Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (95):
0

An agent (usually a hormone) that stimulates development of male characteristics

Androgen

1

Very small duct

Ductule

2

Regulatory mechanisms of the body that control temperature, acidity, and the concentration of salt, food, and waste products

Homeostasis

3

Pouch of skin in the male that contains the testicles

Scrotum

4

Abnormal condition of fat

Adiposis

5

Hernia containing fat

Lipocele

6

Inflammation of adipose tissue

Steatitis

7

Pertaining to beneath the skin

Subcutaneous

8

Surgical repair of the skin

Dermatoplasty

9

Pertaining to under the skin

Hypodermic

10

Inflammation of the sweat glands

Hidradenitis

11

Profuse sweating

Sudoresis

12

Abnormal condition of dry or scaly skin

Ichthyosis

13

Abnormal condition of horny tissue

Keratosis

14

Black tumor

Melanoma

15

Fungal infection of the skin

Dermatomycosis

16

Softening of the nails

Onychomalacia

17

Pertaining to the nails

Ungual

18

Pertaining to hair in a nest

Pilonidal

19

Disease involving the hair

Trichopathy

20

Hardening of the skin

Scleroderma

21

Discharge of sebum

Seborrhea

22

Pertaining to scales (covered with scales)

Squamous

23

Skin transplantation from a foreign donor (usually a pig) for a human; also called heterograft

Xenograft

24

Dry skin

Xeroderma

25

Fat cell

Lipocyte

26

Pus in the skin

Pyoderma

27

Specialist in the treatment of skin disorders

Dermatologist

28

Study of the skin (and its diseases)

Dermatology

29

Use of cold in the treatment of disease

Cryotherapy

30

Abnormal condition of absence of sweat

Anhidrosis

31

Excessive or profuse sweating

Diaphoresis

32

Above the skin

Epidermis

33

Transplantation of tissue between individuals of the same species

Homograft

34

Excessive or profuse sweating

Hyperhidrosis

35

Pertaining to beneath the nail of a finger or toe

Subungual

36

Localized collection of pus at the site of an infection (characteristically a staphylococcal infection)

Abscess

37

Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin with characteristic lesions that include blackheads (comedos), inflammatory papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts; usually associated with seborrhea

Acne

38

Partial or complete loss of hair resulting from normal aging, an endocrine disorder, a drug reaction, anti cancer medication, or a skin disease, commonly called baldness

Alopecia

39

Form of intrepidermal carcinoma (squamous cell) characterized by red-brown scaly or crusted lesions that resemble a patch of psoriasis or dermatitis

Bowen disease

40

Diffuse (widespread), acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue

Cellulitis

41

Pigmentary skin discoloration usually occurring in yellowish brown patches or spots

Chloasma

42

Typical small skin lesion of acne vulgaris caused by accumulation of keratin, bacteria, and dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin

Comedo

43

Infection of the skin caused by fungi

Dermatomycosis

44

Skin discoloration of a large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area with colors changing from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow; commonly called a bruise

Ecchymosis

45

Chronic skin inflammation characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, scabs, and possibly itching

Eczema

46

Redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries

Erythema

47

Damaged tissue following a severe burn

Eschar

48

Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture

Impetigo

49

Thickened area of the epidermis or any horny growth on the skin (such as a callus or wart)

Keratosis

50

Small brown macules, especially in the face and arms, brought n by sun exposure, usually in a middle aged or older person

Lentigo

51

Unnatural paleness or absence of color in the skin

Pallor

52

Infestation with lice, transmitted by personal contact or common use of brushes, combs or headgear

Pediculosis

53

Minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin

Petechia

54

Skin ulceration caused by prolong pressure from lying in one position that prevents blood flow to the tissues, usually in bedridden patients

Pressure ulcer

55

Intense itching

Pruritus

56

Chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribed red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery, adherent scales caused by excessive development of the basal layer of the epidermis

Psoriasis

57

Any of several bleeding disorders characterized by hemorrhage into the tissues, particularly beneath the skin or mucous membranes, producing ecchymoses or petechiae

Purpura

58

Contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite, commonly through sexual contact

Scabies

59

Fungal skin infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affected; also called ringworm

Tinea

60

Allergic reaction of the skin characterized by the eruption of pale red, elevated patches called wheals or hives

Urticaria

61

Epidermal growth caused by a virus; also knows as warts.

Verruca

Types: plantar, juvenile, venereal

62

Localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk white patches

Vitiligo

63

Any test in which a suspected allergen or sensitizer is applied to or injected into the skin to determine the patients sensitivity to it

Skin test (ST)

64

Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by subcutaneously injecting small amounts of extracts of the suspected allergens and observing the skin for a subsequent reaction [diphtheria (Schick test) or tuberculosis (Mantoux)]

Intradermal skin test

65

Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by topical application of the substance to be tested (such as food, pollen, and animal fur), usually on the forearm, and observing for a subsequent reaction

Patch skin test

66

Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by placing a small quantity of the suspected allergen on a lightly scratched area of the skin

Scratch (prick)

67

Representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination

Biopsy

68

Removal of a small tissue sample for examination using a hollow needle, usually attached to a syringe

Needle biopsy

69

Removal of a small core of tissue using a hollow punch

Punch biopsy

70

Removal of surgical blade is used to remove elevated lesions

Shave biopsy

71

Ultra thin slice of tissue from a frozen specimen for immediate pathological examination

Frozen section FS biopsy

72

Chemical removal of the outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring and general keratoses

Chemical peel

73

Removal of necrotized tissue from a wound by surgical excision, enzymes, or chemical agents

Debridement

74

Rubbing (abrasion) using wire brushes or sandpaper to mechanically scrape away the epidermis

Dermabrasion

75

Tissue destruction by means of high frequency electric current

Fulguration

76

Use of sub freezing temperature to destroy or eliminate abnormal tissue, such as tumors, warts, and unwanted, cancerous, or infected tissue

Cryosurgery

77

Surgical procedure to transplant healthy tissue by applying it to an injured site

Skin graft

78

Process of cutting through a lesion such as an abscess and draining its contents

Incision and drainage (I&D)

79

Transplantation of healthy tissue from one person to another

Allograft

80

Transplantation of healthy tissue from one site to another site in the same individual

Autograft

81

Transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers arranged in a lattice pattern

Synthetic

82

Alter the cell wall of fungi or disrupt enzyme activity, resulting in cell death

Antifungals

83

Decrease inflammation and itching by suppressing the immune systems inflammatory response to tissue damage

Corticosteroids

84

Destroy and soften the outer layer of skin so that it is sloughed off or shed

Keratolytics

85

Agents that kill parasitic skin infestations

Parasiticide

95

Excision of fat

Lipectomy

96

Removal of a nail

Onychectomy

97

Incision of a nail

Onychotomy

141

Instrument used to incise skin

Dermatome

142

Abnormal condition of nails

Onychosis

143

Abnormal condition of the nails caused by fungus

Onychomycosis

144

Abnormal condition of a hidden/ingrown nail

Onychocryptosis

175

Resembling fat

Adipoid

176

Tumor of the nails

Onychoma