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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (102)
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1

ankylosis

stiffening and immobility of a joint as a result of disease, trauma, surgery, or abnormal bone fusion

2

carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)

painful condition resulting from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel

3

claudication

lameness, limping

4

contracture

fibrosis of connective tissue in the skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue or joint

5

crepitation

dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together, indicating a fracture or joint destruction

6

electromyography

use of electrical stimulation to record the strength of muscle contraction

7

exacerbation

increase in severity of a disease or any of its symptoms

8

ganglion cyst

tumor of tendon sheath or joint capsule, commonly found in the wrist

9

hemarthrosis

effusion of blood into a joint cavity

10

hypotonia

loss of muscular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching

11

multiple myeloma

primary malignant tumor that infiltrates the bone and red bone marrow

12

osteophyte

bony outgrowth that occasionally develops on the vertebra and may exert pressure on the spinal cord; also called bone spur

13

phantom limb

perceived sensation, following the amputation of a limb, that the limb still exists

14

prosthesis

replacement of a missing part by an artificial substitute, such as an artificial extremity

15

rickets

form of osteomalacia in children caused by vitamin D deficiency

16

sequestrum

fragment of necrosed bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue

17

spondylolisthesis

any slipping (subluxation) of a vertebra from its normal position in relationship to the one beneath it

18

spondylosis

degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae and related tissues

19

sprain

tearing of ligament tissue that may be slight, moderate, or complete

20

strain

to exert physical force in a manner that may result in injury, usually muscular

21

subluxation

partial or incomplete dislocation

22

talipes equinovarus

congenital deformity of one or both feet in which the foot is pulled downward and laterally to one side; also called clubfoot

23

muscular dystrophy

disease causing degeneration of muscles

24

myasthenia gravis

chronic neuromuscular disorder characterized by weakness manifested in ocular muscles

25

Ewing sarcoma

type of sarcoma that attacks the shafts rather than the ends of long bones

26

greenstick fracture

bone that is partially bent and partially broken; occurs in children

27

kyphosis

exaggeration of the thoracic curve of the vertebral column; humpback

28

osteoporosis

disease caused by a decrease in bone density; occurs in the elderly

29

scoliosis

deviation of the spine to the right or left

30

chondrosarcoma

cartilagenous sarcoma