway

25

Mantoux test

Intra dermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on a positive reaction where the area around the test site becomes red and swollen

26

Oximetry

Noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen; also called pulse oximetry

27

Polysomnography

Test of sleep cycles and stages using continuous recordings of brain waves (EEGs), electrical activity of muscles, eye movement (electro-oculogram), respiratory rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation, heart rhythm and sometimes direct observation of the person during sleep using a video camera

28

Pulmonary function tests

Multiple testes used to evaluate the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane

29

Spirometry

Measurement of ventilatory ability by assessing lung capacity and flow, including the time necessary for exhaling the total volume of inhaled air