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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (183):
0

Acidosis

Excessive acidity of body fluids

1

Anosmia

Absence of the sense of smell

2

Apnea

Temporary loss of breathing

3

Asphyxia

Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen

4

Atelectasis

Collapsed or airless state of the lung, which may be acute or chronic and affect all or part of the lung

5

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

Repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respiration, first deeply, then shallow, then not at all

6

Compliance

Ease with which lung tissue can be stretched

7

Coryza

Head cold; upper respiratory infection (URI)

8

Crackle

Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture-filled alveoli; also called rale

9

Croup

Common childhood condition involving inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchiole passages and sometimes lungs

10

Deviated nasal septum

Displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils

11

Epiglottitis

Severe, life threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occurs most commonly in children between 2 and 12 years of age

12

Epistaxis

Nosebleed; nasal hemorrhage

13

Finger clubbing

Enlargement of the terminal phalanges of the fingers and toes, commonly associated with pulmonary disease

14

Hypoxemia

Deficiency of oxygen in the blood

15

Hypoxia

Deficiency of oxygen in tissues

16

Pertussis

Acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound; also called whooping cough

17

Pleurisy

Inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain that is intensified by coughing or deep breathing; also called pleuritis

18

Pneumoconiosis

Disease caused by inhaling dust particles, including coal dust (anthracosis), stone dust (chalicosis), iron dust (siderosis), and asbestos particles (asbestosis)

19

Pulmonary edema

Accumulation of extra vascular fluid in the lung tissues and alveoli, caused most commonly by heart failure

20

Pulmonary embolus

Blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by a mass of undissolved matter (such as a blood clot, tissue, air bubbles, and bacteria)

21

Rhonchus

A course, rattling noise that resembles snoring, commonly suggesting secretions in the larger airways

22

Stridor

High pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway

23

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

Completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal, healthy infant, usually less than 12 months of age; also called crib death

24

Wheeze

Whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway

25

Mantoux test

Intra dermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on a positive reaction where the area around the test site becomes red and swollen

26

Oximetry

Noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen; also called pulse oximetry

27

Polysomnography

Test of sleep cycles and stages using continuous recordings of brain waves (EEGs), electrical activity of muscles, eye movement (electro-oculogram), respiratory rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation, heart rhythm and sometimes direct observation of the person during sleep using a video camera

28

Pulmonary function tests

Multiple testes used to evaluate the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane

29

Spirometry

Measurement of ventilatory ability by assessing lung capacity and flow, including the time necessary for exhaling the total volume of inhaled air

30

Bronchoscopy

Visual examination of the bronchi using an endoscope inserted through the nose or mouth and trachea for direct viewing of structures or for projection on a monitor

31

Laryngoscopy

Visual examination of the larynx to detect tumors, foreign bodies, nerve or structural injury, or other abnormalities

32

Mediastinoscopy

Visual examination of the mediastinal structures including the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus, and lymph nodes

33

Lavage

Irrigating or washing out an organ, stomach, bladder, bowel, or body cavity with a stream of water or other fluid

34

Antral

Irrigation of the antrum (maxillary sinus) in chronic or nonresponsive sinusitis

35

Postural drainage

Positioning a patient so that gravity aids in the drainage of secretions from the bronchi and lobes of the lungs

36

Pleurectomy

Excision of part of the pleura, usually parietal

37

Pneumectomy

Excision of a lung

38

Rhinoplasty

Reconstructive surgery of the nose to correct deformities or for cosmetic purposes

39

Septoplasty

Surgical repair of a deviated nasal septum usually performed when the septum is encroaching on the breathing passages or nasal structures

40

Thoracentesis

Surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity

41

Tracheostomy

Surgical procedure in which an opening is made in the neck and into the trachea into which a breathing tube may be inserted

42

Empyema

Pus in the pleural cavity

43

Surfactant

Phospholipid that allows the lungs to expand with ease

44

Consolidation

Loss of sponginess of the lungs due to engorgement

45

Auscultation

Listening to chest sounds using a stethoscope

46

Hypoxemia

Deficiency of oxygen in the blood

47

Tubercles

Granulomas associated with tuberculosis

48

Emphysema

Disease characterized by a decrease in alveolar elasticity

49

Coryza

Head cold; upper respiratory infection

50

Lung scan

Imaging procedure that uses radionucleotides to evaluate blood flow in the lungs

51

Radiography

Producing images using an x ray machine

52

Antral lavage

Washing or irrigating sinuses

53

Antihistamine

Relieves sneezing, runny nose, itchiness, and rashes

54

Antitussive

Relieves or suppresses coughing

55

AFB

TB organism

56

Aerosol therapy

Inhalation of medication directly into the respiratory system via a nebulizer

57

Decongestant

Decrease mucous membrane swelling by constricting blood vessels

58

ABG

Arterial blood gas...lab tests to assess pH and gases of arterial blood

59

Expectorant

Reduces the viscosity of sputum to facilitate productive coughing

60

Throat culture

Used to identify pathogens; especially group A streptococci

61

Excessive acidity of body fluids

Acidosis

62

Absence of the sense of smell

Anosmia

63

Temporary loss of breathing

Apnea

64

Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen

Asphyxia

65

Collapsed or airless state of the lung, which may be acute or chronic and affect all or part of the lung

Atelectasis

66

Repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respiration, first deeply, then shallow, then not at all

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

67

Ease with which lung tissue can be stretched

Compliance

68

Head cold; upper respiratory infection (URI)

Coryza

69

Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture-filled alveoli; also called rale

Crackle

70

Common childhood condition involving inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchiole passages and sometimes lungs

Croup

71

Displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils

Deviated nasal septum

72

Severe, life threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occurs most commonly in children between 2 and 12 years of age

Epiglottitis

73

Nosebleed; nasal hemorrhage

Epistaxis

74

Enlargement of the terminal phalanges of the fingers and toes, commonly associated with pulmonary disease

Finger clubbing

75

Deficiency of oxygen in the blood

Hypoxemia

76

Deficiency of oxygen in tissues

Hypoxia

77

Acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound; also called whooping cough

Pertussis

78

Inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain that is intensified by coughing or deep breathing; also called pleuritis

Pleurisy

79

Disease caused by inhaling dust particles, including coal dust (anthracosis), stone dust (chalicosis), iron dust (siderosis), and asbestos particles (asbestosis)

Pneumoconiosis

80

Accumulation of extra vascular fluid in the lung tissues and alveoli, caused most commonly by heart failure

Pulmonary edema

81

Blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by a mass of undissolved matter (such as a blood clot, tissue, air bubbles, and bacteria)

Pulmonary embolus

82

Abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation

Rhonchus

83

High pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway

Stridor

84

Completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal, healthy infant, usually less than 12 months of age; also called crib death

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

85

Whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway

Wheeze

86

Intra dermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on a positive reaction where the area around the test site becomes red and swollen

Mantoux test

87

Noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen; also called pulse oximetry

Oximetry

88

Test of sleep cycles and stages using continuous recordings of brain waves (EEGs), electrical activity of muscles, eye movement (electro-oculogram), respiratory rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation, heart rhythm and sometimes direct observation of the person during sleep using a video camera

Polysomnography

89

Multiple testes used to evaluate the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane

Pulmonary function tests

90

Measurement of ventilatory ability by assessing lung capacity and flow, including the time necessary for exhaling the total volume of inhaled air

Spirometry

91

Visual examination of the bronchi using an endoscope inserted through the nose or mouth and trachea for direct viewing of structures or for projection on a monitor

Bronchoscopy

92

Visual examination of the larynx to detect tumors, foreign bodies, nerve or structural injury, or other abnormalities

Laryngoscopy

93

Visual examination of the mediastinal structures including the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus, and lymph nodes

Mediastinoscopy

94

Irrigating or washing out an organ, stomach, bladder, bowel, or body cavity with a stream of water or other fluid

Lavage

95

Irrigation of the antrum (maxillary sinus) in chronic or nonresponsive sinusitis

Antral

96

Positioning a patient so that gravity aids in the drainage of secretions from the bronchi and lobes of the lungs

Postural drainage

97

Excision of part of the pleura, usually parietal

Pleurectomy

98

Excision of a lung

Pneumectomy

99

Reconstructive surgery of the nose to correct deformities or for cosmetic purposes

Rhinoplasty

100

Surgical repair of a deviated nasal septum usually performed when the septum is encroaching on the breathing passages or nasal structures

Septoplasty

101

Surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity

Thoracentesis

102

Surgical procedure in which an opening is made in the neck and into the trachea into which a breathing tube may be inserted

Tracheostomy

103

Pus in the pleural cavity

Empyema

104

Phospholipid that allows the lungs to expand with ease

Surfactant

105

Loss of sponginess of the lungs due to engorgement

Consolidation

106

Listening to chest sounds using a stethoscope

Auscultation

107

Deficiency of oxygen in the blood

Hypoxemia

108

Granulomas associated with tuberculosis

Tubercles

109

Disease characterized by a decrease in alveolar elasticity

Emphysema

110

Head cold; upper respiratory infection

Coryza

111

Imaging procedure that uses radionucleotides to evaluate blood flow in the lungs

Lung scan

112

Producing images using an x ray machine

Radiography

113

Washing or irrigating sinuses

Antral lavage

114

Relieves sneezing, runny nose, itchiness, and rashes

Antihistamine

115

Relieves or suppresses coughing

Antitussive

116

TB organism

AFB

117

Inhalation of medication directly into the respiratory system via a nebulizer

Aerosol therapy

118

Decrease mucous membrane swelling by constricting blood vessels

Decongestant

119

Arterial blood gas...lab tests to assess pH and gases of arterial blood

ABG

120

Reduces the viscosity of sputum to facilitate productive coughing

Expectorant

121

Used to identify pathogens; especially group A streptococci

Throat culture

122

Excessive acidity of body fluids

Acidosis

123

Absence of the sense of smell

Anosmia

124

Temporary loss of breathing

Apnea

125

Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen

Asphyxia

126

Collapsed or airless state of the lung, which may be acute or chronic and affect all or part of the lung

