Chapter 13 Endocrine Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 13 Endocrine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 Endocrine Deck (90):
1

adenoma

a benign tumor of a glandular structure or of glandular origin

2

claudication

cramping pain and weakness in the legs and especially the calves on walking that disappears after rest and is usually associated with inadequate blood supply to the muscles

3

endocrinologist

raining to diagnose and treat hormone imbalances and problems by helping to restore the normal balance of hormones in the body

4

hypercalciruia

the presence of an excess amount of calcium in the urine

5

hyperparathyroidism

he presence of excess parathyroid hormone in the body resulting in disturbance of calcium metabolism with increase in serum calcium and decrease in inorganic phosphorus, loss of calcium from bone, and renal damage with frequent kidney-stone formation

6

impression

assessment

7

osteoarthritis

arthritis typically with onset during middle or old age that is characterized by degenerative and sometimes hypertrophic changes in the bone and cartilage of one or more joints and a progressive wearing down of apposing joint surfaces

8

parathyroid

any of usually four small endocrine glands that are adjacent to or embedded in the thyroid gland; produce parathyroid hormone

9

peripheral vascular disease

vascular disease (as Raynaud's disease and Buerger's disease) affecting blood vessels outside of the heart and especially those vessels supplying the extremities

10

Accu-chek

is the brand of blood sugar-testing devices (glucose meters) and Insulin Pumps (originally by Distronic) manufactured by Roche Diagnostics, largely for the diabetic market

11

morbid obesity

begins at a BMI of 40

12

obesity, exogenous

obesity caused by a caloric intake greater than needed to meet the metabolic needs of the body

13

polydipsia

excessive or abnormal thirst

14

polyphagia

excessive appetite or eating

15

polyuria

excessive secretion of urine

16

virile

having characteristics of a man; masculine

17

myxedema

hypothyroidism acquired in adulthood

18

diuresis

increased excretion of urine

19

hirsutism

excessive growth of hair in unusual places, especially in women

20

cretinism

hypothyroidism that appears as a congenital condition and is commonly associated with other endocrine abnormalities

21

insulin

hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreas

22

Addison disease

caused by deficiency in the secretion of adrenocortical hormones

23

exophthalmic goiter

characterized by protrusion of the eyeballs, increased heart action, enlargement of the thyroid gland, weight loss, and nervousness

24

hyperkalemia

excessive amount of potassium in the blood

25

pheochromocytoma

smal chromaffin cell tumor, usually located in the adrenal medulla

26

type I diabetes

insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; occurs most commonly in children and adolescents (juvenile onset)

27

type II diabetes

non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus; occurs later in life (maturity onset)

28

FBS

measures circulating glucose level after a 12 hour fast

29

RAIU

measures thyroid function and monitors how quickly ingested iodine is taken into the thyroid gland

30

corticosteroids

replacement hormones for adrenal insufficiency (addison disease)

Corticosteroids are man-made drugs that closely resemble cortisol, a hormone that your adrenal glands produce naturally. Steroids work by decreasing inflammation and reducing the activity of the immune system.

31

growth hormone

increases skeletal growth in children.

It stimulates growth, cell reproduction and regeneration

32

thyroid scan

radioactive compound is administered and localizes in the thyroid gland; used to detect thyroid abnormalities

33

T4

thyroxine

34

oral antidiabetics

used to treat type II diabetes

35

GTT

diagnostic test used to determine hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, and adjustment in insulin dosage

36

antithyroids

used to treat hyperthyroidism by impeding the formation of T3 and T4 hormone

37

protein-bound iodine

test to measure the concentration of thyroxine in a blood sample

38

T3

triiodothyronine

39

MRI

noninvasive imaging technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to produce multi planar cross sectional images

40

exophthalmometry

test that measures the degree of forward displacement of the eyeball as seen in Graves disease

41

CT scan

imaging that rotates an x ray emitter around the area and measuring the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles; used to detect disease in soft body tissues

42

Humulin

trade name for all human genetically produced insulins

43

glycosuria

abnormal presence of glucose in the urine

44

Cushing syndrome

metabolic disorder caused by hyper secretion of the adrenal cortex resulting in excessive production of glucocorticoids, mainly cortisol

