Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (102):
1

anorexia

lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat

2

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix, usually due to obstruction or infection

3

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

4

borborygmus

rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine

5

cholelithiasis

presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct

6

cirrhosis

scarring and dysfunction of the liver cause by chronic liver disease

7

colic

spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ especially the colon, accompanied by pain

8

Crohn disease

chronic inflammation, usually of the ileum, but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract; also called regional enteritis

9

deglutition

act of swallowing

10

dysentery

inflammation of the intestine, especially the colon, that may be caused by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants, bacteria, protozoa, or parasites, which results in bloody diarrhea

11

dyspepsia

epigastric discomfort felt after eating; also called indigestion

12

dysphagia

inability or difficulty in swallowing; also called aphagia

13

eructation

producing gas from the stomach, usually with a characteristic sound; also called belching

14

fecalith

fecal concretion

15

flatus

gas in the GI tract; expelling of air from a body orifice, especially the anus

16

gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus due to a malfunction of the sphincter muscle at the inferior portion of the esophagus

17

halitosis

offensive, or "bad" breath

18

hematemesis

vomiting of blood from bleeding in the stomach or esophagus

19

irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

symptom complex marked by abdominal pain and altered bowel function for which no organic cause can be determined; also called spastic colon

20

malabsorption syndrome

symptom complex of the small intestine characterized by the impaired passage of nutrients, minerals, or fluids through intestinal villi into the blood or lymph

21

melena

passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices

22

obesity

excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards, usually an increase of 20% or more above ideal body weight

23

morbid obesity

BMI of 40 or greater, which is generally 100 or more pounds over ideal body weight

24

obstipation

severe constipation; may be caused by an intestinal obstruction

25

oral leukoplakia

formation of white spots or patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue, lips, or cheek caused primarily by irritation

26

peristalsis

progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, especially the GI tract

27

pyloric stenosis

stricture or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter at the outlet of the stomach, causing an obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestine

28

regurgitation

backward flowing, as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach

29

steatorrhea

passage of fat in large amounts in the feces due to failure to digest and absorb it

30

cachexia

state of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting

31

lesion

open sore

32

PTCH

percutaneous transhepatic radiographic examination of bile ducts

33

bilirubin

breakdown product of hemoglobin, excreted from the body as bile

34

emetics

agents that produce vomiting

35

antispasmodics

agents that alleviate muscle spasms

36

choledochoplasty

surgical reconstruction of a bile duct

37

lower GI series

administration of barium enema while a series of radiographs are taken of the large intestine

38

gastroscopy

visual examination of the stomach

39

stomatoplasty

surgical reconstruction of the mouth

40

intubation

insertion of a tube into any hollow organ

41

anastomosis

surgical formation of a passage or opening between two hollow viscera or vessels

42

stool guaiac

detects presence of blood in the feces; also called Hemoccult

43

endoscopy

visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument

44

laxatives

used to treat constipation

45

antacids

neutralize excess acid in the stomach and help to relieve gastritis and ulcer pain

46

ultrasonography

procedure in which high frequency sound waves produce images of internal body structures that are displayed on a monitor

47

liver function tests

measures the levels of certain enzymes, bilirubin, and various proteins

48

bariatric surgery

surgery that treats morbid obesity

49

STAT

immediately

50

proctosigmoidoscopy

endoscopic procedure for visualization of the rectosigmoid colon

51

upper GI series

barium solution swallowed for radiographic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum

52

lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat

anorexia

53

inflammation of the appendix, usually due to obstruction or infection

appendicitis

54

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

ascites

55

rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine

borborygmus

56

presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct

cholelithiasis

57

scarring and dysfunction of the liver cause by chronic liver disease

cirrhosis

58

spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ especially the colon, accompanied by pain

colic

59

chronic inflammation, usually of the ileum, but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract; also called regional enteritis

Crohn disease

60

act of swallowing

deglutition

61

inflammation of the intestine, especially the colon, that may be caused by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants, bacteria, protozoa, or parasites, which results in bloody diarrhea

dysentery

62

epigastric discomfort felt after eating; also called indigestion

dyspepsia

63

inability or difficulty in swallowing; also called aphagia

dysphagia

64

producing gas from the stomach, usually with a characteristic sound; also called belching

eructation

65

fecal concretion

fecalith

66

gas in the GI tract; expelling of air from a body orifice, especially the anus

flatus

67

backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus due to a malfunction of the sphincter muscle at the inferior portion of the esophagus

gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

68

offensive, or "bad" breath

halitosis

69

vomiting of blood from bleeding in the stomach or esophagus

hematemesis

70

symptom complex marked by abdominal pain and altered bowel function for which no organic cause can be determined; also called spastic colon

irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

71

symptom complex of the small intestine characterized by the impaired passage of nutrients, minerals, or fluids through intestinal villi into the blood or lymph

malabsorption syndrome

72

passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices

melena

73

excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards, usually an increase of 20% or more above ideal body weight

obesity

74

BMI of 40 or greater, which is generally 100 or more pounds over ideal body weight

morbid obesity

75

severe constipation; may be caused by an intestinal obstruction

obstipation

76

formation of white spots or patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue, lips, or cheek caused primarily by irritation

oral leukoplakia

77

progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, especially the GI tract

peristalsis

78

stricture or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter at the outlet of the stomach, causing an obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestine

pyloric stenosis

79

backward flowing, as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach

regurgitation

80

passage of fat in large amounts in the feces due to failure to digest and absorb it

steatorrhea

81

state of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting

cachexia

82

open sore

lesion

83

percutaneous transhepatic radiographic examination of bile ducts

PTCH

84

breakdown product of hemoglobin, excreted from the body as bile

bilirubin

85

agents that produce vomiting

emetics

86

agents that alleviate muscle spasms

antispasmodics

87

surgical reconstruction of a bile duct

choledochoplasty

88

administration of barium enema while a series of radiographs are taken of the large intestine

lower GI series

89

visual examination of the stomach

gastroscopy

90

surgical reconstruction of the mouth

stomatoplasty

91

insertion of a tube into any hollow organ

intubation

92

surgical formation of a passage or opening between two hollow viscera or vessels

anastomosis

93

detects presence of blood in the feces; also called Hemoccult

stool guaiac

94

visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument

endoscopy

95

used to treat constipation

laxatives

96

neutralize excess acid in the stomach and help to relieve gastritis and ulcer pain

antacids

97

procedure in which high frequency sound waves produce images of internal body structures that are displayed on a monitor

ultrasonography

98

measures the levels of certain enzymes, bilirubin, and various proteins

liver function tests

99

surgery that treats morbid obesity

bariatric surgery

100

immediately

STAT

101

endoscopic procedure for visualization of the rectosigmoid colon

proctosigmoidoscopy

102

barium solution swallowed for radiographic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum

upper GI series