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Flashcards in Final Deck (59):
1

visual examination of a cavity or canal using a flexible fiberoptic instrument called an endoscope

endoscopy

2

endoscopy of the esophagus (esophagoscopy), stomach (gastroscopy), and duodenum (duodenoscopy)

upper GI

3

endoscopy of the colon (colonoscopy), sigmoid colon (sigmoidoscopy), and rectum and anal canal (proctoscopy)

lower GI

4

panel of blood tests that identify the specific virus- hep A (HAV), hep B (HBV), or hep C (HCV)- causing hepatitis by testing serum using antibodies to each of these antigens

hepatitis panel

5

group of blood tests that evaluate liver injury, liver function, and conditions often associated with the biliary tract

liver function tests (LFT)

6

measurement of the level of bilirubin in the blood

serum bilirubin

7

test to identify microorganisms or parasites present in feces

stool culture

8

applying a substance called guaiac to a stool sample to detect presence of occult blood in the feces; also called hemoccult

stool guaiac

9

radiographic exam of the rectum and colon following enema administration of barium sulfate (contrast medium) into the rectum; also called lower GI series

barium enema

10

radiographic exam of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine following oral administration of barium sulfate. aka esophagram and upper GI series

barium swallow

11

rad images taken of the gallbladder after admin of a contrast material containing iodine, usually in the form of a tablet

cholecystography

12

imaging technique achieved by rotating an x-ray emitter around the area to be scanned and measuring the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles

computed tomography (CT)

13

endoscopic procedure that provides radiographic visualization of the bile and pancreatic ducts to identify partial or total obstructions as well as stones, cysts, and tumors

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

14

radiographic examination of bile duct structures

percutaneous transhepatic choliangography (PTCP)

15

radiologic examination of the salivary glands and ducts

sialography

16

test that uses high frequency sound waves to analyze the reflected echos from anatomical structures and convert them into an image on a video monitor

ultrasonography

17

US visualization of the abdominal aorta, liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, pancreas, kidneys, ureters, and bladder

abdominal ultrasonography

18

representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis

biopsy (bx)

19

use of a large-bore needle to remove a core of liver tissue for histological examination

liver biopsy

20

procedure that involves insertion of a nasogastric tube through the nose into the stomach to relieve gastric distention by removing gas, food, or gastric secretions

nasogastric intubation

21

surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another

anastomosis

22

surgical connection of the ileum and rectum after total colectomy

iliorectal anastomosis

23

surgical connection of two portions of the intestines; aka enteroenterostomy

intestinal anastomosis

24

group of procedures that treat morbid obesity and its resultant health problems

bariatric surgery

25

upper esophagus near the stomach is stapled vertically to reduce it to a small pouch. A band is then inserted that restricts food consumption and delays its passage from the pouch, causing a feeling of fullness

vertical banded gastroplasty

26

stomach is first stapled to decrease it to a small pouch. Next, the jejunum is shortened and connected to the small stomach pouch, causing the base of the duodenum leading from the nonfunctioning portion of the stomach to form a Y configuration

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RGB)

27

creation of an opening of a portion of the colon through the abdominal wall to its outside surface in order to divert fecal flow to a colostomy bag

colostomy

28

procedure for crushing a stone and eliminating its fragments either surgically or using ultrasonic shock waves

lithotripsy

29

use of shockwaves as a noninvasive method to break up stones in the gallbladder or biliary ducts

extracorporeal shockwave

30

excision of a polyp

polypectomy

31

incision of the longitudinal and circular muscles of the pylorus; used to treat hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

pyloromyotomy

32

series of radiographs taken after injection of a contrast medium into a joint cavity to outline the contour of a joint

arthrography

33

rad procedures that use low-energy x-ray absorption to measure bone mineral density (BMD)

bone density tests

34

imaging technique that uses an x-ray beam and and a computer to make a series of cross sectional images of a body part, which make up a 3D view of the area scanned

computed tomography (CT)

35

rad examination of intervertebral disc structures by injecting a contrast medium

discography

36

rad of the five lumbar vertebrae and the fused sacral vertebrae

lumbosacral spinal radiography

37

rad of the spinal cord after injection of a contrast medium to identify and study spinal distortions caused by tumors, cysts, herniated intervertebral discs, or other lesions

myelography

38

nuclear medicine procedure that visualizes various tissues and organs after administration of a radionuclide

scintigraphy

39

radionuclide is injected intravenously and taken up into bone

bone scintigraphy

40

procedure that restores bone to its normal position

reduction

41

fractured bones are realigned by manipulation rather than surgery

closed reduction

42

fractured bones are placed in their proper position using surgery

open reduction

43

application of a solid, stiff dressing formed with plaster of Paris or other material to a body part to immobilize it during the healing process

casting

44

app of an orthopedic device to an injured body part for immobilization, stabilization, and protection during the healing process

splinting

45

use of weights and pulleys to align or immobilize a fracture and facilitate the healing process

traction

46

partial or complete removal of an extremity du to trauma or circulatory disease

amputation

47

puncture of a joint space using a needle remove accumulated fluid

arthrocentesis

48

surgical breaking of an ankylosed joint to provide movement

arthroclasia

49

visual examination of the interior of a joint and its structures using a thin, flexible fiberoptic scope called an arthroscope that contains a magnifying lens, fiberoptic light, and a miniature camera that projects images on a monitor

arthroscopy

50

implanting or transplanting bone tissue from another part of the body or from another person to serve as a replacement for damaged or missing bone tissue

bone grafting

51

excision of bursa

bursectomy

52

excision of the posterior arch of a vertebra

laminectomy

53

surgery repeated to correct problems of a previously unsuccessful surgery or to replace worn out prosthesis

revision surgery

53

surgery repeated to correct problems of a previously unsuccessful surgery or to replace worn out prosthesis

revision surgery

54

excision of a sequestrum (segment of necrosed bone)

sequestrectomy

55

excision of a synovial membrane

synovectomy

55

excision of a synovial membrane

synovectomy

56

surgical procedure to replace a hip joint damaged by a degenerative disease, commonly arthritis

total hip replacement

56

surgical procedure to replace a hip joint damaged by a degenerative disease, commonly arthritis

total hip replacement