Atelectasis

127

Repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respiration, first deeply, then shallow, then not at all

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

128

Ease with which lung tissue can be stretched

Compliance

129

Head cold; upper respiratory infection (URI)

Coryza

130

Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture-filled alveoli; also called rale

Crackle

131

Common childhood condition involving inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchiole passages and sometimes lungs

Croup

132

Displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils

Deviated nasal septum

133

Severe, life threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occurs most commonly in children between 2 and 12 years of age

Epiglottitis

134

Nosebleed; nasal hemorrhage

Epistaxis

135

Enlargement of the terminal phalanges of the fingers and toes, commonly associated with pulmonary disease

Finger clubbing

136

Deficiency of oxygen in the blood

Hypoxemia

137

Deficiency of oxygen in tissues

Hypoxia

138

Acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound; also called whooping cough

Pertussis

139

Inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain that is intensified by coughing or deep breathing; also called pleuritis

Pleurisy

140

Disease caused by inhaling dust particles, including coal dust (anthracosis), stone dust (chalicosis), iron dust (siderosis), and asbestos particles (asbestosis)

Pneumoconiosis

141

Accumulation of extra vascular fluid in the lung tissues and alveoli, caused most commonly by heart failure

Pulmonary edema

142

Blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by a mass of undissolved matter (such as a blood clot, tissue, air bubbles, and bacteria)

Pulmonary embolus

143

Abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation

Rhonchus

144

High pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway

Stridor

145

Completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal, healthy infant, usually less than 12 months of age; also called crib death

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

146

Whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway

Wheeze

147

Intra dermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on a positive reaction where the area around the test site becomes red and swollen

Mantoux test

148

Noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen; also called pulse oximetry

Oximetry

149

Test of sleep cycles and stages using continuous recordings of brain waves (EEGs), electrical activity of muscles, eye movement (electro-oculogram), respiratory rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation, heart rhythm and sometimes direct observation of the person during sleep using a video camera

Polysomnography

150

Multiple testes used to evaluate the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane

Pulmonary function tests

151

Measurement of ventilatory ability by assessing lung capacity and flow, including the time necessary for exhaling the total volume of inhaled air

Spirometry

152

Visual examination of the bronchi using an endoscope inserted through the nose or mouth and trachea for direct viewing of structures or for projection on a monitor

Bronchoscopy

153

Visual examination of the larynx to detect tumors, foreign bodies, nerve or structural injury, or other abnormalities

Laryngoscopy

154

Visual examination of the mediastinal structures including the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus, and lymph nodes

Mediastinoscopy

155

Irrigating or washing out an organ, stomach, bladder, bowel, or body cavity with a stream of water or other fluid

Lavage

156

Irrigation of the antrum (maxillary sinus) in chronic or nonresponsive sinusitis

Antral

157

Positioning a patient so that gravity aids in the drainage of secretions from the bronchi and lobes of the lungs

Postural drainage

158

Excision of part of the pleura, usually parietal

Pleurectomy

159

Excision of a lung

Pneumectomy

160

Reconstructive surgery of the nose to correct deformities or for cosmetic purposes

Rhinoplasty

161

Surgical repair of a deviated nasal septum usually performed when the septum is encroaching on the breathing passages or nasal structures

Septoplasty

162

Surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity

Thoracentesis

163

Surgical procedure in which an opening is made in the neck and into the trachea into which a breathing tube may be inserted

Tracheostomy

164

Pus in the pleural cavity

Empyema

165

Phospholipid that allows the lungs to expand with ease

Surfactant

166

Loss of sponginess of the lungs due to engorgement

Consolidation

167

Listening to chest sounds using a stethoscope

Auscultation

168

Deficiency of oxygen in the blood

Hypoxemia

169

Granulomas associated with tuberculosis

Tubercles

170

Disease characterized by a decrease in alveolar elasticity

Emphysema

171

Head cold; upper respiratory infection

Coryza

172

Imaging procedure that uses radionucleotides to evaluate blood flow in the lungs

Lung scan

173

Producing images using an x ray machine

Radiography

174

Washing or irrigating sinuses

Antral lavage

175

Relieves sneezing, runny nose, itchiness, and rashes

Antihistamine

176

Relieves or suppresses coughing

Antitussive

177

TB organism

AFB

178

Inhalation of medication directly into the respiratory system via a nebulizer

Aerosol therapy

179

Decrease mucous membrane swelling by constricting blood vessels

Decongestant

180

Arterial blood gas...lab tests to assess pH and gases of arterial blood

ABG

181

Reduces the viscosity of sputum to facilitate productive coughing

Expectorant

182

Used to identify pathogens; especially group A streptococci

Throat culture