Chpater 11 : The Irish Rebellion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chpater 11 : The Irish Rebellion Deck (11):

To be a member of Parliament

Be member of Church of Ireland
Own land and be wealthy


The Protestant ascendency

Group of elite people, lived in Georgian houses in Dublin, lived in estate house in the country


Penal laws

Only wealthy could vote, Catholics had to pay tithe to church of Ireland, Presbyterians not allowed be part of parliament, paid tithe


The society of United Irishmen

Wolfe Tone, Henry Joy McCracken, Thomas Russell, middle class Protestants, unite the whole country regardless of religion or wealth, form fairer government. Some members of Protestant ascendency like Lord Edward Fitzgerald joined United Irishmen


Wolfe tone and French

United Irishmen were banned, Wolfe tone changed aims. He wanted a change in how Ireland was run, full independence from Britain, become republic, rebellion. French General Hoche sent 43 ships and 14,000 soldiers to Ireland.


French disaster

Hoche was leader but separated from fleet
Storm in Bantry Co. Cork made the French unable to land
Wolf tone was defeated and fleed to France. French didn't want to go again.


18th century Irish Parliament

18th century Irish Parliament was in College Green beside Trinity.


British reaction to French

Anyone in United Irishmen that took their oath was executed without trial
People thought to be in United Irishmen were flogged
Pitch capping, cloth filled with tar, put on suspects head, set alight
These worked in Ulster and government had control of republican population there


1798 rebellion

Republicans were angry about Britain killing Irish. Rebellion was a disaster. Henry Joy McCracken = Antrim. Henry Monroe = Down. Lord Edward Fitzgerald = Leinster.


Wexford rebellion

Croppies were republicans and they rebelled against British militia. Their rebel base camp was at vinegar hill in Wexford. Led by Fr. John Murphy. Lasted less than a month. Defeated in June.


1798 rebellion importance

British executed suspects of United Irishmen without trial and executed 36 prisoners without trial. 200 Protestants were murdered at Scullabogue at Wexford bridge. Presbyterians thought they couldn't trust Catholics. Ideals of United Irishmen were lost. Ireland was now directly ruled from Westminster. Orange order promoted distrust of Catholics.