45

hyponatremia

decreased concentration of sodium in the blood

46

a benign tumor of a glandular structure or of glandular origin

adenoma

47

cramping pain and weakness in the legs and especially the calves on walking that disappears after rest and is usually associated with inadequate blood supply to the muscles

claudication

48

raining to diagnose and treat hormone imbalances and problems by helping to restore the normal balance of hormones in the body

endocrinologist

49

the presence of an excess amount of calcium in the urine

hypercalciruia

50

he presence of excess parathyroid hormone in the body resulting in disturbance of calcium metabolism with increase in serum calcium and decrease in inorganic phosphorus, loss of calcium from bone, and renal damage with frequent kidney-stone formation

hyperparathyroidism

51

assessment

impression

52

arthritis typically with onset during middle or old age that is characterized by degenerative and sometimes hypertrophic changes in the bone and cartilage of one or more joints and a progressive wearing down of apposing joint surfaces

osteoarthritis

53

any of usually four small endocrine glands that are adjacent to or embedded in the thyroid gland; produce parathyroid hormone

parathyroid

54

vascular disease (as Raynaud's disease and Buerger's disease) affecting blood vessels outside of the heart and especially those vessels supplying the extremities

peripheral vascular disease

55

is the brand of blood sugar-testing devices (glucose meters) and Insulin Pumps (originally by Distronic) manufactured by Roche Diagnostics, largely for the diabetic market

Accu-chek

56

begins at a BMI of 40

morbid obesity

57

obesity caused by a caloric intake greater than needed to meet the metabolic needs of the body

obesity, exogenous

58

excessive or abnormal thirst

polydipsia

59

excessive appetite or eating

polyphagia

60

excessive secretion of urine

polyuria

61

having characteristics of a man; masculine

virile

62

hypothyroidism acquired in adulthood

myxedema

63

increased excretion of urine

diuresis

64

excessive growth of hair in unusual places, especially in women

hirsutism

65

hypothyroidism that appears as a congenital condition and is commonly associated with other endocrine abnormalities

cretinism

66

hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreas

insulin

67

caused by deficiency in the secretion of adrenocortical hormones

Addison disease

68

characterized by protrusion of the eyeballs, increased heart action, enlargement of the thyroid gland, weight loss, and nervousness

exophthalmic goiter

69

excessive amount of potassium in the blood

hyperkalemia

70

smal chromaffin cell tumor, usually located in the adrenal medulla

pheochromocytoma

71

insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; occurs most commonly in children and adolescents (juvenile onset)

type I diabetes

72

non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus; occurs later in life (maturity onset)

type II diabetes

73

measures circulating glucose level after a 12 hour fast

FBS

74

measures thyroid function and monitors how quickly ingested iodine is taken into the thyroid gland

RAIU

75

replacement hormones for adrenal insufficiency (addison disease)

corticosteroids

76

increases skeletal growth in children

growth hormone

77

radioactive compound is administered and localizes in the thyroid gland; used to detect thyroid abnormalities

thyroid scan

78

thyroxine

T4

79

used to treat type II diabetes

oral antidiabetics

80

diagnostic test used to determine hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, and adjustment in insulin dosage

GTT

81

used to treat hyperthyroidism by impeding the formation of T3 and T4 hormone

antithyroids

82

test to measure the concentration of thyroxine in a blood sample

protein-bound iodine

83

triiodothyronine

T3

84

noninvasive imaging technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to produce multi planar cross sectional images

MRI

85

test that measures the degree of forward displacement of the eyeball as seen in Graves disease

exophthalmometry

86

imaging that rotates an x ray emitter around the area and measuring the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles; used to detect disease in soft body tissues

CT scan

87

trade name for all human genetically produced insulins

Humulin

88

abnormal presence of glucose in the urine

glycosuria

89

metabolic disorder caused by hyper secretion of the adrenal cortex resulting in excessive production of glucocorticoids, mainly cortisol

Cushing syndrome

90

decreased concentration of sodium in the blood

hyponatremia