Chapter 13 Endocrine Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Endocrine Deck (90)
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1

adenoma

a benign tumor of a glandular structure or of glandular origin

2

claudication

cramping pain and weakness in the legs and especially the calves on walking that disappears after rest and is usually associated with inadequate blood supply to the muscles

3

endocrinologist

raining to diagnose and treat hormone imbalances and problems by helping to restore the normal balance of hormones in the body

4

hypercalciruia

the presence of an excess amount of calcium in the urine

5

hyperparathyroidism

he presence of excess parathyroid hormone in the body resulting in disturbance of calcium metabolism with increase in serum calcium and decrease in inorganic phosphorus, loss of calcium from bone, and renal damage with frequent kidney-stone formation

6

impression

assessment

7

osteoarthritis

arthritis typically with onset during middle or old age that is characterized by degenerative and sometimes hypertrophic changes in the bone and cartilage of one or more joints and a progressive wearing down of apposing joint surfaces

8

parathyroid

any of usually four small endocrine glands that are adjacent to or embedded in the thyroid gland; produce parathyroid hormone

9

peripheral vascular disease

vascular disease (as Raynaud's disease and Buerger's disease) affecting blood vessels outside of the heart and especially those vessels supplying the extremities

10

Accu-chek

is the brand of blood sugar-testing devices (glucose meters) and Insulin Pumps (originally by Distronic) manufactured by Roche Diagnostics, largely for the diabetic market

11

morbid obesity

begins at a BMI of 40

12

obesity, exogenous

obesity caused by a caloric intake greater than needed to meet the metabolic needs of the body

13

polydipsia

excessive or abnormal thirst

14

polyphagia

excessive appetite or eating

15

polyuria

excessive secretion of urine

16

virile

having characteristics of a man; masculine

17

myxedema

hypothyroidism acquired in adulthood

18

diuresis

increased excretion of urine

19

hirsutism

excessive growth of hair in unusual places, especially in women

20

cretinism

hypothyroidism that appears as a congenital condition and is commonly associated with other endocrine abnormalities

21

insulin

hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreas

22

Addison disease

caused by deficiency in the secretion of adrenocortical hormones

23

exophthalmic goiter

characterized by protrusion of the eyeballs, increased heart action, enlargement of the thyroid gland, weight loss, and nervousness

24

hyperkalemia

excessive amount of potassium in the blood

25

pheochromocytoma

smal chromaffin cell tumor, usually located in the adrenal medulla

26

type I diabetes

insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; occurs most commonly in children and adolescents (juvenile onset)

27

type II diabetes

non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus; occurs later in life (maturity onset)

28

FBS

measures circulating glucose level after a 12 hour fast

29

RAIU

measures thyroid function and monitors how quickly ingested iodine is taken into the thyroid gland

30

corticosteroids

replacement hormones for adrenal insufficiency (addison disease)

Corticosteroids are man-made drugs that closely resemble cortisol, a hormone that your adrenal glands produce naturally. Steroids work by decreasing inflammation and reducing the activity of the immune system.