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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (102)
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1

anorexia

lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat

2

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix, usually due to obstruction or infection

3

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

4

borborygmus

rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine

5

cholelithiasis

presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct

6

cirrhosis

scarring and dysfunction of the liver cause by chronic liver disease

7

colic

spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ especially the colon, accompanied by pain

8

Crohn disease

chronic inflammation, usually of the ileum, but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract; also called regional enteritis

9

deglutition

act of swallowing

10

dysentery

inflammation of the intestine, especially the colon, that may be caused by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants, bacteria, protozoa, or parasites, which results in bloody diarrhea

11

dyspepsia

epigastric discomfort felt after eating; also called indigestion

12

dysphagia

inability or difficulty in swallowing; also called aphagia

13

eructation

producing gas from the stomach, usually with a characteristic sound; also called belching

14

fecalith

fecal concretion

15

flatus

gas in the GI tract; expelling of air from a body orifice, especially the anus

16

gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus due to a malfunction of the sphincter muscle at the inferior portion of the esophagus

17

halitosis

offensive, or "bad" breath

18

hematemesis

vomiting of blood from bleeding in the stomach or esophagus

19

irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

symptom complex marked by abdominal pain and altered bowel function for which no organic cause can be determined; also called spastic colon

20

malabsorption syndrome

symptom complex of the small intestine characterized by the impaired passage of nutrients, minerals, or fluids through intestinal villi into the blood or lymph

21

melena

passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices

22

obesity

excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards, usually an increase of 20% or more above ideal body weight

23

morbid obesity

BMI of 40 or greater, which is generally 100 or more pounds over ideal body weight

24

obstipation

severe constipation; may be caused by an intestinal obstruction

25

oral leukoplakia

formation of white spots or patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue, lips, or cheek caused primarily by irritation

26

peristalsis

progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, especially the GI tract

27

pyloric stenosis

stricture or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter at the outlet of the stomach, causing an obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestine

28

regurgitation

backward flowing, as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach

29

steatorrhea

passage of fat in large amounts in the feces due to failure to digest and absorb it

30

cachexia

state of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting