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Flashcards in CA III FInal Deck (63)
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1

malignant neoplastic disorder of lymphoid tissue (not related to Hodgkin disease)

lymphosarcoma

2

serious, life threatening bloodstream infection that may arise from other infections throughout the body; aka blood infection or blood poisoning

septicemia

3

laboratory test to detect the presence of antibodies, antigens, or immune substances

serology

4

blood test that measures the amount of antibodies in the blood; commonly used as an indicator of immune status

titer

5

test to determine the presence of pathogens in the bloodstream

blood culture

6

series of tests that includes hemoglobin, hematocrit, RBC, WBC, and platelet counts, differential WBC count, RBC indices, and RBC/WBC morphology

complete blood count (CBC)

7

test that enumerates the distribution of WBCs in a stained blood smear by counting the different kinds of WBCs and reporting each as a percentage of the total examined

differential count (diff)

8

measurement of the distance RBCs settle to the bottom of a test tube under standardized condition

erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

9

measurement of the amount of hemoglobin found in a whole blood sample

hemoglobin (Hgb) value

10

measurement of the percentage of RBCs in a whole blood sample

hematocrit (Hct)

11

non-specific rapid serological test for infectious mononucleosis; aka heterophile antibody test

Monospot

12

measures the length of time it takes blood to clot. Screens for deficiencies of some clotting factors and monitors the effectiveness of anticoagulant (heparin) therapy

partial thromboplastin time (PTT)

13

measures the time it takes for the plasma portion of blood to clot. used to evaluate portions of the coagulation system

prothrombin time (PT)

14

mathematical calculation of size, volume, and concentration of hemoglobin for a RBC

red blood cell indices

15

used to assess the absorption of radioactive vitamin B12 by the digestive system

Schilling test

16

radiographic examination of lymph nodes after injection of a contrast medium

lymphadenography

17

radiographic examination of lymph vessels of tissues after injection of a contrast medium

lymphangiography

18

drawing in or out by suction

aspiration

19

uses a syringe w a thin aspirating needle inserted (usually into the pelvic bone) to withdraw a small sample of bone marrow fluid for microscopic examination

bone marrow aspiration

20

representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis

biopsy

21

removal of a small core sample of tissue from bone marrow for examination under a microscope

bone marrow biopsy

22

removal of the sentinel node that receives drainage from cancer-containing areas and the one most likely to contain malignant cells

sentinel node biopsy

23

removal of a lymph vessel

lymphangiectomy

24

infusion of blood or blood components into the bloodstream

transfusion

25

transfusion prepared from the recipients own blood

autologous transfusion

26

transfusion prepared from another individual whose blood is compatible with that of the recipient

homologous transfusion

27

grafting of living tissue from its normal position to another site or from one person to another

transplantation

28

harvesting, freezing, and reinfusing the patients own bone marrow to treat bone marrow hypoplasia following cancer therapy

autologous bone marrow transplantation

29

transplantation of bone marrow from one individual to another to treat aplastic anemia, leukemia, and immunodeficiency disorders

homologous bone marrow transplantation

30

repeated inability to initiate or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse

erectile dysfunction (ED)