Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (116):
1

exacerbations

periods of flare-up

2

hemoglobinopathy

any disorder due to abnormalities in the hemoglobin molecule

3

bacteremia

presence of bacteria in the blood

4

aplastic anemia

associated with bone marrow failure

5

active

type of immunity where memory cells are formed

6

Kaposi sarcoma

malignancy of connective tissue commonly associated with HIV

7

normocytic

used to denote an erythrocyte that is normal in size

8

lymphadenopathy

swollen or diseased lymph glands

9

immunocompromised

term that denotes a weakened immune system

10

hemophilia

blood-clotting disorder

11

infectious mononucleosis

common viral disorder caused by the Epstein-Barr virus

12

myelogenous

leukemia that affects granulocytes

13

passive

type of immunity where memory cells are not transferred to the recipient

14

artificial

type of passive immunity where medical intervention is required

15

hemolysis

destruction of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin

16

hematoma

localized accumulation of blood tissue; blood clot

17

graft rejection

destruction of a transplanted organ or tissue by the recipient's immune system

18

anisocytosis

condition of marked variation in the size of erythrocytes

19

opportunistic infection

disease that normally does not infect a healthy individual

20

septicemia

blood infection

21

aspiration

drawing in or out by suction

22

hematocrit

measurement of erythrocytes expressed as a percentage in a whole blood sample

23

Monospot

serologic test for infectious mononucleosis

24

anticoagulants

used to prevent blood clot formation

25

WBC

leukocyte

26

homologous

term used to describe a transplantation from another individual

27

lymphangiectomy

removal of a lymph vessel

28

RBC indices

mathematical calculation of size, volume, and concentration of hemoglobin for an average RBC

29

Shilling

definitive test for pernicious anemia

30

lymphadenography

radiographic examination of lymph nodes

31

autologous

term used to describe a transfusion from the patient's own blood

32

sentinel

first lymph node that receives drainage from cancer containing areas

33

RBC

erythrocyte

34

thrombolytics

used to dissolve blood clots

35

differential

test to enumerate the distribution of WBCs in a stained blood smear

36

ambulating

moving from place to place

37

analgesia

absence of sensibility to pain

38

anemia

a condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, in hemoglobin, or in total volume

39

crisis

a paroxysmal attack of pain, distress, or disordered function

40

hemoglobin

the oxygen-carrying pigment of erythrocytes, formed by developing erythrocytes in the bone marrow

41

ileus

results when the intestinal contents back up because peristalsis fails

42

infarction

a localized area of ischemic necrosis produced by occlusion of the arterial supply or the venous drainage of the part

43

morphine

an analgesic and sedative

44

sickle cell

an abnormal red blood cell of crescent shape

45

splenectomy

surgical excision of the spleen

46

Vicodin

derivative of codeine that is about six times more potent than codeine

47

alveolar lavage

cells and fluid from lung alveoli are removed for diagnosis of disease or evaluation of treatment

48

Bactrim

trademark for a fixed-combination drug containing two antibiotics (sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim) commonly prescribed to treat urinary tract infection

49

bronchoscopy

the use of a bronchoscope in the examination or treatment of the bronchi

50

diffuse

not concentrated or localized

51

HIV

any of several retroviruses and especially HIV-1 that infect and destroy helper T cells of the immune system causing the marked reduction in their numbers that is diagnostic of AIDS

52

infiltrate

to enter, permeate, or pass through a substance or area

53

leukoencephalopathy

any of various diseases affecting the brain's white matter

54

multifocal

damage caused by the disease occurs at multiple sites

55

PCP

Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia; An opportunistic infection caused by a fungus that is a major cause of death in patients with late-stage AIDS

56

PMN

having a nucleus so deeply lobed or so divided as to appear to be multiple

57

thrush

disease of the oral mucous membranes, usually seen in sick, weak infants, or persons who are debilitated or immunocompromised, characterized by creamy white plaques resembling milk curds, which if stripped away leave raw bleeding surfaces

58

vaginal candidiasis

candidal infection of the vagina, and usually also the vulva, commonly characterized by pruritus, creamy white discharge, vulvar erythema and swelling, and dyspareunia

59

periods of flare-up

exacerbations

60

any disorder due to abnormalities in the hemoglobin molecule

hemoglobinopathy

61

presence of bacteria in the blood

bacteremia

62

associated with bone marrow failure

aplastic anemia

63

type of immunity where memory cells are formed

active

64

malignancy of connective tissue commonly associated with HIV

Kaposi sarcoma

65

used to denote an erythrocyte that is normal in size

normocytic

66

swollen or diseased lymph glands

lymphadenopathy

67

term that denotes a weakened immune system

immunocompromised

68

blood-clotting disorder

hemophilia

69

common viral disorder caused by the Epstein-Barr virus

infectious mononucleosis

70

leukemia that affects granulocytes

myelogenous

71

type of immunity where memory cells are not transferred to the recipient

passive

72

type of passive immunity where medical intervention is required

artificial

73

destruction of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin

hemolysis

74

localized accumulation of blood tissue; blood clot

hematoma

75

destruction of a transplanted organ or tissue by the recipient's immune system

graft rejection

76

condition of marked variation in the size of erythrocytes

anisocytosis

77

disease that normally does not infect a healthy individual

opportunistic infection

78

blood infection

septicemia

79

drawing in or out by suction

aspiration

80

measurement of erythrocytes expressed as a percentage in a whole blood sample

hematocrit

81

serologic test for infectious mononucleosis

Monospot

82

used to prevent blood clot formation

anticoagulants

83

leukocyte

WBC

84

term used to describe a transplantation from another individual

homologous

85

removal of a lymph vessel

lymphangiectomy

86

mathematical calculation of size, volume, and concentration of hemoglobin for an average RBC

RBC indices

87

definitive test for pernicious anemia

Shilling

88

radiographic examination of lymph nodes

lymphadenography

89

term used to describe a transfusion from the patient's own blood

autologous

90

first lymph node that receives drainage from cancer containing areas

sentinel

91

erythrocyte

RBC

92

used to dissolve blood clots

thrombolytics

93

test to enumerate the distribution of WBCs in a stained blood smear

differential

94

moving from place to place

ambulating

95

absence of sensibility to pain

analgesia

96

a condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, in hemoglobin, or in total volume

anemia

97

a paroxysmal attack of pain, distress, or disordered function

crisis

98

he oxygen-carrying pigment of erythrocytes, formed by developing erythrocytes in the bone marrow

hemoglobin

99

results when the intestinal contents back up because peristalsis fails

ileus

100

a localized area of ischemic necrosis produced by occlusion of the arterial supply or the venous drainage of the part

infarction

101

an analgesic and sedative

morphine

102

an abnormal red blood cell of crescent shape

sickle cell

103

surgical excision of the spleen

splenectomy

104

erivative of codeine that is about six times more potent than codeine

Vicodin

105

cells and fluid from lung alveoli are removed for diagnosis of disease or evaluation of treatment

alveolar lavage

106

trademark for a fixed-combination drug containing two antibiotics (sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim) commonly prescribed to treat urinary tract infection

Bactrim

107

he use of a bronchoscope in the examination or treatment of the bronchi

bronchoscopy

108

not concentrated or localized

diffuse

109

ny of several retroviruses and especially HIV-1 that infect and destroy helper T cells of the immune system causing the marked reduction in their numbers that is diagnostic of AIDS

HIV

110

to enter, permeate, or pass through a substance or area

infiltrate

111

any of various diseases affecting the brain's white matter

leukoencephalopathy

112

amage caused by the disease occurs at multiple sites

multifocal

113

Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia; An opportunistic infection caused by a fungus that is a major cause of death in patients with late-stage AIDS

PCP

114

having a nucleus so deeply lobed or so divided as to appear to be multiple

PMN

115

of the oral mucous membranes, usually seen in sick, weak infants, or persons who are debilitated or immunocompromised, characterized by creamy white plaques resembling milk curds, which if stripped away leave raw bleeding surfaces

thrush

116

andidal infection of the vagina, and usually also the vulva, commonly characterized by pruritus, creamy white discharge, vulvar erythema and swelling, and dyspareunia

vaginal candidiasis